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Integral Kabbalah Notes 1

Marc Gafni ยป Blog - Spiritually Incorrect ยป Enlightenment ยป Integral Evolutionary Kabbalah ยป Teachings in Hebrew ยป Integral Kabbalah Notes 1

This article only appears in hebrew. The Notes below are part of a book under preparation on the topic on Integral Kabbalah.

The form and core content of this book was completed in 2005.

The notes below taken by a student in the class sometimes reflect my intention and sometimes I read them and I have no idea what they are really all about.

There are many misquotes and mis-reperesentations in the notes but that is all okay and in the nature of things.

There is enough sacred Torah in the notes to make it worth publishing on the web and those who are serious will benefit from the Torah.

As it is now being prepared for publication I would appreciate it if those working in this did not โ€œborrowโ€ the material but graciously allowed me the time to publish it appropriately.

Thank You.

ืงื‘ืœื” ืื™ื ื˜ื’ืจืืœื™ืช ื–ื”ื• ืชื—ื•ื ืฉืื™ื ื• ืงื™ื™ื. ื™ืฉ ืงื‘ืœื”, ื•ื™ืฉ ืคื™ืœื•ืกื•ืคื™ื” ืื™ื ื˜ื’ืจืืœื™ืช. ืงื‘ืœื” ื–ื” ืชื—ื•ื ืฉืœ ืชื•ืจืช ื”ืกื•ื“ ืฉื”ืชื—ื™ืœื” ืœืคื ื™ ื›- 3000 ืฉื ื”, ืกื•ื“ื•ืช ืžื™ืกื˜ื™ื™ื ืฉื”ื•ืขื‘ืจื• ืžื“ื•ืจ ืœื“ื•ืจ, ืขื•ืœื ืฉืœ ืžื™ืกื˜ื™ืงื” ืžืฆื“ ืื—ื“; ื•ืขื•ืœื ืฉื ื™ ืฉื ืงืจื ‘ืื™ื ื˜ื’ืจืืœื™’, ื–ื” ืžื•ืคื™ืข ื‘ื”ืจื‘ื” ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช, ืœืžืฉืœ ืืฆืœ ืืจืื‘ื™ื ื“ื•, ื•ืคื™ืจื•ืฉื” ืชืคื™ืกืช ืขื•ืœื ืฉืžื ืกื” ืœื”ื›ื™ืœ ืืช ืžืจื‘ื™ืช ื”ืืžืช ืฉื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื”ื›ื™ืœ. ื ื™ืกื™ื•ืŸ ืœืื—ื•ืช ืืช ื”ืงืจืขื™ื, ืœืื—ื•ืช ืืช ื›ืœ ืชื—ื•ืžื™ ื”ื™ื“ืข, ืœื ืœื”ืฉืื™ืจ ื“ื‘ืจ ื‘ื—ื•ืฅ. ืืจื‘ื™ื ื“ื• ืœื•ืงื— ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ืžื“ืขื™ื ื•ืžื›ื ื™ืก ืœืกื™ืคื•ืจ. ืื ื• ื ื•ืฆื™ื ืžื›ืœ ื”ืชื—ื•ืžื™ื ืžื’ืžื•ืช ื›ืœืœื™ื•ืช, ื‘ื“ื•ืงื•ืช, ืฉืžื•ืกื›ืžื•ืช ืขืœ ืžืจื‘ื™ืช ื”ื—ื•ืงืจื™ื ื‘ื›ืœ ืชื—ื•ื. ื ื•ื›ืœ ืœืฉืื•ื‘ ืžืŸ ื”ืžืงื•ืจื•ืช ื”ืืœื• ืืช ื”ืžื’ืžื•ืช ื”ื‘ืกื™ืกื™ื•ืช ื‘ื›ืœ ืชื—ื•ื, ื•ืื– ื ื—ื‘ืจ ื‘ื™ืŸ ืกื•ื’ื™ ื”ื™ื“ืข ื”ืฉื•ื ื™ื, ื•ืคืชืื•ื ื ื•ื›ืœ ืœืจืื•ืช ืชืžื•ื ื” ืžื“ื”ื™ืžื” ืฉืื™ื›ืฉื”ื• ืคื•ืชื—ืช ื‘ืคื ื™ื ื• ืžืฆื™ืื•ืช ืฉื›ืจื’ืข ื‘ืœืชื™ ืืคืฉืจื™ ืœืจืื•ืชื”.ื”ืชื—ื•ื ื”ื—ื“ืฉ ืฉืื ื• ืžื ืกื™ื ืœื‘ืกืก โ€“ ื™ื”ื“ื•ืช ืื™ื ื˜ื’ืจืืœื™ืช. ื–ื” ืชื—ื•ื ืฉืžื›ื™ืœ ื”ื›ื™ ื”ืจื‘ื” ืืžื™ืชื•ืช ืฉื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื”ื›ื™ืœ. ืื™ื ื˜ื’ืจืืœื™ ืคื™ืจื•ืฉื• ‘ืœื”ื›ื™ืœ’, ืžืœืฉื•ืŸ ‘ื”ืชื›ืœืœื•ืช’ โ€“ ืœื”ื›ื™ืœ ื”ื›ื™ ื”ืจื‘ื” ืืžืช ืฉืืคืฉืจ. ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ืื ื™ ื‘ื•ื—ืจ ืขืžื“ื” ื•ืื•ืžืจ ืฉื”ื™ื ืืžื™ืชื™ืช ื•ืžืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ื” ืœื ื’ื— ืืช ืฉืืจ ื”ืขืžื“ื•ืช. ืœืžืฉืœ, ื‘ืขื•ืœื ื”ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™, ื”ืงื•ื ืกืจื‘ื˜ื™ื‘ื™ ื”ื•ื ื ื’ื“ ื”ืื•ืจืชื•ื“ื•ืงืกื™ื” ื•ื”ืจืคื•ืจืžื™ื ื•ื›ื•’. ื™ื”ื“ื•ืช ืื™ื ื˜ืจื’ืจื˜ื™ื‘ื™ืช ืคื™ืจื•ืฉื” ืœื”ื›ื™ืœ ืืช ื”ืืžืช ื”ืืžื™ืชื™ืช ื”ืขืžื•ืงื” ืฉืœ ื›ืœ ื”ื–ืจืžื™ื ื•ืœื™ืฆื•ืจ ื–ืจื ื—ื“ืฉ. ื•ืื•ืœื™ ื’ื ืœื”ื›ื™ืœ ืืžื™ืชื•ืช ืื™ื ื˜ื’ืจืœื™ื•ืช ืžื“ืชื•ืช ืฉื•ื ื•ืช ื ื•ืกืคื•ืช. ื›ืœื•ืžืจ, ื–ื”ื• ื ื™ืกื™ื•ืŸ ืœืจืื•ืช ืืช ื”ืืžื™ืชื•ืช ืฉืœ ื›ืœ ืžืขืจื›ืช ื‘ืขื•ืœื ื•ืœื™ืฆื•ืจ ืžื–ื” ืกื™ื ืชื–ื” ืฉืชื™ืฆื•ืจ ืจืื™ื™ืช ืขื•ืœื ืžืงื™ืคื” ืฉืชื•ืœื™ื“ ืžืฉื”ื• ื—ื“ืฉ.

ืื™ื ื˜ื’ืจื˜ื™ integrity โ€“ ื™ื•ืฉืจื”, ื–ื” ืงืจื•ื‘ ืœ’ืื™ื ื˜ื’ืจืืœ’. ื›ืœื•ืžืจ, ื›ื›ืœ ืฉืื ื™ ืžืกื•ื’ืœ ืœื”ื›ื™ืœ ื™ื•ืชืจ ื—ืœืงื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืืžืช, ืชื”ื™ื” ืœื™ ืคื—ื•ืช ืžื—ืœื•ืงืช. ืžื—ืœื•ืงืช ืคื™ืจื•ืฉื” ืฉื™ืฉ ื’ื‘ื•ืœ, ื™ืฉ ืืžืช ืฉืœื™ ื•ืืžืช ืฉืœืš, ื™ืฉ ื’ื‘ื•ืœ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืืžื™ืชื•ืช ื•ื”ืžืœื—ืžื” ืžืชื—ื™ืœื” ืœื’ื‘ื™ ื”ืฉืืœื” ื”ื™ื›ืŸ ื”ื’ื‘ื•ืœ.

ืื ื• ืžื™ื™ืกื“ื™ื ื™ื”ื“ื•ืช ืื™ื ื˜ื’ืจืืœื™ืช, ืื‘ื•ืœื•ืฆื™ื” ืžืชื•ืš ื”ืžืงื•ืจื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ื™ื”ื“ื•ืช ืขืฆืžื”, ืฉืฉื ื™ื”ื™ื” ืžืงื•ื ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืœื”ืœื›ื”, ืœื”ื‘ื ื•ืช ืžื™ืกื˜ื™ื•ืช, ืœืชืคื™ืกื•ืช ืฉื‘ืื•ืช ืžื›ืœ ื”ื–ืจืžื™ื ื‘ื™ื”ื“ื•ืช, ืฉืขื•ืฉื™ื ืœื”ืŸ ืื™ื ื˜ื’ืจืฆื™ื” ื•ื™ื•ืฆื ืžืฉื”ื• ืื—ืจ ืœื—ืœื•ื˜ื™ืŸ, ื•ื™ื”ื™ื” ื’ื ืžืงื•ื ืœืืžื™ืชื•ืช ื‘ืกื™ืกื™ื•ืช ืฉื ื•ื‘ืขื•ืช ืžื›ืœ ืžืขืจื›ื•ืช ื”ื™ื“ืข ื”ืขืžื•ืง ื‘ืขื•ืœื.
ื›ื“ื™ ืฉืชื”ื™ื” ืœื ื• ื™ื•ืฉืจื”, ื ืฆื˜ืจืš ืœืœื›ืช ืฉืœื‘ ืื—ืจ ืฉืœื‘ ื•ืœื‘ื ื•ืช ืืช ื”ืชืคื™ืกื” ื”ื–ื•, ื•ืœื”ื‘ื™ืŸ ืขืงืจื•ื ื•ืชื™ื”.

ื–ื” ื™ื”ื™ื” ื“ืจืš ืžืคื’ืฉ ืขื ื”ื•ื’ื” ืžื•ื“ืจื ื™ ืื™ื ื˜ื’ืจืืœื™, ืคื™ืœื•ืกื•ืฃ ืฉืœ ื”ืชืคื™ืกื” ื”ื–ื•, ืงืŸ ื•ื•ื™ืœื‘ืจ. ื”ื•ื ืขื•ืกืง ื‘ืคืจื•ื™ื™ืงื˜ ืฉื“ื•ืžื” ืœืคืจื•ื™ื™ืงื˜ ื”ื’ื ื™ื, ืฉืžื ืกื” ืœื”ื‘ื™ืŸ ืืช ื›ืœ ืžืขืจื›ื•ืช ื”ื’ื•ืฃ ื•ืœื”ื‘ื™ืŸ ืžื˜ืจืชื. ื•ื•ื•ื™ืœื‘ืจ ืขื•ืกืง ื‘ืคืจื•ื™ื™ืงื˜ ืฉืœ ื”ืจื•ื—, ื”ืžื•ื“ืขื•ืช โ€“ ื ื™ืกื™ื•ืŸ ืžืงื™ืฃ ืœืžืคื•ืช ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ื™ื“ืข ื‘ืขื•ืœื, ืœืฉืจื˜ื˜ ืœืืŸ ืคื ื™ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืจื•ื— ื”ืžืชืคืชื—ืช, ื•ื‘ืขืฆื โ€“ ืฉืœ ื”ืืœื•ื”ื•ืช. ืœืืŸ ืคื ื™ ื”ืืœื•ื”ื™ื ืคื•ื ื™ื. ื”ื ื—ืช ื”ื™ืกื•ื“ ื”ื™ื, ืฉื”ืืœื•ื”ื•ืช ืžืชืคืชื—ืช ื•ื”ื™ื ืžืชื’ืœื” ื›ื™ื•ื ืœื ื›ืคื™ ืฉื”ืชื’ืœืชื” ืœืคื ื™ 2000 ืฉื ื”. ื”ืืœ ืฉื”ืชื’ืœื” ื‘ืกื™ื ื™ ืžื’ืœื” ื”ื™ื•ื ื”ืจื‘ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ. ื”ืืœ ื”ื–ื” ื”ืชืคืชื— ืื™ื›ืฉื”ื• ื‘ืชื•ืš ืขืฆืžื•. ื–ื• ืชืคื™ืกื” ื‘ืกื™ืกื™ืช ื‘ืกืคืจ ื”ื–ื•ื”ืจ. ื”ื•ื ืžืชืคืชื— ื•ืžืชื’ืœื” ืžืชื•ืš ืขืฆืžื• ื‘ื›ืœ ื“ื•ืจ. ื•ืื ืื ื™ ืจื•ืฆื” ืœื”ื‘ื™ืŸ ืืช ื”ื”ืชืคืชื—ื•ืช ื”ื–ื• ืฉืœ ื”ืืœื•ื”ื•ืช ืžืฉืš ื”ื“ื•ืจื•ืช, ืื ื™ ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื ืกื•ืช ืœืฉืจื˜ื˜ ืืช ื”ืงื•ื•ื™ื ื”ื›ืœืœื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืชืคืชื—ื•ืช ื”ืจื•ื—.

ื ื ื™ื—, ืฉืœื›ืœ ืชื—ื•ื ื™ืฉ ืชื•ื‘ื ื•ืช ื‘ืกื™ืกื™ื•ืช โ€“ ืœืœืฉื•ืŸ, ืœืฉืคื”, ืœื‘ื™ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื”, ืœื‘ื•ื“ื”ื™ื–ื ื•ื›ื•’. ื•ื ื ื™ื— ืฉื”ื™ื™ื ื• ืžื•ืฆื™ืื™ื ืืช ื”ืชื•ื‘ื ื•ืช ื”ื‘ืกื™ืกื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื›ืœ ื”ืชื—ื•ืžื™ื ื‘ืขื•ืœื ืžืชื•ืš ื ื™ืกื™ื•ืŸ ืœืžืคื•ืชื ื•ืœืืคื™ื™ืŸ ืืช ื”ืงื•ื•ื™ื ื”ืคื ื™ืžื™ื™ื ื•ืœื—ื‘ืจ ื‘ื™ื ื™ื”ื, ื•ืžืชื•ืš ื—ื™ื‘ื•ืจ ื–ื” ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืœืžืคื” ื’ื“ื•ืœื” ืฉืœ ื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ื”ืจื•ื—, ืœืืŸ ืื ื• ื”ื•ืœื›ื™ื.

ืื ื• ืจื•ืฆื™ื ืœื”ื‘ื™ืŸ ืืช ืžืงื•ืžื” ืฉืœ ื”ื™ื”ื“ื•ืช ื‘ืชื•ืš ื”ืชืคืชื—ื•ืช ื”ืจื•ื—, ืœื‘ื“ื•ืง ืžื”ื™ ืชืจื•ืžืช ื”ื™ื”ื“ื•ืช ืœื”ืชืคืชื—ื•ืช ื”ืจื•ื— ื”ื–ื•. ืœืžืฉืœ ืžื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืขืœ ืžื“ื™ื˜ืฆื™ื”, ื•ื™ืฉ ื›ืืœื• ื‘ืงื‘ืœื”, ืืš ื–ื” ืœื ื”ืชื—ื•ื ื”ืขื™ืงืจื™ ืฉืœ ื”ื™ื”ื“ื•ืช. ื–ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉื™ื™ืš ืœื‘ื•ื“ื™ื”ื–ื. ื”ื’ื ืฉื™ืฉ ืžื“ื™ื˜ืฆื™ื” ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ืช ื•ื™ืฉ ืžื“ื™ื˜ืฆื™ื” ื‘ื•ื“ื”ื™ืกื˜ื™ืช.
ื”ืจื•ื— ื”ื™ื ืกื™ืžืคื•ื ื™ื” ืฉื™ืฉ ื‘ื” ื”ืจื‘ื” ื›ืœื™ื ื•ื›ืœ ืžืขืจื›ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืจื•ื— ืฆืจื™ื›ื” ืœื“ืขืช ืœื ื’ืŸ ื‘ื›ืœื™ ื”ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ื™ ืฉืœื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœื ื’ืŸ ื‘ื›ืœื™ ืฉืœื”. ื›ืš ื’ื ื”ื›ืœื™ ื”ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ – ืขืœื™ื™ ืœื”ื‘ื™ืŸ ืืช ื”ืžื•ืกื™ืงื”, ืืช ื”ืกื™ืžืคื•ื ื™ื” ื•ื›ืš ืœื”ื‘ื™ืŸ ืืช ื”ื“ืจืš ื”ืจื•ื—ื ื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืขื•ืœื ื”ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ ื•ืžื“ื•ืข ื”ื™ื ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ืช ืœื”ืชืคืชื—ื•ืช ื”ื›ืœืœื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืจื•ื—.

ื”ื“ืจืš ืฉื ืขืฉื” ื–ืืช ืชื”ื™ื” ืงื•ื“ื ื›ืœ ื“ืจืš ืกืคืจื™ื• ืฉืœ ื•ื•ื™ืœื‘ืจ ื›ื‘ืกื™ืก.
ื ืชื—ื™ืœ ืขื sex, ecology & spiritually (ืกืคืจ ืฉืขื•ืกืง ื‘ื”ืืจื”), ื•ืื—ืจ ื›ืš ืกืคืจื™ื ื ื•ืกืคื™ื. ื‘ืขื‘ืจ ื”ืจืžื‘”ื ืคื’ืฉ ืืช ื”ืคื™ืœื•ืกื•ืคื™ื” ืฉืœ ืืจื™ืกื˜ื•, ื›ื™ื•ื ืื™ืŸ ื“ื• ืฉื™ื— ืฉืœ ื”ืขื•ืœื ื”ืขื‘ืจื™ ื”ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ ืขื ื”ื—ืฉื™ื‘ื” ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ืฉื‘ืขื•ืœื. ื”ืฉืืœื” ื”ื™ื ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืื ื™ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื›ื ืก ืœืขื•ืžืง ื”ื”ืชื’ืœื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ื›ื™ ืขืžื•ืงื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืขื•ืœื ื›ื™ื•ื ื•ืœื”ื‘ื™ืŸ ืžื” ื”ื”ืคืจื™ื” ื”ื”ื“ื“ื™ืช ืขื ื”ื™ื”ื“ื•ืช ื•ื”ืชืคื™ืกื•ืช ื”ืืœื• ื•ืžื” ื”ืžื—ืœื•ืงืช ื•ืื™ืš ื™ื•ืฆืจื™ื ืžื›ืš ืื™ื ื˜ื’ืจืฆื™ื”.

ืจื•ื‘ ื”ืื ืฉื™ื ืžื‘ื–ื‘ื–ื™ื ื—ื™ื™ื”ื ื‘ืชื•ืš ื”ืžืขืจื” ื‘ื—ื•ืฉืš (ืืคืœื˜ื•ืŸ). ืื™ืŸ ื‘ื›ืš ืจืข (ื‘ื›ืš ืขื•ืกืง ืกืจื˜ ‘ื”ืžื˜ืจื™ืงืก’), ืืš ืžืฉื ืื™ ืืคืฉืจ ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืœื”ืืจื”, ื”ื™ืฆื™ืื” ืžืŸ ื”ืžืขืจื” ืžื‘ื™ืื” ืœืื•ืจ, ืœืจืื•ืช ืืช ื”ืชื‘ื ื™ื•ืช ื”ื‘ืกื™ืกื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืžืฆื™ืื•ืช ืฉืœืคื™ื”ืŸ ืื ื™ ื—ื™. ื–ื” ืงืฉื” ืืš ืืคืฉืจื™.
ืื ื• ืœื ื”ื•ืœื›ื™ื ืœืœืžื“ ืืช ื•ื•ื™ืœื‘ืจ, ืืš ื ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ืชืคื™ืกื•ืช ืฉืœื• ื›ื“ื™ ืฉื“ืจื›ืŸ ื ื’ื™ืข ืœืชืคื™ืกื•ืช ื”ื™ืกื•ื“ ืฉืœ ื”ืขื•ืœื ื”ืจื•ื—ื ื™ ื”ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ ื•ื ื•ื›ืœ ืœืจืื•ืช ืžื” ืžืงื•ืžืŸ ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ืื™ื ื˜ื’ืจืืœื™ืช.

ืื ื• ื ื’ื“ื™ืจ ืชืคื™ืกื•ืช ื”ืžื•ื‘ื™ืœื•ืช ืืœ ื”ื”ืืจื”.
ื ืœืžื“ ืžื”ื™ ื”ื‘ื ืช ื”ื™ื”ื“ื•ืช ืœ’ื”ืืจื”’. ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืœื›ืš ืื ื™ ืฆืจื™ืš ืœืจืฆื•ืช ื‘ื›ืš ื‘ื›ืœ ืœื‘ื‘ื™ ื•ื‘ื›ืœ ื ืคืฉื™ ื•ื‘ื›ืœ ืžืื•ื“ื™. ืื—ืจืช, ืื™ ืืคืฉืจ ืœืขืžื•ื“ ื‘ื–ื”.
ื ื ืกื” ืœื—ืฉื•ืฃ ืืช ื”ืชื‘ื ื™ื•ืช ื”ื‘ืกื™ืกื™ื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืžืฆื™ืื•ืช.

ื’ื•ืฃ ืจืืฉื•ืŸ, ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉื ื™, ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉืœื™ืฉื™
ื ืชื—ื™ืœ ืžืชืคื™ืกื” ื‘ืกื™ืกื™ืช ืฉืขื ื™ื™ื ื” ื—ื™ืœื•ืง ื‘ื™ืŸ ื’ื•ืฃ ืจืืฉื•ืŸ, ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉื ื™, ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉืœื™ืฉื™.
ืžื“ื•ื‘ืจ ื‘ืฉืœื•ืฉ ืคืจืกืคืงื˜ื™ื‘ื•ืช ืขื™ืงืจื™ื•ืช ืขืœ ื”ืžืฆื™ืื•ืช:
ืื“ื ืจืืฉื•ืŸ โ€“ ื’ื•ืฃ ืจืืฉื•ืŸ. ื”ืคืจืกืคืงื˜ื™ื‘ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืื ื™, ืื ื™ ื—ื•ื•ื”, ืื ื™ ืจื•ืื”, ืื ื™ ืžืจื’ื™ืฉ. ืœืžืฉืœ, ืžื“ื™ื˜ืฆื™ื” โ€“ ื–ื•ื”ื™ ืคืขื™ืœื•ืช ืฉืœ ื’ื•ืฃ ืจืืฉื•ืŸ. ืื ื™ ืžื ืกื” ืœื—ื•ืฉ ืืช ื”ืื ื™ ืฉืœื™ ืฉืžืชืžื–ื’ ืขื ื”ืึทื™ึดืŸ.
ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉืœื™ืฉื™ โ€“ ืื ื™ ืžืชืืจ ืืช ื”ืžืฆื™ืื•ืช, ื›ืœืœื™ ื”ืคืกื™ื›ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื” ื•ื›ื•’. ืื ื™ ืžื“ื‘ืจ ืขืœ ื”ืžืฆื™ืื•ืช.
ืขื“ ื›ื”, ืžื“ืข ื”ืจื•ื— ืขืกืง ื‘ืื—ื“ ืžื”ืฉื ื™ื™ื ื”ื ”ืœ:
ื”ืคืกื™ื›ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื” โ€“ ื’ื•ืฃ ืจืืฉื•ืŸ. ืื ื™ ื›ืš ื•ื›ืš. ืื ื™ ื›ื–ื” ื•ื›ื–ื”.
ื”ืžื“ืข โ€“ ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉืœื™ืฉื™, ืžืชืืจ ืžืฆื™ืื•ืช ืžื•ืจื›ื‘ืช/ืขืžื•ืงื” ื•ื›ื•’.
ื›ืฉื•ื•ื™ืœื‘ืจ ืžืชืืจ ืืช ื”ื“ืช (ื•ื ื•ืชืŸ ืœื” ืฆื‘ืข ื›ื—ื•ืœ) ื”ื•ื ืžืชืืจ ืื•ืชื” ื‘ืœื™ ืœื”ื™ื›ื ืก ืœืขื•ืžืง ื”ื”ื•ื•ื™ื” ืฉืœื” ื•ืœื”ื‘ื™ื ื”. ื•ืœื›ืŸ ืžืชืืจ ืื•ืชื” ืขืœ ืคื™ ื”ืฆืœ ืฉืœื”, ืคื—ื•ืช ืื• ื™ื•ืชืจ: ืฉื•ื‘ื™ื ื™ืกื˜ื™ืช, ืžื•ืงื™ืขื” ืืช ื”ืกื•ื˜ื” ืžืžื ื” ื•ื›ื•’. ื›ืœื•ืžืจ, ืขื™ืงืจ ืชื™ืื•ืจ ื”’ื›ื—ื•ืœ’, ื”ื“ืช ื”ืงืœืืกื™ืช, ื”ื•ื ืชื™ืื•ืจ ืขืœ ืคื™ ื”ืฆืœ ืฉืœ ื”ื“ืจื’ื” ื”ื–ื•.

ืืš ืื™ืŸ ื‘ื›ืš ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื‘ื™ืŸ ืืช ื”ื—ื•ื•ื™ื” ื”ืคื ื™ืžื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืื™ืฉ ื”ืจื•ื—ื ื™ ืฉื ืžืฆื ื‘ืชื•ืš ื”ืžืขืจื›ืช ืฉืœื•. ื•ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื”ื‘ื™ืŸ ื–ืืช.
ื•ื–ื” ืžืขืœื” ืืช ื”ืฉืืœื” โ€“ ื”ื™ื›ืŸ ื”ื’ื•ืฃ ื”ืฉื ื™? ื‘ืชืคื™ืœื”. ืชืคื™ืœื” ื”ื™ื ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉื ื™. ืชืคื™ืœื” ืžืฉืžืขื” โ€“ ืื ื™ ืžื“ื‘ืจ ืขื ืืœื•ื”ื™ื. ื•ืคืชืื•ื ื•ื•ื™ืœื‘ืจ ื”ื‘ื™ืŸ, ื‘ืขืงื‘ื•ืช ืฉื™ื—ื•ืช ื•ืจืื™ื™ืช ืฉืœื•ืฉ ื”ืคืจืกืคืงื˜ื™ื‘ื•ืช, ืฉื—ืกืจ ื‘ืžืขืจื›ืช ืฉืœื• ืžืฉื”ื• ื—ืฉื•ื‘, ื”ื•ื ื”ื’ื•ืฃ ื”ืฉื ื™. ื”ืชืคื™ืœื” โ€“ ื—ื•ื•ื™ื™ืช ื”ืื“ื ื”ืจื•ื—ื ื™ ืฉื ืžืฆื ื‘ื“ื•-ืฉื™ื— ืขื ื”ืื—ืจ ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ.

ื™ืฉื ื• ืกื™ืคื•ืจ ื‘ื”ืงืฉืจ ื–ื” โ€“ ืจ’ ื™ืฆื—ืง ืžื‘ืจื“ื™ืฆ’ื‘, ืžื™ืกื˜ื™ืงืื™ ืžื“ืจื’ื” ืจืืฉื•ื ื”, ื”ื•ื ื”ื™ื” ื ื•ืŸ-ื“ื•ืืœื™ืกื˜, ื–ื” ื’ื•ืฃ ืจืืฉื•ืŸ, ื”ืื ื™ ืฉืœื™ ื”ื•ื ื—ืœืง ืžื”ืื™ืŸ, ื”ื›ืœ ืื—ื“, ืื™ืŸ ืžืฉื”ื• ืžื—ื•ืฅ ืœืื—ื“, ืื™ืŸ ื“ื•ืืœื™ื•ืช, ื”ื•ื ื”ื‘ื™ืŸ ืฉืื™ืŸ ื“ื•ืืœื™ื•ืช, ืื ื™ ื—ืœืง ืžื”ืื—ื“. ื•ืžืกืคืจื™ื ืขืœื™ื• ืฉื›ืฉื”ื™ื” ืžื‘ืจืš ื‘ืจื›ื” ื”ื™ื” ืžื‘ืจืš :”ื‘ืจื•ืš ืืชื” (!!!!!!!!!), ืืชืชื”ื”ื”ื”ื”ื”ื” !! ” ื•ื–ื” ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉื ื™. ื–ื” ื›ืžื• ืœื”ื•ืฆื™ื ื”ื—ื•ืฆื” ื”ื•ืจืื•ืช ื‘ื‘ื•ื“ื”ื™ื–ื (pointing out instructions).

ื›ืœื•ืžืจ, ื›ืฉื”ืืœ ื ื•ื›ื—, ืื– ื‘ืžื›ื ื™ื–ื ื”ืจื•ื—ื ื™ ื”ื–ื”, ืื ื™ ืคื•ื’ืฉ ืืช ื”’ืืชื”’. ืื ื™ ืœื ื ื›ื ืก ื‘ืžืกืข ืœื”ืชืžื–ื’ื•ืช ืขื ื”ื”ื•ื•ื™ื™ื” (=ื’ื•ืฃ ืจืืฉื•ืŸ), ื›ื™ ื‘ื–ื” ืื™ืŸ ื”ืชืžืจื” ืืžื™ืชื™ืช; ืžื” ืฉื“ืจื•ืฉ ื–ื” ื”ืงืฉืจ ืขื ื”ืื—ืจ ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ, ืขื ื”’ืืชื”’, ืฉื”ื•ื ืคื•ื ื” ืืœื™ื• ื•ื’ื ื ื›ื ืข ืืœื™ื• ื‘ืฉืœื‘ ืžืกื•ื™ื™ื. ื–ื” ืžืขื•ืจืจ ื”ืชื ื’ื“ื•ืช, ื–ื” ืงืฉื”.

ื‘ืชื•ืš ื’ื•ืฃ ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ืžืกืชืชืจ ืื’ื• ื’ื“ื•ืœ, ืื ื™ ืืœื•ื”ื™ื, ืื ื™ ื—ืœืง ืžืืœื•ื”ื™ื ื•ื›ื•’. ืืš ืœืžืขืฉื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื‘ื˜ืœ ืืช ื”ืื’ื•. ื™ืฉ ืžืงื•ื ืœื’ื•ืฃ ืจืืฉื•ืŸ, ืื ื™ ืžืชืžื–ื’ ืขื ื”ืึทื™ึดืŸ ื•ื›ื•’ โ€“ ืืš ืฆืจื™ืš ืืช ืฉืœื•ืฉ ื”ืคืจืกืคืงื˜ื™ื‘ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืžืฆื™ืื•ืช. ืื ื—ืกืจ ืœื™ ืคืŸ ืื—ื“ ืฉืœ ื”ืžืฆื™ืื•ืช, ื—ืกืจื” ืœื™ ื”ื™ื›ื•ืœืช ืœื”ืชืคืชื— ืžื‘ื—ื™ื ื” ืจื•ื—ื ื™ืช. ืงื•ื“ื ืขืœื™ื™ ืœื“ืขืช ืื ื™-ืื™ืŸ, ื•ื–ื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืžื“ื™ื˜ืฆื™ื”, ืฉื”ื™ื ื”ื›ืœื™ ืœืคื ื•ืช ืœืืœื•ื”ื™ื ื‘ื’ื•ืฃ ืจืืฉื•ืŸ โ€“ ืคื ื™ ื”ืืœื•ื”ื™ื ื”ื ื“ืจืš ืžื“ื™ื˜ืฆื™ื”.
ื•ืœืคื ื•ืช ืœืืœื•ื”ื™ื ื‘ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉืœื™ืฉื™ ื–ื” ื“ืจืš ืžื“ืข โ€“ ืžื“ืข ืคื•ืจืžืœื™ ืื• ืงื‘ืœื” โ€“ ืžื“ืข ืฉืžืชืืจ ืืช ื”ืืœื•ื”ื•ืช. ื‘ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉื ื™ ื–ื” ืคื ื™ื™ื” ืœืืœื•ื”ื•ืช ื“ืจืš ืชืคื™ืœื”. ื•ืื ื—ืกืจ ืื—ื“ ืžืืœื• ืื– ื™ืฉ de-facing ืฉืœ ื”ืืœื•ื”ื•ืช. ืงืจื™, ื—ืกืจ ืžืฉื”ื• ื‘ืคื ื™ืžื™ื•ืชื• ืฉืœ ื”ืืœ, ื›ื™ ืื™ืŸ ืœืš ‘ืจื‘ืช-ืคื ื™ื’, ื”ืืœื•ื”ื•ืช ื ื•ื‘ืขืช ืž’ืจื‘ืช ืคื ื™ื’. ื”ื ื™ื• ืื™ื™ื’’ ื”ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ ื‘ืจื— ืžื’ื•ืฃ ืฉื ื™, ื”ืชืžืงื“ ื‘ื’ื•ืฃ ืจืืฉื•ืŸ. ื–ื” ื ื‘ืข ืžื”ื—ืกื™ื“ื•ืช, ืฉื”ืชืขืกืงื” ื”ืจื‘ื” ื‘ื’ื•ืฃ ืจืืฉื•ืŸ, ืืš ื’ื ื‘ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉื ื™. ื•ืœื›ืŸ ื”ืจ’ ืžื‘ืจื“ื™ืฆ’ื‘, ืฉื›ืœ ืžื’ืžืชื• ืœื”ื™ื“ื‘ืง ืืœ ื”ืึทื™ึดืŸ ื“ืจืš ื”ืžื“ื™ื˜ืฆื™ื” ื”ืคื ื™ืžื™ืช ืฉืœื•, ืœื”ืชืขืœื•ืช ืžืขืœ ื’ื‘ื•ืœื•ืชื™ื• ื”ืฆืจื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืื’ื• ื•ืœื”ื™ื›ืœืœ ื‘ืื™ืŸ (ื“ืจืš ืฉืืžื ื™ื–ื ื•ื›ื•’) โ€“ ื”ื•ื ืื•ืžืจ ‘ืืชื”’, ืงืจื™, ืžืกื•ื’ืœ ืœื”ื›ื™ืœ ื‘ื‘ืช ืื—ืช ืืช ื”ื’ื•ืฃ ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ื•ื”ืฉื ื™. ื•ื‘ืืžืฆืข ืžืื” 19 ื”ื•ื ืžื›ื ืก ื‘ื™ืช ืžืฉืคื˜ ื•ืžืขืžื™ื“ ืœืžืฉืคื˜ ืืช ืืœื•ื”ื™ื ! ื•ื”ื•ื ื ื•ืŸ ื“ื•ืืœื™ืกื˜! ื•ืขืœ ืžื”? ืขืœ ื”ืจืขื‘, ืขืœ ื”ื™ืชื•ืžื™ื ื•ื›ื•’. ื™ืฉ ืชื™ืขื•ื“ ืฉืœ ืžืฉืคื˜ ืฉื”ื•ื ืžื ื”ืœ ื ื’ื“ ื”ืืœื•ื”ื™ื. ื‘ื‘ื•ื“ื”ื™ื–ื ืื™ืŸ ื“ื‘ืจ ื›ื–ื”. ื‘ื•ื“ื”ื/ืœืื•-ืฆื” ืœื ืžืขืžื™ื“ ืืช ืืœื•ื”ื™ื ืœื“ื™ืŸ, ื›ื™ ื–ื” ื’ื•ืฃ ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ืื• ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉืœื™ืฉื™, ื•ืื™ืŸ ืฉื ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉื ื™.

ื”ื‘ืขื™ื” ื”ื™ื ืฉื’ื•ืฃ ืฉื ื™ ื”ืคืš ืœ’ืกื ื˜ื” ืงืœืื•ืก’ โ€“ ืงืจื™, ื”ื’ื•ืฃ ื”ืฉื ื™ ื ื”ื™ื” ืžืขื™ืŸ ืกื‘ื ื‘ืฉืžื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ืฉื›ืจ ื•ืขื•ื ืฉ. ื”ืชืคื™ืกื” ืฉืœ ื”ืื—ืจ, ืฉืœ ื”ืฉื ื™, ื”ืคื›ื” ืืคื•ื ืœืคืจื™ืžื™ื˜ื™ื‘ื™ืช: ื ืฉื—ื“ ืืช ื”ืืœื•ื”ื•ืช ื•ื”ื™ื ืชืขืฉื” ืœื™ ื˜ื•ื‘…ื‘ืขื•ื“ ืฉืœืžืขืฉื” ื–ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืขืžื•ืง. ื•ื‘ืขืงื‘ื•ืช ื”ืžืจื“ ืฉืœ ื”ืขื•ืœื ื”ืžืขืจื‘ื™ ื”ืคื•ืกื˜-ืงื ื˜ื™ืื ื™ ื ื’ื“ ื”ืชืคื™ืกื” ื”ืคืจื™ืžื™ื˜ื™ื‘ื™ืช ืฉืœ ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉื ื™, ื ืขืœื ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉื ื™, ื•ื”ืชื—ื™ืœื• ืœื“ื‘ืจ ืจืง ื‘ื’ื•ืฃ ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ื•ืฉืœื™ืฉื™.

ืื ื›ืš, ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉื ื™ ืžืฉืžืขื• โ€“ ืคื ื™ื™ื” ื‘ืœืชื™ ืืžืฆืขื™ืช ืœืืœื•ื”ื•ืช, ื•ื–ื” ื ืงืจื ‘ื™ืฉืจืืœ’, ื™ืฉืจ-ืืœ.
ื”ื™ื”ื“ื•ืช ื“ื•ื’ืœืช ื‘ืชืคื™ืกื” ืฉืœ ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉื ื™. ืืš ืœืชืคื™ืกื” ืฉืœืžื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืืช ืฉืœื•ืฉ ื”ืคืจืกืคืงื˜ื™ื‘ื•ืช.
ื•ื›ืœ ืฉืœื•ืฉ ื”ืคืจืกืคืงื˜ื™ื‘ื•ืช ื”ืืœื” ื ืขื•ืฆื•ืช ื‘ืชื•ื›ื ื•, ื•ืœื›ืŸ ืžืฉืงืคื•ืช ื‘ื—ื™ื ื•ืช ืฉื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืžืฆื™ืื•ืช. ื™ืฉ ืกื•ื’ื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ืžื—ืงืจ ืฉื ื•ื‘ืขื™ื ืžื’ื•ืฃ ืจืืฉื•ืŸ, ื™ืฉ ืžื’ื•ืฃ ืฉื ื™, ื•ื™ืฉ ืžื’ื•ืฃ ืฉืœื™ืฉื™. ื•ื•ื™ืœื‘ืจ ื˜ื•ืขืŸ ืฉืื™ืŸ ืœืžืขืฉื” ืžื—ืœื•ืงืช ื‘ื™ื ื™ื”ื, ืœืžืจื•ืช ืฉื›ืœ ืกื•ื’ื™ ื”ื™ื“ืข ื”ืืœื• ื—ื•ืฉื‘ื™ื ืฉื”ื ื—ืœื•ืงื™ื ื‘ื™ื ื™ื”ื. ืœื“ืขืชื•, ืื™ืŸ ืžื—ืœื•ืงืช ืืœื ืฉื›ืœ ืื—ื“ ื‘ื ืžืคืจืกืคืงื˜ื™ื‘ื” ืื—ืจืช ื•ื›ื•ืœื ืžืฉืœื™ืžื™ื ื–ื” ืืช ื–ื”.

ื›ืฉืขื•ืฉื™ื ืžื“ื™ื˜ืฆื™ื” ื–ื• ื—ื•ื•ื™ื” ืฉื•ื ื” ืžืืฉืจ ืœื™ืžื•ื“ ืขื™ื•ื ื™ ืฉืœ ื˜ืงืกื˜: ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ื–ื” ื”ืชืžื–ื’ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื’ื•ืฃ ืจืืฉื•ืŸ, ื”ืื—ืจื•ืŸ ื–ื” ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉืœื™ืฉื™ ื•ื”ื’ื•ืฃ ื”ืฉื ื™ ื–ื• ืคื ื™ื™ื” ื™ืฉื™ืจื”.
ืœืžืฉืœ, ‘ืื ื™ ืžื•ื“ื˜ ื•ืžืจื’ื™ืฉ ืฉื’ื‘ื•ืœื•ืช ื’ื•ืคื™ ื ืžืกื™ื’ = ื’ื•ืฃ ืจืืฉื•ืŸ.
ื”ื—ืœื•ืงื” ื”ื–ื• ืœืฉืœื•ืฉ ืคืจืกืคืงื˜ื™ื‘ื•ืช ืงื™ื™ืžืช ื‘ืชืคื™ืกื•ืช ืฉื•ื ื•ืช ื‘ืขื•ืœื.
ื‘ืขืฆื, ื™ืฉ ืžื—ืœื•ืงืช ื’ื“ื•ืœื”; ื™ืฉ ื‘ืชื™ ืกืคืจ ืฉืœ I am; ื•ื™ืฉ ื‘ื™”ืก ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™; ื•ื™ืฉ ืืช ื”ืžื“ืข. ื•ื”ื ื—ืœื•ืงื™ื ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ืžื”ื•ืชื™ืช ื–ื” ืžื•ืœ ื–ื”. ื•ื•ื™ืœื‘ืจ ืื•ืžืจ ืฉื‘ืขืฆื ืื™ืŸ ืžื—ืœื•ืงืช ื™ืกื•ื“ื™ืช ื‘ื™ืŸ ืฉืœื•ืฉ ื”ืžื’ืžื•ืช ื”ื™ืกื•ื“ื™ื•ืช ื”ืืœื• ื”ืงื™ื™ืžื•ืช ื›ื™ื•ื ื‘ืขื•ืœื ืชืจื‘ื•ืช ื”ืจื•ื—, ื•ืฉื›ืœ ืื—ืช ืžื”ืŸ ื ื™ื’ืฉืช ืžืคืจืกืคืงื˜ื™ื‘ื” ืื—ืจืช ืฉื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืื—ื“ืŸ ืœืื•ื ื˜ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื” ืื—ืช.

ืฉืœื•ืฉ ื”ืชืคื™ืกื•ืช ื”ืืœื• ื”ืŸ ื—ืœืง ืžืื•ืชื• ืืœ ืื—ื“, ืžืžืฆื™ืื•ืช ืื—ืช, ืืš ืžื”ื•ื•ืช ื”ืกืชื›ืœื•ืช ืฉื•ื ื” ืขืœ ืื•ืชื” ืžืฆื™ืื•ืช. ื•ื–ื” ืžืืคืฉืจ ืœื”ืชื—ื™ืœ ื’ื™ืฉื” ืื™ื ื˜ื’ืจืืœื™ืช, ืฉืžืื—ื“ืช ืืช ื›ืœ ืฉืœื•ืฉ ื”ืคืจืกืคืงื˜ื™ื‘ื•ืช. ื–ื”ื• ื—ื™ื“ื•ืฉ ืขื ืง.

ื”ืชืคื™ืกื” ื”ืคื•ืกื˜-ืžื•ื“ืจื ื™ืกื˜ื™ืช ื’ื•ืจืกืช ืฉื™ืฉ ืจืง ืคืจืกืคืงื˜ื™ื‘ื” ืœืœื ืื•ื ื˜ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื”. ื›ืœื•ืžืจ, ืื™ืŸ ืžืฆื™ืื•ืช, ืื™ืŸ ืื•ื ื˜ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื”. ื™ืฉ ืจืง ืคืจืกืคืงื˜ื™ื‘ื”. ื•ื›ืืŸ ืื•ืžืจื™ื โ€“ ืœื, ื“ื•ื•ืงื ื”ืคืจืกืคืงื˜ื™ื‘ื” ืฉื ืขื•ืฆื” ื‘ืฉื•ืจืฉื™ ื”ืžืฆื™ืื•ืช ื”ื™ื ืื•ื ื˜ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื”. ื•ื•ื™ืœื‘ืจ ื—ื•ืœืง ืขืœ ื”ืคื•ืกื˜-ืžื•ื“ืจื ื™ื–ืฆื™ื” ืฉืื•ืžืจืช ืฉืื™ืŸ ื“ื‘ืจ ืฉืงื™ื™ื ืืœื ืคืจืกืคืงื˜ื™ื‘ื•ืช. ื•ืื•ืžืจ โ€“ ืœื, ื”ืžืฆื™ืื•ืช ืขืฆืžื” ื ื•ื‘ืขืช ืžืคืจืกืคืงื˜ื™ื‘ื•ืช !! ื›ืœื•ืžืจ, ื™ืฉ ืืžืช ืื—ืช ืื™ื ื˜ื’ืจืืœื™ืช ืฉื›ืœื•ืœื” ื‘ืคืจืกืคืงื˜ื™ื‘ื•ืช ื”ืฉื•ื ื•ืช, ื”ืžืฉืงืคืช ืืช ื”ืžืฆื™ืื•ืช.
ื–ื”ื• ื—ื™ื“ื•ืฉ ืขืฆื•ื. ื”ืจื™ ื‘ืชืงื•ืคืช ื”ืชืœืžื•ื“ ืœื ื”ื™ื• ืฉืœื•ืฉ ื”ืคืจืกืคืงื˜ื™ื‘ื•ืช ื”ืืœื”.
70 ืคื ื™ื ืœืชื•ืจื” ืžืชื™ื™ื—ืก ืœ’ืื™ืš ืืชื” ื ื™ื’ืฉ ืœื˜ืงืกื˜’, ืงืจื™, ื”ื˜ืงืกื˜ ื”ื•ื ื“ื‘ืจ ืงื“ื•ืฉ ืฉื™ืฉ ืœื• ‘ืจื‘ืช ืคื ื™ื’; ื–ื” ืœื ืžืชื™ื™ื—ืก ืœืชืจื‘ื•ืช. ืืคืฉืจ ืื•ืœื™ ืœื•ืžืจ ืฉ- 70 ืคื ื™ื ืœืชื•ืจื” ืžืฉืงืคืช ืชืคื™ืกื” ืฉืœ ืคืจืกืคืงื˜ื™ื‘ื•ืช, ืืš ื›ืชืคื™ืกื” ื‘ืœื‘ื“, ื•ืœื ืžื‘ื—ื™ื ื” ืžื”ื•ืชื™ืช.
ื•ื›ืืŸ ื”ืชืคื™ืกื” ื”ื–ื• ืื•ืžืจืช โ€“ ื‘ื•ื ื ื™ืงื— ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ื™ื“ืข ืฉืงื™ื™ื ื‘ืขื•ืœื, ื‘ืชืจื‘ื•ืช, ื•ื ื ืกื” ืœืฉืจื˜ื˜ ืชืžื•ื ื” ืฉืœืžื”. ื•ืœืฉื ื›ืš ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื•ื›ืŸ ืœื”ืชื‘ื˜ืœ ืžืขื˜.
ื ื™ื’ื•ืŸ โ€“ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืขื–ื•ืจ ืœื™ ื‘ื’ื•ืฃ ืจืืฉื•ืŸ, ื”ืชืžื–ื’ื•ืช ืขื ื”ืžืฆื™ืื•ืช, ืื• ื‘ื™ืฆื™ืจืช ืงื”ื™ืœื”, ื•ืื– ื–ื” ื’ื•ืฃ ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ื•ืฉื ื™ ื‘ื™ื—ื“. ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ืคืขื•ืœื” ืื—ืช ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœืฉืžืฉ ืœืžืก’ ืฆืจื›ื™ื. ืœืžืฉืœ, ืชืคื™ืœื” ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉื ื™ ื•ื’ื ื’ื•ืฃ ืจืืฉื•ืŸ, ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื ื™ืกื™ื•ืŸ ืœื”ื™ื“ื‘ืง ืœืื™ืŸ, ื›ืคื™ ืฉื”ื—ืกื™ื“ื™ื ืจืฆื•.
ืœืžืฉืœ, ืœื™ืžื•ื“ ืชื•ืจื” ื–ื” ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉืœื™ืฉื™ โ€“ ืžืชืืจ ืืช ื›ืœืœื™ ื•ื—ื•ืงื™ ื”ืžืฆื™ืื•ืช; ืชื™ืื•ืจ ืื•ืคื™ ื”ืžืฆื™ืื•ืช. ื•ื‘ืื• ื”ืžื™ืกื˜ื™ืงืื™ื ื•ืืžืจื• ืฉื‘ืชื•ืš ืชืœืžื•ื“ ืชื•ืจื” ื™ืฉ ื’ื ืืœืžื ื˜ ืชืคื™ืœื”, ื›ืœื•ืžืจ, ืฉื™ืฉ ื‘ื• ื’ื ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉื ื™.

ืคืจืกืคืงื˜ื™ื‘ื” ืื™ื ื” ืžืงืจื™ืช. ื™ืฉ ื”ืจื‘ื” ืคืจืกืคืงื˜ื™ื‘ื•ืช. ืคืจืกืคืงื˜ื™ื‘ื” ื”ื™ื ืขืฆืžื•ืชื™ืช, ื•ื–ื”ื• ื—ื™ื“ื•ืฉ ืขื ืง. ื”ืคืจืกืคืงื˜ื™ื‘ื” ืฉืœื™ ื”ื™ื ื”ืžืงื•ืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืžืฆื™ืื•ืช ื”ืื•ืœื˜ื™ืžื˜ื™ื‘ื™ืช!! ืงืจื™, ื™ืฉ ืžืฆื™ืื•ืช ืื•ืœื˜ื™ืžื˜ื™ื‘ื™ืช ืฉืžืชื’ืœื™ืช ื“ืจืš ื›ืœ ื”ืžื“ืขื™ื. ื•ื–ื”ื• ื—ื™ื“ื•ืฉ ืขื ืง. ื•ืžื›ืืŸ ืžื‘ื™ื ื™ื ืžื” ื–ื” 70 ืคื ื™ื ืœืชื•ืจื”, ื•ื“ืจืš ื”ืคื ื™ื ื”ืฉื•ื ื•ืช ืื ื™ ืžื’ื™ืข ืœืื•ื ื˜ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื”. ื•ืื ื™ ืžื‘ื™ืŸ ืฉืฆืจื™ืš ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืžื“ื™ื˜ืฆื™ื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืœืจืžื” ืžืกื•ื™ืžืช ืฉืœ ื”ืืจื”. ืืš ื’ื ืœื”ืชืคืœืœ. ื•ื’ื ืœืขืกื•ืง ื‘ืžื“ืข. ื›ื™ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืœื”ืืจื” ืžืฉืžืขื• ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืžืŸ ื”ื—ื•ืฅ ืืœ ื”ืคื ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืžืฆื™ืื•ืช. ื›ืœื•ืžืจ, ื™ืฉ ื›ืืŸ ืฉืจื˜ื•ื˜ ืฉืœ 3 ื ืชื™ื‘ื™ื ืœื”ืืจื”.

ื”ืžื™ืœื” ‘ื”ืืจื”’ ืคื™ืจื•ืฉื”, ืืคื•ื, 3 ื“ื‘ืจื™ื โ€“
– ืžื”ืคื›ื” ืžื“ืขื™ืช, ืจืฆื™ื•ื ืœื™ืช โ€“ ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉืœื™ืฉื™.
– ืžื“ื™ื˜ืฆื™ื” โ€“ ื’ื•ืฃ ืจืืฉื•ืŸ.
– ืชืคื™ืœื” โ€“ ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉื ื™.
ืžื›ืืŸ, ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื•ืืจ ืขืœื™ื™ ืœืขืฉื•ืช practice ื‘ืฉืœื•ืฉ ื”ื“ืจื›ื™ื ื”ื ”ืœ, ื‘ืฉืœื•ืฉืช ื”ื’ื•ืคื™ื ื”ื ”ืœ, ืื—ืจืช ืœื ืื’ื™ืข ืœื”ืืจื”.

ื•ื•ื™ืœื‘ืจ ืžื“ื‘ืจ ืขืœ 4 ืจื‘ืขื™ื ืฉื”ื ื‘ืขืฆื ืฉืœื•ืฉ ื”ืคืจืกืคืงื˜ื™ื‘ื•ืช ื”ื ”ืœ: ื”ื—ื•ื•ื™ื” ื”ืคื ื™ืžื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืื™ื ื“ื™ื‘ื™ื“ื•ืืœ โ€“ ืื™ืš ืื ื™ ืจื•ืื” ืืช ื”ืขื•ืœื ื•ืื™ืš ืื ื™ ืžืจื’ื™ืฉ ื›ืฉืื ื™ ืžื•ื“ื˜ ื•ื–ื” ื’ื•ืฃ ืจืืฉื•ืŸ. ื•ื›ืŸ โ€“ ื“ืจืš ื”ื’ื™ืฉื” ื”ืžื“ืขื™ืช, ื’ื ืฉืœ ื”ื™ื—ื™ื“ ื•ื’ื ืฉืœ ื”ืžืขืจื›ื•ืช, ื•ื–ื” ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉืœื™ืฉื™. ื•ืคืจืกืคืงื˜ื™ื‘ื” ืฉืœื™ืฉื™ืช ื”ื™ื ‘ืื ื—ื ื•’, ืžืขืจื›ื•ืช ื™ื—ืกื™ื, ืื ื™-ืืชื”, ื–ื” ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉื ื™. ื•ื”ืจื•ื— ื ืขื” ื‘ืฉืœื•ืฉืชื.

“ืฉืžืข ื™ืฉืจืืœ ื”’ ืืœื•ื”ื™ื ื• ื”’ ืื—ื“” โ€“ ื’’ ืคื ื™ ื”ืžืฆื™ืื•ืช ื–ื” ื”’ ืื—ื“. ื•ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืœืื—ื“ ืื ื™ ื—ื™ื™ื‘ ืืช ืฉืœื•ืฉืชื.
ื•ื‘ืžืฉืš ื”ืฉื ื” ื ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืžื’ื•ืฃ ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ืœืฉื ื™ ื•ืœืฉืœื™ืฉื™, ื•ื—ื–ืจื”. ืขื“ ืฉื ื‘ื™ืŸ ืฉืชืจื’ื•ืœื™ื ืืœื• ืคื•ืชื—ื™ื ืœื ื• ืขื•ืœืžื•ืช ืฉืœืžื™ื.
ืืžื ื•ืช ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ืžืฉื•ื™ื›ืช ืœื’ื•ืฃ ืจืืฉื•ืŸ, ืžืฉื•ื ืฉื™ืฉ ืœื” ื”ืกืชื›ืœื•ืช ืกื•ื‘ื™ื™ืงื˜ื™ื‘ื™ืช ืขืœ ื”ืžืฆื™ืื•ืช. ื–ื” ืœื ื ื™ืกื™ื•ืŸ ืœืชืืจ ืžืฆื™ืื•ืช ืื•ื‘ื™ื™ืงื˜ื™ื‘ื™ืช ืขืœ ืคื™ ื›ืœืœื™ ืžืขืจื›ื•ืชื™ื” (=ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉืœื™ืฉื™) ืืœื ืชื™ืื•ืจ ืžืžืงื•ื ืกื•ื‘ื™ื™ืงื˜ื™ื‘ื™.

ื”ืื ื™ืฉ ื”ื™ืจืจื›ื™ื” ื›ืœืฉื”ื™ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืคืจืกืคืงื˜ื™ื‘ื•ืช? ืœื, ื”ืŸ ื‘ืžื™ื“ื” ืฉื•ื•ื” ืžื’ืœื•ืช ืืช ื”ืืœื•ื”ื•ืช. ื•ืื ืื—ืช ื—ืกืจื” โ€“ ื–ื” ืœื ืงื•ืจื”, ื—ืกืจ ืžืฉื”ื• ื‘ืืœื•ื”ื•ืช.
ืœืžืฉืœ โ€“ ืจืคื•ืื”: ื›ื“ื™ ืœืจืคื ืžื™ืฉื”ื• ืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืืช ืฉืœื•ืฉ ื”ืคืจืกืคืงื˜ื™ื‘ื•ืช. ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ื—ืฉื‘ื ื• ื‘ืจืคื•ืื” ื”ืžื•ื“ืจื ื™ืช ื‘ืžืืชื™ื™ื ื”ืฉื ื” ื”ืื—ืจื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืœืจืคื ื–ื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืžื“ืข (ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉืœื™ืฉื™), ื›ืœื•ืžืจ, ืœืชืืจ ืืช ื”ืื“ื ื›ืžื• ืื•ื‘ื™ื™ืงื˜, case. ื‘ืขืงื‘ื•ืช ื”ืคื™ื›ืช ื”ืื“ื ืœื’ื•ืฃ ืฉืœื™ืฉื™ ื”ืžื“ืข ืื›ืŸ ืขืฉื” ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ื’ื“ื•ืœื™ื ืฉืœื•ืœื ื”ื•ื ืœื ื”ื™ื” ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืœื–ื” ื›ืฉืขืกืงื•, ืœืžืฉืœ, ื‘ื—ื˜ื ื•ื‘ืขื•ื•ืŸ ื•ื‘ื›ืฉืคื™ื ื•ื›ื•’. ื•ื”ื™ื•ื ืื ื• ื ื”ื ื™ื ืžื”ื™ืฉื’ื™ื ืืœื•. ืืš ืคืชืื•ื ื”ื‘ื ื•, ืฉืœื’ื•ืฃ ื”ื‘ืฉืจ ื”ื–ื” ื™ืฉ ืฉื, ื•ื“ื•ื•ืงื ื”ืžื“ืข ืขืฆืžื•, ืฉืœ ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉืœื™ืฉื™, ื”ืชื—ื™ืœ ืžื—ืงืจื™ื ื•ืจืื” ืฉืื ื”ืจื•ืคื ื ื›ื ืก ื•ืฉื•ืืœ ื‘ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉื ื™ ืืช ื”ื—ื•ืœื” ‘ืžื” ืฉืžืš’ ืื– ื”ื—ื•ืœื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ืชืจืคื ื‘ื™ืชืจ ืงืœื•ืช. ืžื“ื•ืข? ื–ื” ืœื ืžื”ืžื–ืจื—. ื–ื” ื ืœืžื“ ืžืžื—ืงืจ ืจืคื•ืื™ ื ื˜ื•, ืžืชืคื™ืกื” ื“ื™ืืœื•ื’ื™ืช. ื•ืื– ื”ืชืงื“ืžื• ืขื•ื“ ื•ืืžืจื•, ืฉื”ืฆื•ืจื” ื‘ื” ืื“ื ื—ื•ื•ื” ืืช ืขืฆืžื•, ื—ื•ื•ื™ื™ืชื• ื”ืขืฆืžื™ืช ืžื‘ื—ื™ื ื” ืจืคื•ืื™ืช, ืžืฉื ื” ืœื—ืœื•ื˜ื™ืŸ ืืช ื™ื›ื•ืœืชื• ืœื”ื™ืจืคื, ื•ื–ื” ื’ื•ืฃ ืจืืฉื•ืŸ. ื›ืœื•ืžืจ, ื”ืจืคื•ืื” ืœืžื“ื” ืื˜ ืื˜ ืฉืื™ ืืคืฉืจ ืœืจืคื ื‘ืœื™ ืฉืœื•ืฉ ื”ืคืจืกืคืงื˜ื™ื‘ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืืœื•ื”ื•ืช. ื•ื”ื™ื›ื•ืœืช ืฉืœื ื• ืœืฆืืช ืžืŸ ื”ืžืขืจื” ืืœ ื”ืื•ืจ, ืœื—ืชื•ืจ ืœื”ืืจื”, ื”ืจื‘ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืงืœื•ืฉื” ืื ืื™ื ื™ ืžืกื•ื’ืœ ืœื”ืคืขื™ืœ ื’ื•ืฃ ืจืืฉื•ืŸ, ืฉื ื™ ื•ืฉืœื™ืฉื™. ื›ืš ืœืžืฉืœ ืืคืฉืจ ืœื”ืชื—ื™ืœ ืืช ื”ืžื“ื™ื˜ืฆื™ื” ื‘ืฉืชื™ืงื” (ื’ื•ืฃ ืจืืฉื•ืŸ), ืœืขื‘ื•ืจ ืœื ื™ื’ื•ืŸ (ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉื ื™) ื•ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืœืœื™ืžื•ื“ ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉืœื™ืฉื™, ื•ื—ื•ื–ืจ ื—ืœื™ืœื”, ื‘ื‘ื—ื™ื ืช “ื•ื”ื—ื™ื•ืช ืจืฆื ื•ืฉื•ื‘”.

ืงืŸ ื•ื•ื™ืœื‘ืจ ืœื ืจื•ืื” ืขืฆืžื• ื›ื”ื•ื’ื” ืžืงื•ืจื™ ืฉื‘ื ืœืงื‘ื•ืข ืชืคื™ืกื” ื—ื“ืฉื”. ื”ื•ื ืจื•ืื” ืขืฆืžื• ื›ืื“ื ืฉืžื ืกื” ืœืืกื•ืฃ ื•ืœืฉืจื˜ื˜ ืืช ืžืงื•ืžื” ืฉืœ ื”ืจื•ื— ื‘ืขื•ืœื, ื‘ื“ื•ืจ ื”ื–ื”. ื–ื” ื›ืžื• ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืกื“ืจ. ื”ืจื•ื— ื”ื’ื™ืขื” ืœืžืงื•ื ืžืกื•ื™ื ื‘ื“ื•ืจ ื”ื–ื”. ืฆืจื™ืš ืœืงืจื•ื ื”ืžื•ืŸ ื•ืœื—ื•ื•ืช ื”ืžื•ืŸ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื“ืขืช ื”ื™ื›ืŸ ืื ื• ื ืžืฆืื™ื, ืœืžืคื•ืช. ื›ืžื• ืฉืขืฉื• ื”ืจืžื‘”ื, ืืจื™ืกื˜ื•; ื•ื›ืืŸ ืื ื• ืžื ืกื™ื ืœืจืื•ืช ืืช ื”ืชืคื™ืกื” ื”ืขื‘ืจื™ืช ื”ืขืžื•ืงื” ื•ืœื”ืคื’ื™ืฉ ืื•ืชื” ืขื ื”ืžืงื•ื ืฉื”ืจื•ื— ื”ืžื•ื“ืจื ื™ืช ื ืžืฆืืช ื”ื™ื•ื, ื•ื‘ืžืคื’ืฉ ื”ื–ื” ืื ื• ื ื‘ื™ืŸ ืืช ื›ืœ ืื—ืช ืžื”ืชืคื™ืกื•ืช ื”ืœืœื• ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืื™ื ื˜ื’ืจื˜ื™ื‘ื™.

ืžืกื™ืจื•ืช ื ืคืฉ, ืฆื ื™ืขื•ืช, ืชืฉื•ืงื” ืืžื™ืชื™ืช โ€“ ืœื‘ื•ื ืขื ืืœื• ืœืœืžื™ื“ื”.

ื™ืฉ ื›ื™ื•ื ืชืคื™ืกื” ืฉืœ ื”ืืจื” ื”ืชืคืชื—ื•ืชื™ืช (evolutionary enlightenment) (ืื ื“ืจื• ื›ื”ืŸ); ื™ืฉ ื”ืชืคืชื—ื•ืช. ืœืžืฉืœ, ื“ืืจื•ื•ื™ืŸ ืžื“ื‘ืจ ืขืœ ื”ืชืคืชื—ื•ืช ื‘ืชื—ื•ื ื”ื‘ื™ื•ืœื•ื’ื™. ื•ื–ื” ืžืฉืงืฃ ื’ื™ืฉื” ืœืคื™ื” ื™ืฉ ื”ืชืคืชื—ื•ืช ื‘ื›ืœ ื”ืชื—ื•ืžื™ื, ืœืจื‘ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืืœ, ืฉืœ ื”ืชื•ื“ืขื”, ืฉืœ ื”ืจื•ื—. ื•ื‘ืชื•ืจืช ื”ื–ื•ื”ืจ, ื”ืชืคืชื—ื•ืช ื”ืืœ ื–ื” ื”ืกื•ื“ ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ. ืžื” ืฉื”ื™ื•ื•ื” ืžื—ืœื•ืงืช ืžื•ืœ ื”ืจืžื‘”ื.
ืื“ื•ื•ื™ื™ื˜ื” โ€“ ืืชื” ืขื•ืฉื” ืžื“ื™ื˜ืฆื™ื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืชืžื–ื’ ืขื ื”ืื™ืŸ, ื•ืืชื” ื ืฉืืจ ืฉื, ื•ื–ื” ื”ื“ื‘ืจ ื”ื›ื™ ื—ืฉื•ื‘. ื”ืฉืืจ ืœื ืžืขื ื™ื™ืŸ.
ืืš ื‘ื™ื”ื“ื•ืช ื–ื” ื”ืคื•ืš โ€“ ื‘ืจื’ืข ืฉื”ื’ืขืช ืœื”ืืจื”, ืื›ืคืช ืœืš ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžื›ืœ. ืืชื” ืžืฆื˜ืขืจ ื‘ืฆืขืจ ื”ืฉื›ื™ื ื”.

ืื ื• ืœื ืœื•ืžื“ื™ื ื›ืืŸ ืืช ืงืŸ ื•ื•ื™ืœื‘ืจ. ืื ื• ืœื•ืžื“ื™ื ืงื‘ืœื” ืื™ื ื˜ื’ืจืืœื™ืช.ืจืื™ื™ื” ืจื—ื‘ื”. ื ื™ืกื” ืœื”ื•ืฆื™ื ืžื’ืžื•ืช ื›ืœืœื™ื•ืช ืžื›ืœ ื”ืชื—ื•ืžื™ื ื”ืฉื•ื ื™ื, ื•ืœืจืื•ืช ืžื”ื™ ื”ืžื’ืžื” ื”ื›ืœืœื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืจื•ื—.

18.9.05
ืื ื• ืœื ื‘ืžืคื’ืฉ ื—ื™ ืขื ื”ืžืงื•ื ืฉื‘ื• ื ืžืฆืืช ื”ืžื—ืฉื‘ื” ื”ืืœื•ื”ื™ืช ื‘ื“ื•ืจื ื•, ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ื™ืชืจ ืžืฉื•ื ืฉืœื ื™ื•ื“ืขื™ื ืื™ืคื” ืœืคื’ื•ืฉ ื–ืืช, ืื™ืš ืœื™ืฆื•ืจ ืฉืคื” ืฉืชืื—ื“ ืืช ืžื™ื˜ื‘ ื”ื”ื’ื•ืช ื”ืคื•ืกื˜-ืคื•ืกื˜ ืžื•ื“ืจื ื™ืช, ืืช ื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ื”ืจื•ื—, ื™ื—ื“ ืขื ืžืงื•ืจื•ืช ื™ืฉืจืืœ. ืœื™ืฆื•ืจ ืฉืคื” ื›ื–ื• โ€“ ื–ื” ืœื ืคืฉื•ื˜.

ืื™ืŸ ื”ื›ื•ื•ื ื” ืœ’ื“ืข ืžื” ืœื”ืฉื™ื‘’. ื–ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืงืจื•ื‘ ืœื›ืš ืฉื”ืจ’ ืงื•ืง ื›ื•ืชื‘ ืฉื”ืืœื•ื”ื•ืช ืžืชื’ืœื” ืžื—ื“ืฉ ื‘ื›ืœ ื“ื•ืจ ื•ื“ื•ืจ, ื•ืœืคื’ื•ืฉ ืืช ื”ืืœื•ื”ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ื“ื•ืจื•ืช ื”ืงื•ื“ืžื™ื ื–ื• ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ื–ืจื”. ื™ืฉ ืืช ื”ืืœื•ื”ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ื“ื•ืจื•ืช ื”ืงื•ื“ืžื™ื, “ืืœื•ื”ื™ ืื‘ื•ืชื™ื ื• ื•ืืžื•ืชื™ื ื•”, ื•ื™ืฉ ืืช ื”ืžืคื’ืฉ ืฉืœื ื• ืขื ื”ืืœื•ื”ื•ืช ื›ืืŸ, ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืงืฉืจ ื—ื™ ื•ืชื•ืกืก ืขื ืืœื•ื”ื™ื ื•. ืื ื™ ืœื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื•ืžืจ ืฉืžื” ืฉื”ื™ื” ื‘ื“ืจื•ื ืฆืจืคืช ื‘ืžืื” ื”- 12 ืื• ื‘ื–ืžืŸ ื”ื–ื•ื”ืจ ื–ื” “ืืœื•ื”ื™ื ื•”, ื›ื™ ื–ื” “ืืœื•ื”ื™ ืื‘ื•ืชื™ื ื•”. ื”ื”ืชื’ืœื•ืช ื”ืืœื•ื”ื™ืช ื‘ื›ืœ ื“ื•ืจ ื”ื™ื ืฉืžืืคืฉืจืช ืœื™ืฆื•ืจ ื—ื™ื™ื ืขืžื•ืงื™ื, ื•ื›ื™ืฆื“ ื”ื™ื ืžืชื’ืœื” ื‘ื“ื•ืจ ืฉืœื ื• โ€“ ื“ืจืš ื”ืžื“ืขื™ื ื”ืฉื•ื ื™ื ื•ื”ืชื™ืื•ืจื™ื•ืช ื”ืฉื•ื ื•ืช. ื•ื‘ื›ืš ื ืขืกื•ืง. ื•ืœื ืขื•ืกืงื™ื ื‘ื–ื” ื›ื™ื•ื ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ื›ื™ ื–ื” ืœื ื™ื“ื•ืข, ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื—ืงื•ืจ ื•ืœื”ื‘ื™ืŸ ืžื” ื”ืžื’ืžื•ืช ื”ืคื ื™ืžื™ื•ืช, ื–ื• ืขื‘ื•ื“ืช ื—ื™ื™ื. ื•ืื– ืœื—ื–ื•ืจ ื•ืœืจืื•ืช ื›ื™ืฆื“ ื”ืฉืคื” ื”ื–ื• ื ืžืฆืืช ื‘ื“ื• ืฉื™ื— ืขื ืžืงื•ืจื•ืช ื™ืฉืจืืœ. ื•ื”ื™ื›ื•ืœืช ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื–ืืช ืžืืคืฉืจืช ืœื ื• ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืœ”ืœืคื ื™ ื”'”, ืœืžืงื•ื ืฉืœ ื”ืืจื”, ‘ืชื•ืจื”’ ืœืฉื•ืŸ ‘ื”ืืจื”’. ื–ื” ืžืืคืฉืจ ืœื ื• ืœืจืคื ืืช ื”ืงืจืข ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืขื•ืœืžื•ืช ื”ืฉื•ื ื™ื. ืื ื• ื ื ืกื” ืœืื—ื•ืช ืงืจืขื™ื ื‘ืจืžื” ื”ืขืœื™ื•ื ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ.

ืจื•ื—ื ื™ื•ืช ื•ื“ืช

ืžื™ ืฉืขื•ืกืง ื›ื™ื•ื ื‘ื—ื™ืคื•ืฉ ื”ืจื•ื—ื ื™ ืœืœื ื”ืคืŸ ื”ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ ื”ื•ื ื ืจืงื™ืกื™ืกื˜. ื›ืœื•ืžืจ, ืขืกื•ืง ื‘ืขืฆืžื™, ื‘ื—ื™ื™, ื‘ืขื•ืžืง ืฉืœื™, ื‘ื—ื™ืคื•ืฉ ืฉืœื™, ื•ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ื‘’ืฉืœื™’. ื–ื”ื• ื ืจืงื™ืกื™ื–ื. ื•ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ โ€“ ืื™ืŸ ืฉื•ื ืขื ื™ื™ืŸ ืœืžื” ืฉืงื•ืจื” ืื—ืจื™ื™, ื‘ื“ื•ืจ ื”ื‘ื. ื‘ืขื•ืœื ื”ืžื•ื“ืจื ื™ ืงื•ืจืื™ื ืœื–ื” ืจื•ื—ื ื™ื•ืช, ื•ืžืคืจื™ื“ื™ื ื–ืืช ืžื“ืช. ืœืžืฉืœ, ืื ื“ืจื• ื›ื”ืŸ ื”ื•ื ืžื•ืจื” ืจื•ื—ื ื™ ื‘ื—ื•”ืœ; ืืš ื‘ืืจืฅ ื™ืฉ ืžืขืจื›ืช ืคื ื™ืžื™ืช, ืชืขื•ื“ืช ื–ื”ื•ืช, ื”ื™ื›ื•ืœืช ืฉืœื ื• ืœืฉื ื•ืช ืืช ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื” ื‘ืื—ืจื™ื•ืช ื•ืœื”ื•ืจื™ืฉ ืžืฉื”ื• ืœื“ื•ืจ ื”ื‘ื, ื–ื” ืืš ื•ืจืง ื“ืจืš ื”ื›ืœื™ื ื”ืคื ื™ืžื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื” ื”ื–ื•. ื–ื” ืœื ืื•ืžืจ ืฉืื™ืŸ ื›ืœื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืœืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ืคื ื™ืžื™ืช, ืœื”ืืจืช ื”ื™ื—ื™ื“, ื‘ืœื™ ืงืฉืจ ืœื™ื”ื“ื•ืช. ืืœื ืžื”? ื”ืฉืืœื” ื”ื™ื ืื ืื ื™ ืžืขื•ื ื™ื™ืŸ ืจืง ื‘ื”ืืจืช ื”ื™ื—ื™ื“. ื›ื™ ื›ื™ื•ื ืžื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืขืœ ื”’ืจื•ื—ื ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœื™’, ืื™ืŸ ื›ืœืœื™ ื”ืชื—ื™ื™ื‘ื•ืช, ืื™ืŸ ืžืขืจื›ืช ืจื™ื˜ื•ืืœื™ืช ืฉืžืืคืฉืจืช ืœื™ ืœื”ืขื‘ื™ืจ ื–ืืช ืœื“ื•ืจ ื”ื‘ื, ืื• ืœืขืฆืžื™ ื›ืฉืื ื™ ื‘ื™ืžื™ื ืงืฉื™ื. ื›ืœื•ืžืจ, ื›ื™ื•ื ืจื•ื—ื ื™ื•ืช ื–ื” ืžืฉื”ื• ืืงืœืงื˜ื™, ืœืœื ื—ื™ื•ื‘ ืœืคืจืงื˜ื™ืก ื™ื•ืžื™ื•ืžื™, ืœืœื ืžื—ื•ื™ื‘ื•ืช ืœืฆื™ื‘ื•ืจ ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื™ื•ืชืจ, ืฉื‘ื• ืื ื™ ื—ื™. ื–ื” ืžื–ื›ื™ืจ ืชื ื‘ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉืžืชื—ื™ืœ ืœื”ืชืจื‘ื•ืช ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ื“ื™ื ืžื™ืช ื‘ืคื ื™ ืขืฆืžื• ื•ืœื ืžืชื—ืฉื‘ ื‘ืื—ืจื™ื โ€“ ืกืจื˜ืŸ.

ืžื” ืงืจื”? ื›ื•ืœื ื• ืžืจื“ื ื• ื‘ื“ืช. ื•ืื ื• ืœื ืžืฆื™ืขื™ื ื—ื–ืจื” ืœื“ืช ื‘ืžื•ื‘ืŸ ืฉืœ ื“ืชื™ ืœืขื•ืžืช ื—ื™ืœื•ื ื™. ืืœื ื–ื• ื”ืฆืขื” ืœืืœื˜ืจื ื˜ื™ื‘ื” ืืžื™ืชื™ืช ืœื“ืช, ืงืจื™, ื”ืžืฉื›ื™ื•ืช, ืžืขืจื›ืช ื›ืœืœื™ื, ืœืฉื‘ื•ืจ ืืช ื”ื ืจืงื™ืกื™ื–ื, ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื—ื•ื™ื‘ ืœืžืฉื”ื• ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืžืžื ื™, ืฉืงืฉื•ืจ ืœื“ื•ืจื•ืช.

ืจื•ื—ื ื™ื•ืช ืžืฉืžืขื” โ€“

1. ืžืคื’ืฉ ืฉืœ ื™ื—ื™ื“ื™ ืกื’ื•ืœื” ืขื ื”ืžืฆื™ืื•ืช ืฉืžืฆืœื™ื—ื™ื ืœื’ืœื•ืช ืืช ืขื•ืžืง ื”ืžืฆื™ืื•ืช. ืžืคื’ืฉ ื–ื” ืžื’ืœื” ืืช ื›ืœืœื™ ื”ืคื ื™ืžื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืžืฆื™ืื•ืช: ืื“ื ืคื•ื’ืฉ ืžืฆื™ืื•ืช, ืžืจื’ื™ืฉ ืฉื™ืฉ ืžืฉื”ื• ืžืขื‘ืจ, ื•ืื– ืžืชืจื’ืœ ื•ืžื’ื™ืข ืœืžืฆื‘ ืฉืœ ื”ืืจื”, ืงืจื™, ื”ื‘ื ื” ืฉื”ื›ืœ ืงืฉื•ืจ ื‘ื”ื›ืœ. ืฉืื™ืŸ ื ื™ืชื•ืง ืื—ื“ ืžื”ืฉื ื™. ืฉื–ื” ืขืœืžื ื“’ื™ื—ื•ื“ื ื•ืœื ืขืœืžื ื“’ืคื™ืจื•ื“ื. ื”ื›ืœ ืžืื•ื—ื“ ื•ืžื™ื•ื—ื“. ื™ืฉ ืื—ื™ื“ื•ืช ืขืžื•ืงื” ื‘ืขื•ืœื. ืื ื™ ืžื‘ื™ืŸ ืฉืื ื™ ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื”ืชื ื”ื’ ื‘ื—ืžืœื” ื•ื‘ืžื•ืกืจื™ื•ืช ื‘ื™ืŸ ืื“ื ืœื—ื‘ืจื•, ื–ื” ืžืขื•ืจืจ ืจืฆื•ืŸ ืœื”ืจื—ื™ื‘ ื–ืืช ืœืขื•ืœื.
2. ืืš ืื™ืš ืžืขื‘ื™ืจื™ื ื”ืืจื” ื–ื• ืœืื—ืจื™ื? ืขื“ ืฉื”ื ืžืฆืœื™ื—ื™ื ืœื”ืขื‘ื™ืจ ื–ืืช ืœืื—ืจื™ื, ื”ื ื™ื•ืฆืจื™ื ื“ืช โ€“ ื“ืช ื”ื™ื ื›ืœื™ ืœื”ืขื‘ื™ืจ ืืžื™ืชื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืืจื” ืœื“ื•ืจื•ืช ื”ื‘ืื™ื ืžื‘ืœื™ ืฉื›ืœ ืื—ื“ ื‘ืชื•ืš ื”ื“ืช ื ื’ืข ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ื‘ืœืชื™ ืืžืฆืขื™ืช ื‘ื—ื•ื•ื™ื™ืช ื”ื”ืืจื”. ืื ื›ืš, ื”ืžื ื™ืข ืฉืœ ื™ืฆื™ืจืช ื“ืช ื”ื•ื ื—ืžืœื”. ืื ื™ ืจื•ืฆื” ืœื™ืฆื•ืจ ื“ืช ื›ื™ ืื ื™ ืžืขื•ื ื™ื™ืŸ ื‘ื›ื•ืœื. ื–ื• ื”ื“ืžื•ืงืจื˜ื™ื–ืฆื™ื” ืฉืœ ื”ื”ืืจื”. ื–ื• ืœื ืชืคื™ืกื” ื ืจืงื™ืกื™ืกื˜ื™ืช. ืื ื™ ืžืขื•ื ื™ื™ืŸ ืฉื›ืœ ืื—ื“ ื™ืงื‘ืœ ื”ืืจื”. ืื ื™ ืžืขื•ื ื™ื™ืŸ ืœืฉืชืฃ ืื—ืจื™ื ื‘ืžื” ืฉื”ื’ืขืชื™. ื“ืช ื›ื•ื•ื ืชื” ืœืฉื“ืจ /ืœื”ื ื—ื™ืœ ืืช ื”ืืžื™ืชื•ืช ืฉื™ื•ืฆืื•ืช ืžื”ืืจื”, ืœืœื ื—ื•ื•ื™ื™ืช ื”ืืจื”. ื•ื™ืฉ ืœื“ืช ืžื’ืžื” ื ื•ืกืคืช โ€“ ื“ืจืš ื”ืจื™ื˜ื•ืืœ ืฉืœื” ืชื”ื™ื” ื”ืชืขื•ืจืจื•ืช ืœืื“ื ืฉืžืงื™ื™ื ืื•ืชื• ืœืื•ืชื• ื–ื™ื›ืจื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ืืจื” ืฉืงื™ื™ื ื‘ืชื•ื›ื•. ื–ื”ื• ื ื™ืกื™ื•ืŸ ืœืขื•ืจืจ ื‘ืื“ื, ื“ืจืš ื”ืจื™ื˜ื•ืืœ, ืืช ื”ื”ืืจื” ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ื‘ืœืชื™ ืืžืฆืขื™. ื–ื•ื”ื™ ื”ืจืžื” ื”ืฉื ื™ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืจื™ื˜ื•ืืœ (ื”ืจืžื” ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื” โ€“ ืืžื™ืชื•ืช ืžื•ืกืจื™ื•ืช, ืขืจื›ื™ื). ืื ื• ืฆืจื™ื›ื™ื ื›ืœืœื™ ืžื•ืกืจ, ืฉื‘ืื™ื ืžื›ืœ ื”ื“ื•ืจื•ืช, ื•ืžืืคืฉืจื™ื ืœื™ ืœื”ืชืžื•ื“ื“ ืขืœ ืคื™ ื›ืœืœื™ ืžื•ืกืจ ื•ื—ืžืœื”. ื–ื•ื”ื™ ื›ื•ื•ื ืช ‘ืชื•ืจื”’ ืœืฉื•ืŸ ‘ื”ื•ืจืื”’. ืืš ‘ืชื•ืจื”’ ื”ื™ื ื’ื ืœืฉื•ืŸ ‘ืœืชื•ืจ’, ืœื—ืคืฉ, ื•ืื– ื™ื•ืฆืื™ื ืœื”ื•ื“ื•… ืืฆืœื ื• ื™ืฉ ืคื™ืฆื•ืœ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืฉื ื™ื™ื, ืžื›ื™ืจื™ื ืจืง ืืช ื”ืคืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ื”ื•ืจืื•ืช, ื”ื”ื ื—ื™ื•ืช. ื”ื“ื•ืจ ืฉืœื ื• ืœื ืžื•ื›ืŸ ืœืงื‘ืœ ืฉืจืง ืงื‘ื•ืฆื” ืฉืœ ื™ื—ื™ื“ื™ ืกื’ื•ืœื” ื™ื”ื™ื• ืžื•ืืจื™ื. ื–ื” ื‘ืขืงื‘ื•ืช ื”ืชืคืชื—ื•ืช ื–ื›ื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ืื“ื, ืžืขื‘ืจ ืžืขื•ืœื ืฉืœ ื™ื—ื™ื“ ืกื’ื•ืœื” ืฉืฉื•ืœื˜ ืœืขื•ืœื ืฉื‘ื• ืœื›ืœ ืื—ื“ ื™ืฉ ืขืžื“ื” ื•ืขืจืš ื•ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“, ื•ืื– ืžืชื—ื™ืœื™ื ืขื ื–ื›ื•ื™ื•ืช ืคื•ืœื™ื˜ื™ื•ืช ื•ื›ื•’. ืืš ื”ื–ื›ื•ืช ื”ื‘ืกื™ืกื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืื“ื ื”ื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื•ืืจ, ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื ื‘ื™ื โ€“ ื‘ืœืฉื•ืŸ ื”ืจืžื‘”ื. ืื ื›ืš, ืžืฉื”ื• ืงืจื” ื‘ืขื•ืœื, ื•ืืช ืžื” ืฉืงืจื” ื”ื“ืช ืœื ืชืคืกื”. ื›ืฉื›ืœ ืžืขืจื›ื•ืช ื™ื—ื™ื“ื™ ืกื’ื•ืœื” ืงืจืกื•, ื“ื•ื•ืงื ื”ื“ืช ื ื•ืชืจื”. ื•ื”ื™ื ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืžืฉื“ืจืช ืฉืจืง ื”ื ื”ื™ื• ืžื•ืืจื™ื ื•ืื ื• ืžืงื‘ืœื™ื ืืช ืชื•ืฆืื•ืช ื”ื”ืืจื” ืฉืœื”ื, ืฉืœ ืื•ืชื ื—ื›ืžื™ื ื’ื“ื•ืœื™ื, ื•ืฉืœื ื• ืื™ืŸ ืกื™ื›ื•ื™ ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืœืžื” ืฉื”ื ื”ื’ื™ืขื•.
3. ืืš ื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ื”ืจื•ื— ื›ืŸ ื ืชืคืก ื“ื•ื•ืงื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืืจืื‘ื™ื ื“ื• ื•ื”ืจื‘ ืงื•ืง, ืœืคื™ื”ื ื”ืืจื” ื ื’ื™ืฉื” ื’ื ืœื›ืœ ืื—ื“, ืœืขืฆืžื™. ื•ื”ืจื•ื—ื ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืฉืœื‘ ื”ืฉืœื™ืฉื™ ืฉืœื” ื”ื™ื ืžืจื“ ืืžื™ืชื™ ื•ืฆื•ื“ืง ื ื’ื“ ื“ืช ืฉืคื™ืฆืœื” ืืช ืขืฆืžื”, ืฉื ืžืฆืืช ื‘ืงืจืข ืขืฆืžื™, ืฉืžื‘ื™ืื” ืจืง ืืช ืฆื“ ื”ื”ื•ืจืื” ื•ืœื ืืช ืฆื“ ื”ืื•ืจ ื•ื”ื—ื™ืคื•ืฉ. ื•ื‘ืฉื ื™ื ื”ืื—ืจื•ื ื•ืช ืจื•ืฆื™ื ืœืžืฆื•ื ืืช ื”ืจื•ื— ืœื ื“ืจืš ื”ื“ืช.
4. ืืš ืฉื›ื—ื• ืืช ื”ืกื™ื‘ื” ืœืงื™ื•ืžื” ืฉืœ ื”ื“ืช, ืืช ื”ืกื™ื‘ื” ืœื›ืš ืฉื”ืจืฆื•ืŸ ื”ืืœื•ื”ื™ ื”ืขืฆื™ื ืขืฆืžื• ื•ื™ืฆืจ ื“ืช ื‘ืขื•ืœื. ืžื” ื”ืกื™ื‘ื”?
a. ื›ื“ื™ ืฉืœื ื ื”ื™ื” ื ืจืงื™ืกื™ืกื˜ื™ื, ืฉื ื•ื›ืœ ืœื”ืขื‘ื™ืจ ื–ืืช ืœื“ื•ืจ ื”ื‘ื. ืœืžืฉืœ, ืื ื™ ืžื‘ื™ืŸ ืขืœ ‘ื—ื•ืคืฉ’ ืžืชื•ืš ืกื“ืจ ืคืกื— ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžื›ืœ ื”ื•ื’ื”. ื–ื” ื ืงืจื ืœื—ื™ื•ืช ืืช ื”ืจื™ื˜ื•ืืœ, ื–ื” ื™ื•ืฆืจ ืขื, ื•ืžื›ื ื™ืก ืœืขื ืžืขืจื›ืช ืขืจื›ื™ืช ื‘ื›ืœ ืขื. ื‘ืžืฉืš ื›ืœ ื“ื•ืจ ื•ื“ื•ืจ ื™ืฉ ืžืขืจื›ืช ืฉื”ื ื—ื™ื• ืฉืžืืคืฉืจืช ืœื”ื ืœื”ืคื ื™ื ื ืงื•ื“ื•ืช ืขืจืš ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ื•ืช. ืืš ื’ื ื–ื” ืœื ืžืกืคื™ืง.
b. ื”ืขื•ืœื ื”ืจื•ื—ื ื™ ื•ื”ืขื•ืœื ื”ื“ืชื™ ืฆืจื™ื›ื™ื ืœื”ืชืื—ื“. ื”ื™ื•ื, 70% ืžื”ืขื•ืœื ืงืฉื•ืจ ืœื“ืช ื–ื• ืื• ืื—ืจืช. ืื™ืŸ ืกื™ื›ื•ื™ ืœืชืงืŸ ืขื•ืœื ืœืœื ื“ืช. ื‘ืœื™ ืœื—ื“ืฉ ืืช ื”ื“ืช ืžืชื•ืš ืขืฆืžื” โ€“ ืื™ืŸ ืกื™ื›ื•ื™. ืฆืจื™ืš ื–ื™ื•ื•ื’ ืคื ื™ืžื™ ืžืชื•ืš ื”ื“ืช ืขืฆืžื” ื•ืœื™ืฆื•ืจ ื“ืช ืฉื”ื™ื ืฉื™ืœื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ืฉื‘ืจื•ื—ื ื™ื•ืช ืœื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ืฉื‘ื“ืช. ื•ื›ืœ ื”ืžื—ืœื•ืงืช ื”ืชืจื‘ื•ืชื™ืช ื‘ื™ืŸ ื“ืช ืœืจื•ื—ื ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืื” ืžื‘ื•ืจื•ืช ื˜ื•ื˜ืืœื™ืช. ืœื ืžื‘ื™ื ื™ื ืืช ืฉื ื™ื”ื. ื•ืœื›ืŸ ื”ื“ื‘ืจ ื”ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœื”ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ื•ื ืฉื”ืžื ื™ืข ืœื“ืช ื”ื™ื” ืื”ื‘ื” ื•ื—ืžืœื”. ื•ืœื›ืŸ ื”ืกื™ืกืžื” ื”ื™ื ืœืฉื—ืจืจ ืืช ื”ื™ื”ื“ื•ืช ืžื”ืžืžืกื“. ืœื›ืŸ , ืœื—ื™ื•ืช ื›ื™ื•ื ื‘ืžื“ื™ื ืช ื™ืฉืจืืœ ื•ืœื•ืžืจ ืฉืื ื™ ืžืขื•ื ื™ื™ืŸ ื‘ื—ื™ืคื•ืฉ ื”ืจื•ื—ื ื™ ืฉืœื™, ื‘ืงื”ื™ืœื” ื”ืžืฆื•ืžืฆืžืช ืฉืœื™, ื–ื” ื ื—ืžื“ ืืš ื–ื” ื ืจืงื™ืกื™ื–ื. ืจื•ื—ื ื™ื•ืช ืœื‘ื“ื” ืœื ื”ื•ืœื›ืช, ืฆืจื™ืš ืฉื™ืœื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืฉื ื™ื™ื โ€“ ื•ื–ื” ื ืงืจื ‘ืกื•ื“ ื”ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“’ ื‘ืงื‘ืœื”, ื›ื™ ื“ื•ื•ืงื ืœื“ืช ื™ืฉ ืฆื“ ื’ื‘ืจื™ ืฉืœ ื—ื•ืงื™ื, ืžืขืจื›ืช ื›ืœืœื™ื, ื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืžืกื•ื™ื™ื, ื•ื›ื•’, ื›ืœ ื”ืื™ื›ื•ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืฆื“ ื”ื’ื‘ืจื™, ื•ืœื ื‘ืžืงืจื” ื‘ืขื•ืœื ื”ื“ืชื™ ื ืœื—ืžื• ื‘ื ืฉื™ื ื›ื™ ื”ืจื‘ื ื•ืช ื™ื™ืฆื’ื” ืืช ื”ืขื ื™ื™ืŸ ื”ื’ื‘ืจื™. ื•ื”ืขื•ืœื ื”ืจื•ื—ื ื™ ื”ื•ื ืžืงื‘ืœ, ืžืงืฉื™ื‘, ืžื—ื•ื‘ืจ, ืžื™ื™ืฆื’ ืืช ื”ืขื•ืœื ื”ื ืงื‘ื™. ‘ืงื™ืฆื•ืฅ ื‘ื ื˜ื™ืขื•ืช’ โ€“ ื”ื—ื˜ื ื”ื–ื” ื”ื•ื ืคื’ื™ืขื” ื‘ืฉื›ื™ื ื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื ื™ืชื•ืง ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืฉื›ื™ื ื” (ืกืคื™ืจื” 10) ืœื‘ื™ืŸ ืฉืืจ ื”ืกืคื™ืจื•ืช, ื–ื• ื’ืœื•ืช ื”ืฉื›ื™ื ื”. ืœื ืชืง ื‘ื™ืŸ ืฉื›ื™ื ื” ืœืชืคืืจืช. ืกื•ื“ ื”ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ ื”ื™ื•ื ื”ื•ื ืœืื—ื“ ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ืื™ื ื˜ื’ืจืœื™ืช ืืช ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ืžื”ื“ืช ื•ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ืžื”ืจื•ื—ื ื™ื•ืช. ื•ื–ื• ื’ื™ืฉื” ืื™ื ื˜ื’ืจืœื™ืช. ื›ื™ื•ื ื›ืœ ื”ืขื•ืœื ื”ื“ืชื™ ื—ื•ืฉื“ ื‘ืขื•ืœื ื”ืจื•ื—ื ื™, ื•ืœื”ื™ืคืš, ื•ื‘ืฆื“ืง โ€“ ื›ื™ ื›ืœ ืื—ื“ ืจื•ืื” ืืช ื”ืฆืœ ืฉืœ ื”ื–ื•ืœืช, ื•ื”ืฆืœ ืœื’ื™ื˜ื™ืžื™.

ืœืœืžื•ื“ ืื™ื“ืจื ื›ืฉืœืขืฆืžื” ื–ื” ืœื ืžืกืคื™ืง. ืกื•ื“ ื”ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ ื”ื™ื•ื ืœื ื‘ืžื•ื‘ืŸ ื”ืื™ืฉื™ (ืฉืžืืœื™ ืชื—ืชื•ืŸ โ€“ ื•ื•ื™ืœื‘ืจ) ืืœื ื‘ืžื•ื‘ืŸ ื”ื—ื‘ืจืชื™. ืœืกื•ื“ ื”ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ ื™ืฉ ืืคื•ื ืžื’ืžื” ืคื•ืœื™ื˜ื™ืช ื—ื‘ืจืชื™ืช ืกื•ืฆื™ืืœื™ืช ื•ื›ื•’ ื•ืœื›ืŸ, ืœื—ื™ื•ืช ื”ื™ื•ื ื‘ื™ืฉืจืืœ ื•ืœืขืงื•ื‘ ืื—ืจ ื“ืจืš ืจื•ื—ื ื™ ืฉื‘ื ืžืื‘ื•ืชื™ื ื• ื”ื™ื ืœื”ืจื•ื’ ืืช ืืžื ื•ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื ืจืงื™ืกื™ืกื˜. ืกื•ื“ ื”ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ ื–ื” ื ืงืจื ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืื”ื‘ื”, ื ืจืงื™ืกื™ื–ื ื–ื” ืœืื•ื ืŸ. ื•ื™ืฉ ื”ื‘ื“ืœ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืฉื ื™ื™ื. ื–ื•ื”ื™ ื˜ืจืžื™ื ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื” ืฉืœ ืกืืจื˜ืจ. ื•ื”ื•ื ืฆื•ื“ืง. ื•ื›ื“ื™ ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื–ืืช ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื”ืกื™ืจ ืืช ื”ืื’ื•, ืœื’ืขืช ื‘ื“ื‘ืจ ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ื‘ืœืชื™ ืืžืฆืขื™ืช, ื“ืจืš ืžืขืฉื”. ืœื ื“ืจืš ื“ื™ืืœื•ื’ื™ื ื—ื™ืœื•ื ื™ื™ื-ื“ืชื™ื™ื, ื›ื™ ืฉื ื›ืœ ืื—ื“ ื‘ื ืœื”ื•ื›ื™ื— ืฉื”ื•ื ืฉื•ืžืจ ืขืœ ืฉืœื•, ื•ืœื ื”ื‘ื™ื ื• ื–ื” ืืช ื–ื”. ื”ื ืฆื“ืงื•, ื›ืœ ืื—ื“ ืžื”ืฆื“ื“ื™ื; ื”ืื™ืฉ ื”ื“ืชื™ ืฉืจืื” ืขืฆืžื• ืงืฉื•ืจ ืœื—ื™ืœื•ื ื™, ื•ื”ื—ื™ืœื•ื ื™ ืฉืจืื” ืขืฆืžื• ืงืฉื•ืจ ืœื“ืช ื•ืœืขืจื›ื™ื” (ืžื•ืกืจ, ื”ืขืžืงื”, ืงื”ื™ืœื” ื•ื›ื•’) โ€“ ืฉื ื™ื”ื ืœื ื”ื‘ื™ื ื• ื–ืืช ืœืขื•ืžืง. ื•ืœื›ืŸ ื”ื™ื•ื ื”ื“ืจืš ื”ื™ื—ื™ื“ื” ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืืช ืกื•ื“ ื”ื™ื—ื•ื“ ืœืขื•ืžืง ื”ื™ื ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ื“ื’ื ืฉืœ ืงื”ื™ืœื” ืขืœ ื›ืœ ืžื•ื‘ื ื™ื”, ืืจืฆื™ืช, ืฉืืคืฉืจ ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืืœื™ื” ื•ื”ื™ื ืชืขืฉื” ืืช ื”ื—ื™ืคื•ืฉ ื•ื”ื”ืชืคืชื—ื•ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœื™ืฆื•ืจ ืงื”ื™ืœื” ืฉืœ ‘ืกื•ื“ ื”ื™ื—ื•ื“’.

ื“ื•ื’ืžื โ€“ ืงื‘ืœื•ืช ืฉื‘ืช. ืœืคื ื™ 600 ืฉื ื” ื–ื” ืœื ื”ื™ื” ืงื™ื™ื ื›ืคื™ ืฉื–ื” ื›ื™ื•ื. ื–ื” ืื•ืžืจ ืฉืฆืžื— ืจื™ื˜ื•ืืœ ื—ื“ืฉ, ื›ื™ ื”ื™ื” ืœื• ืฆื•ืจืš ืืžื™ืชื™. ื•ืœื›ืŸ ื™ืฉ ื“ื™ื ืžื™ื•ืช ื˜ื‘ืขื™ืช ืฉื‘ื” ืฆื•ืžื—ื™ื ืคืจืงื˜ื™ืกื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื. ‘ืžื™ ื”ืฉื™ืœื•ื—’ ืฉืœ ื”ืื™ืฉื‘ื™ืฆืจ ืขื•ืกืง ื‘ื–ื”.
ืื™ืš ืžื’ื™ืขื™ื ืœื—ื™ื“ื•ืฉ ืœืœื ืื ืจื›ื™ื”? ืกื™ืคื•ืจ ืžืงื•ืฆืง โ€“ ื”ืจื‘ื™ ืžืงื•ืฆืง ืฉื•ืืœ ืืช ืชืœืžื™ื“ื™ื• ‘ื”ื™ื›ืŸ ื”ืืœ ื ืžืฆื’, ื›ืœ ืชืœืžื™ื“ ืžืฆื™ืข ืชืฉื•ื‘ื” ื•ื”ืจื‘ื™ ืฉื•ืœืœ ื–ืืช; ื•ื”ืชืฉื•ื‘ื” ืฉืœื• โ€“ ื”ืืœ ื ืžืฆื ื”ื™ื›ืŸ ืฉืžืจืฉื™ื ืœื• ืœื”ื™ื›ื ืก.

ื–ื”ื• ืขืœ ืคื ื™ื• ืกื™ืคื•ืจ ืจื•ื—ื ื™, ืืš ื–ื” ืžืคืกืคืก ืืช ื”ืžืกื•ืจืช ืฉืœ ืงื•ืฆืง, ื›ื™ ื”ืกื™ืคื•ืจ ื”ื–ื” ื‘ืขืฆื ืขื•ืกืง ื‘ืžืฆื•ื•ืช, ื›ื™ ื”ืจื‘ื™ ื”ืชื›ื•ื•ืŸ ืฉืžืจื•ื‘ ืขืฉื™ื™ื” ืฉืœ ืžืฆื•ื•ืช, ืื– ืื™ืŸ ืžืงื•ื ืœืืœ ืœื”ื™ื›ื ืก. ื•ื–ื” ืžื‘ื•ืกืก ืขืœ ื”ื‘ืขืœ ืฉื ื˜ื•ื‘ ืฉืืžืจ ืฉืœื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื›ื ืก ืœื‘ื™ืช ื›ื ืกืช ื›ื™ ืฆืคื•ืฃ ืฉื, ื•ืคื•ืชื— ืืช ืกืคืจ ื”ื–ื•ื”ืจ ืฉืื•ืžืจ ืฉื›ืฉืžืชืคืœืœื™ื ืžืฆื•ื•ืช ืื ืฉื™ื ืžืœื•ืžื“ื”, ื”ืชืคื™ืœื” ืœื ืขื•ืœื” ืœืžืขืœื”. ื›ืœ ื”ืชืคื™ืœื•ืช ื ืฉืืจื•ืช ืœืžื˜ื” ื•ืื– ืฆืคื•ืฃ ื‘ื‘ื™ืช ื”ื›ื ืกืช… ื•ื”ื ืงื•ื“ื” ื”ื™ื ืฉืืคืฉืจ โ€“ ื•ื”ืื™ืฉื‘ื™ืฆืจ ืื•ืžืจ ื–ืืช – ืœืงื™ื™ื ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ืฉื•ืœื—ืŸ ืขืจื•ืš ื›ืœ ื™ืžื™ื• ื•ืืฃ ืคืขื ืœื ืœืงื™ื™ื ืืช ืจืฆื•ืŸ ื”’. ื–ื” ืžืฉืคื˜ ืฉืœ ืจื‘ ื—ืกื™ื“ื™ ื‘ืืžืฆืข ื”ืžืื” ื”- 19. ื•ื”ื•ื ืžืกื‘ื™ืจ ืฉื–ื” ืžื” ืฉื ืงืจื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ‘ื™ืฉืจืืœื™’, ืงืจื™, ื™ืฉืจ-ืืœ, ื›ืœื•ืžืจ, ื™ืฉ ืœื™ ืงืฉืจ ื‘ืœืชื™ ืืžืฆืขื™ ืขื ื”ืืœ. ืื ื™ ืจื•ืฆื” ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื™ืฉืจ-ืืœ, ืœื ืจืง ืœื”ืกืชืžืš ืขืœ ื”ื“ืช ื•ื”’ืžื•ืืจื™ื’ ืฉื™ืฆืจื• ืื•ืชื”.
ื›ืœื•ืžืจ, ื”ืขื ื™ื™ืŸ ื”ื™ืฉืจืืœื™ ืขื•ืœื”, ื•ื‘ืขื•ืžืงื• ื”ื•ื โ€“ ื™ืฉืจ-ืืœ.

ื›ืœ ื”ื”ืืจื•ืช ืœืžื™ื ื™ื”ืŸ ืฉื•ืชืคื•ืช ืœื”ืืจื” ืื—ืช ื‘ืกื•ืฃ.ื™ืฉ ื“ืจื›ื™ื ืฉื•ื ื•ืช, ื™ืฉ ื“ื’ืฉื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื, ื›ืœื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื (ืกื™ืžืคื•ื ื™ื” ืฉื‘ื” ื›ืœ ืื—ื“ ืžื ื’ืŸ ื›ืœื™ ืื—ืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืจื•ื—).

***

ืืžืจื ื•, ืฉื”ืžื’ืžื” ื”ืžืจื›ื–ื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืืจื”, ืฉืœ ืขื‘ื•ื“ืช ื”’, ื–ื” ืœื”ื™ื•ืช “ืœืคื ื™ ื”'”. ื–ื” ื“ื•ืจืฉ ืฆื ื™ืขื•ืช, ื”ืกืจืช ื”ืื’ื•, ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ื•ื›ื•’. ืœืฆืืช ืžื”ืžืขืจื” , ืฉืœื’ื‘ื™ื” ืืคืœื˜ื•ืŸ ื›ื•ืชื‘ ืฉื›ื•ืœื ื ืžืฆืื™ื ืฉื ื›ืœ ื”ื—ื™ื™ื. ืœืžื™ืœื” “ืœืคื ื™” ื™ืฉ 3 ืžืฉืžืขื•ื™ื•ืช โ€“

1. ืคื ื™ื
2. ืœืคื ื™
3. ืคื ื™ืžื™

ืื ื›ืš, ืœื”ื™ื•ืช “ืœืคื ื™ ื”'” ืžืฉืžืขื• ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืชื•ืš ืคื ื™ืžื™ื•ืช ืคื ื™ ื”ืืœ. ืžื” ื–ื” ืื•ืžืจ? ืคื™ืจื•ืฉื• ืฉืื ื™ ืœื ืขื•ื‘ื“ ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ื–ืจื”. ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ื–ืจื” ื”ื™ื: “ืœื ื™ื”ื™ื” ืœืš ืืœื•ื”ื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ืขืœ ืคื ื™ื™”. ื•ืื ื• ื“ื•ืจืฉื™ื ื›ืืŸ, “ืืœื•ื”ื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื” ื–ื” ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ื–ืจื”; ‘ืื—ืจ’ ื–ื” ืื—ื•ืจ ื‘ืื—ื•ืจ, ื–ื” ื ืชืง ืž”ืขืœ ืคื ื™ื™”, ืงืจื™, ื™ืฉ ื›ืžื” ืคื ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืืœื•ื”ื•ืช ื•ื›ืฉื™ืฉ ืœืš ืืœื•ื”ื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื, ื”ืขื“ืคื”/ื‘ื—ื™ืจื” ืฉืœ ืคืŸ ืื—ื“ ืฉืœ ื”ืืœื•ื”ื•ืช ื ื’ื“ ืฉืืจ ื”ืคื ื™ื ืื– ื–ื• ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ื–ืจื”. ‘ืคื ื™ื’ ื–ื” ืคืจืกืคื˜ืงื™ื‘ื” (ืคืŸ). ื•ืื– โ€“ ืืœ ืชื™ืงื— ืคืจืกืคืงื˜ื™ื‘ื” ืื—ืช ื•ืชื’ื™ื“ ืฉืืœื• ื”ื ื”ืคื ื™ื ื”ื™ื—ื™ื“ื•ืช ืฉื™ืฉ. ื•”ืคื ื™ ื”ืืœื•ื”ื•ืช” ื–ื” ื’ื•ืฃ ืจืืฉื•ืŸ, ืฉื ื™ ื•ืฉืœื™ืฉื™:

1. I am โ€“ ื”ืื ื™ ืฉืœื™ ืžื–ื“ื•ื•ื’ ืขื ื”ืื™ืŸ. ืœืžืฉืœ, ืžื“ื™ื˜ืฆื™ื”; ืืฉืจืื.
2. ืชืคื™ืœื” โ€“ ืื ื™ ืžื“ื‘ืจ ืขื ื”ืืœื•ื”ื•ืช. (ื’ื ื›ืืŸ ืืคืฉืจ ืœื”ื›ืœื™ืœ ืืฉืจืื)
3. ืœื™ืžื•ื“ ืขืœ ื”ื“ื‘ืจ โ€“ ืกื•ืฆื™ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื”, ื”ืœื›ื”, ืžื“ื™ื ื” ื•ื›ื•’. ืœืžืฉืœ, ื”ืืงื“ืžื™ื”.

ื›ื“ื™ ืฉืื”ื™ื” “ืœืคื ื™ ื”'” ื•ืœื ื‘ืžืงื•ื ืฉืœ ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ื–ืจื”, ืื ื™ ื—ื™ื™ื‘ ืฉื™ื”ื™ื• ืœื™ 3 ืคื ื™ ื”ืืœื•ื”ื•ืช. ืžื‘ืœื™ ืฉื™ื—ืกืจ ืœื™ ืคืŸ ื›ืœืฉื”ื•.

ื™ืฉ ื’’ ืžื ื™ืขื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืื“ื ืขืœ ื”ืื“ืžื” โ€“

1. ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื—ื•ืคืฉื™ freedom
2. ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื˜ื•ื‘ goodness
3. ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื—ื•ื‘ืจ realationship

ื™ืฉ ืžื‘ื ื” ืฉื˜ื—ื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืžื•ืฉื’ื™ื ื”ื ”ืœ ืฉืžืจืื” ืขืœ ื™ื—ืกื™ื•ืช ื‘ื”ื. ืืš ื‘ืขื•ืžืง ื™ืฉ ืฉื ืžื•ื—ืœื˜ื•ืช. ืื™ืŸ ื™ื—ืกื™ื•ืช ื‘ื™ืŸ ืืžื ืชืจื–ื” ืœื”ื™ื˜ืœืจ. ื›ืœ ืื—ื“ ืžืŸ ื”ืžื•ืฉื’ื™ื ืขื•ืžื“ ื‘ืคื ื™ ืขืฆืžื• ืืš ืœื‘ืกื•ืฃ ื”ื ื™ื”ื™ื• ืžื—ื•ื‘ืจื™ื.
ืขืœ ื’’ ื”ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ื”ื ”ืœ ื”ืขื•ืœื ืขื•ืžื“. ื–ื• ืขืžื“ื” ืฉืœ ืจื•ื‘ ื”ื“ืชื•ืช ื•ื”ืžืข’ ื”ืจื•ื—ื ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืขื•ืœื. ื™ืฉ ืžืขืจื›ื•ืช ืฉื™ืขื“ื™ืคื• ืžื•ืฉื’ ืื—ื“ ืขืœ ืื—ืจ.
ื™ืฉ ื”ื’ื“ืจื•ืช ืฉื•ื ื•ืช ืœ”ื—ื•ืคืฉ”, ืœืžืฉืœ, ื–ื” ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืฉื™ื ื”ืคื•ื˜ื ืฆื™ืืœ ืฉืœืš (ื”ื’ืœ).

ื“ื™ื‘ืจื ื• ืขืœ ื”ื›ื ืขื”, ื”ื‘ื“ืœื” ื•ื”ืžืชืงื” โ€“ ื•ื›ืืŸ ืื ื• ืžืคืจืฉื™ื ืื•ืชืŸ ื›ืจืžื•ืช ืชื•ื“ืขื”.
ืœืžืฉืœ, ื‘ืื”ื‘ื” โ€“ ื”ื›ื ืขื” ื–ื” ‘ื›ื•ืœื™ ื ื›ื ืข’ ; ื”ื‘ื“ืœื” โ€“ ืื™ื ื“ื™ื‘ื™ื“ื•ืืฆื™ื”; ื”ืžืชืงื” โ€“ ืื™ื—ื•ื“.
ื•ื›ืš ื‘ื›ืœ ืชื—ื•ื.

ื›ืฉืื ื™ ื‘ื ื‘ืคื ื™ ื”ืืœ ืื ื™ ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื”ืชื—ื™ืœ ืขื ื”ื›ื ืขื”. ื›ืœื•ืžืจ, ืื ื™ ืœื ืžื“ื‘ืจ ืขื ื”ืืœ ื‘ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉื ื™, ืื™ืŸ ืœื™ ืืช ื”ื—ื•ืฆืคื” ื”ื–ื•. ื–ื• ื”ืืœื•ื”ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ื›ืœ, ืžื—ื™ื™ื” ืืช ื›ื•ืœื, ืื ื™ ืืคื™ืœื• ืœื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืฉื•ื—ื— ืืชื•. ื”ืืœ ื”ื•ื ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉืœื™ืฉื™, “ืžืœืš ื”ืขื•ืœื”, ื›ืš ืื•ืžืจ ื”ืืจ”ื™ ื•ืื ื™ ื ื›ื ืข ืžื”ืขื•ืฆืžื” ื”ืขื ืงื™ืช ื”ื–ื•. ื–ื” ืœืžืฆื•ื ืืช ืžืงื•ืžื™ ื‘ืคืจื•ืคื•ืจืฆื™ื” ื‘ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ืขื ืงื™ืช ื”ื–ื•, ื•ื›ื•ืœื™ ืžืชื‘ื˜ืœ ื‘ืคื ื™ื”. ืžื•ื“ืขื•ืช ืฉืœื™ ื›ื™ืฆื•ืจ ื‘ืคื ื™ ื”ืขื•ืœื ื”ืขื ืง ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื”ื–ื”. ื–ื• ื”ื›ื ืขื”, ื”ืืœ ื”ื•ื ื‘ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉืœื™ืฉื™.

ื”ื›ื ืขื” ื—ืฉื•ื‘ื”, ืืš ืœื ืžืกืคืงืช ืื•ืชื™, ื›ื™ ื”ื™ื ืžื•ืœื™ื“ื” ืงืฉืจ ืขื ื”ืžืข’ ื”ืืœื•ื”ื™ืช ื‘ืขื•ืœื, ื•ืื– ื ื•ืฆืจ ืกื•ืฆื™ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื”, ืžื•ืกืจ, ืžื“ืข ื•ื›ื•’ ื›ื™ ื›ื•ืœื ืขื•ืกืงื™ื ื‘ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉืœื™ืฉื™ โ€“ ื”ื ืื•ืžืจื™ื ‘ืœื ื”ืกืชืคืงื ื• ื‘ืืœื•ื”ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉืœื™ืฉื™’ ื›ืžื• ื”ื›ื ืกื™ื™ื” ื‘ืื™ืจื•ืคื”, ืฉืืžืจื” ืฉื”ืืœ ื”ื•ื ื”ืžืข’ ื”ื›ืœืœื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืขื•ืœื. ื•ื–ื” ืžืชื•ืจื’ื ื‘ืžื•ืฉื’ื™ื ืฉืœ ื—ื™ืœื•ื ื™, ืœ-ืžื“ืข. ื›ืœื•ืžืจ, ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ื”ืขื•ืœื ื‘ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉืœื™ืฉื™. ื•ื›ืœ ื”ืคืกื™ื›ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื” ื•ื”ื—ืฉื™ื‘ื” ื”ืžื“ืขื™ืช ื”ื”ืชืคืชื—ื•ืชื™ืช ืžืชื‘ืกืกื™ื ืขืœ ื–ื” ืฉื™ืฉ ื‘ืขื•ืœื ืืœ ื‘ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉืœื™ืฉื™ ื•ืื ื™ ืžื ืกื” ืœื”ื‘ื™ื ื•. ื•ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉืœื™ืฉื™ ื›ืืŸ ื”ื•ื ื—ื™ื•ื ื™. ื›ื™ ื›ืœ ืžื” ืฉืื ื• ืœื•ืžื“ื™ื ืขืœ ืคืกื™ื›ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื” ื–ื” ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉืœื™ืฉื™, ืื ื™ ื™ื•ืฆืจ ืชืฉืชื™ืช ืฉืœ ื›ืœืœื™ื ืฉืžืืคืฉืจื™ื ืœื™ ืœื‘ื˜ื ืืช ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืช ื”ืื“ื. ื”ืืœ ืžืชื•ืจื’ื ืœืžื•ืฉื’ื™ื ืžื“ืขื™ื™ื. ื”ืžื—ืงืจ ื”ื•ื ื‘ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉืœื™ืฉื™. ืงืื ื˜ ืื•ืžืจ ืฉื”ื“ื‘ืจ ื”ื›ื™ ืžื‘ื™ืš ืฉืื“ื ืžื•ื“ืจื ื™ ืขื•ืฉื” ื–ื” ืœื”ืชืคืœืœ. ื”ืžื•ื“ืจื ื” ื‘ืชืงื•ืคืช ืงืื ื˜ ืฉื•ืืœืช โ€“ ืžื™ ืžืชืคืœืœ ?! ื•ืื™ืฉ ืžื•ื“ืจื ื™ ื›ื™ื•ื ืœื ืžืชืคืœืœ, ื›ื™ ื‘ืคื ื™ืžื™ื•ืชื• ื”ื™ื•ืžื™ื•ืžื™ืช ื–ื” ืœื ืขืžื“ื” ืฉืžืชืื™ืžื” ืœืื“ื ืžื•ื“ืจื ื™. ื™ื•ืชืจ ืกื‘ื™ืจ ืฉื”ื•ื ื™ืขืฉื” ืชื•ืืจ ื‘ืื•ื ื™ื‘’ ื•ืœื—ืงื•ืจ.

ื”ื‘ืขื™ื” โ€“ ื”ืื ื”ืืœ ื‘ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉืœื™ืฉื™ ืžืกืคืง ืœื™ ืืช ื”ื›ืžื™ื”ื” ื”ืคื ื™ืžื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืื“ื ื‘ืฉืœื•ืฉืช ื”ืžื•ืฉื’ื™ื ื”ื ”ืœ, ื—ื•ืคืฉ, ื˜ื•ื‘ ื•ื—ื™ื‘ื•ืจ? ื›ืŸ ื•ืœื. ืœืžืฉืœ, ืžืข’ ืžื•ืกืจื™ืช ืขื•ื–ืจืช ืœื™ ืœื”ื‘ื™ืŸ ืžื” ื–ื” ื˜ื•ื‘ ื•ืžื” ื–ื” ืจืข, ืขืœ ืคื™ ืื•ืชื ื›ืœืœื™ื ืฉืœื”. ื—ื•ืคืฉ, ื—ืฉื™ื‘ื” ืคื•ืœื™ื˜ื™ืช ืฉืœ ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉืœื™ืฉื™ ื”ื•ืœื™ื“ื” ื“ืžื•ืงืจื˜ื™ื”. ื›ืœื•ืžืจ, ื”ืžื“ืขื™ื ืœืžื™ื ื™ื”ื (ื”ื—ื‘ืจื”, ื”ืžื•ืกืจ, ื”ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืช, ื”ื“ืชื•ืช ื•ื›ื•’) ืขื–ืจื• ืœื ื• ืœื™ืฆื•ืจ ื—ื•ืคืฉ ื˜ื•ื‘ ื•ื—ื™ื‘ื•ืจ, ืืš ืœื ืœื’ืžืจื™, ื›ื™ ื‘ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉืœื™ืฉื™ ืื ื™ ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืžืจื’ื™ืฉ ืžื•ื–ื ื— ื•ืœื ืžื—ื•ื‘ืจ ื•ืขื‘ื“ ืฉืœ ื”ื—ื‘ืจื” (ืคื•ืงื•, ื•ื“ืจื™ื“ื” โ€“ื›ืœ ืื—ื“ ื”ื•ื ืขื‘ื“ ืฉืœ ืื™ืฉื–ื”ื• ื”ืงืฉืจ) ื•ื–ื” ื”ืคื•ืกื˜ ืžื•ื“ืจื ื™ื–ื.
. ื›ืœ ืžื“ืขื™ ื”ื”ืชืคืชื—ื•ืช (stages) ืžื•ื‘ืื™ื ื“ืจืš ืžื“ืขื™ ื”ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืช. ืœืžืฉืœ, ื”ืกืคืจ ื’ื‘ืจื™ื ืžืžืื“ื™ื ื•ื ืฉื™ื ืžื ื’ื”. ืื ื• ืžื‘ื™ื ื™ื ืคืชืื•ื ืฉื™ืฉ ืžื™ืคื•ื™ ืขืžื•ืง ื‘ืขื•ืœื ืฉืœ ื”ืžืฆื™ืื•ืช, ืืš ืœื ืžื™ืคื•ื™ ืžื•ื—ืœื˜. ื–ื” ืืœ ื‘ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉืœื™ืฉื™.

ื•ืœื›ืŸ ืื ื™ ื”ื•ืœืš ืœื’ื•ืฃ ืฉื ื™ โ€“ “ื‘ืจื•ืš ืืชื”” (ื•ืœื “ืžืœืš ื”ืขื•ืœื”) โ€“ ืงืฉืจ ื—ื™, ื™ืฉืจ-ืืœ, ืœื ื‘ืœืชื™ ืืžืฆืขื™, ื•ื‘ืงืฉืจ ื”ื—ื™ ื•ื”ืชื•ืกืก ื”ื–ื” ื™ืฉ ืœื™ ืžืข’ ื™ื—ืกื™ื ืื™ืฉื™ื™ื ื•ืื– ืื ื™ ื›ื‘ืจ ืœื ืœื‘ื“. ืจ’ ื ื—ืžืŸ โ€“ ืืชื” ื™ื•ืฆื ืœื™ืขืจ ื•ืžืชื‘ื•ื“ื“ ื‘ื“ื• ืฉื™ื— ืขื ื”’ โ€“ ื–ื” ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉื ื™. ื›ื™ ืœื ืžืกืคื™ืง ืœื™ ืืœ ืฉืœ ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉืœื™ืฉื™ ืฉื ื•ืชืŸ ืœื™ ืžืข’ ืžื•ืกืจื™ืช ื•ื›ืœืœื™ื ืฉืœ ืžื•ืกืจ ืื• ืžืฆื•ื•ืช ืื• ืžื“ืข. ืื ื™ ืจื•ืฆื” ืœื”ืจื’ื™ืฉ ืืช ื—ื™ื‘ื•ืงื• ืฉืœ ื”ืืœ, ืฉืžืืœื• ืชื—ืช ืจืืฉื™ ื•ื™ืžื™ื ื• ืชื—ื‘ืงื ื™. ืืœ ืฉืขื•ื–ืจ ืœื™ ื‘ื‘ื“ื™ื“ื•ืช, ื›ื™ ื ื•ืฆืจ ื—ื™ื‘ื•ืจ; ื•ืขื•ื–ืจ ืœื™ ืœืžืžืฉ ืืช ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ืฉื‘ื™, ืœื”ื‘ื“ื™ืœ ืžืงืื ื˜ ืฉืกื‘ืจ ืฉืžืกืคื™ืง ืืœ ื‘ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉืœื™ืฉื™ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื™ืฆื•ืจ ื˜ื•ื‘, ืืš ืฆืจื™ืš ืืœ ื—ื™.

ืืœ ื‘ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉื ื™ ื–ื” ื”ื‘ื“ืœื”. ืคื™ืจื•ืฉื” ืฉืื ื• ื‘ืงืฉืจ, ืื ื• ื‘ื“ื™ืืœื•ื’ (ื‘ื”ื›ื ืขื” ืื™ืŸ ื“ื™ืืœื•ื’ ื—ื™, ืœืžืฉืœ, ื“ื™ืืœื•ื’ ืฉืœื™ ืขื ื”ืžืฆื•ื•ืช, ืฉื ืื ื™ ืžืชื‘ื˜ืœ). ื•ืื™ืคื” ื”ื—ื•ืคืฉ? ืื ื™ ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืžืฉื•ืขื‘ื“. ืื ื™ ื‘ื›ืœ ื–ืืช ื›ืคื•ืฃ ืœื“ื™ืืœื•ื’. ื—ืกืจ ืžืฉื”ื•, ื”ืจื’ืฉืช ื”ืขืฆืžืื•ืช ื•ื”ืขื•ืฆืžื”, ื—ืกืจ ื”ืžื•ืกืจ ืฉื‘ื•ืงืข ื•ืขื•ืœื” ืžื ื‘ื›ื™ ื ืฉืžืชื™, ืฉื”ืจ’ ืงื•ืง ืžื“ื‘ืจ ืขืœื™ื•, ืžื•ืกืจ ืขื•ืฆืžืชื™ ืœืขื•ืžืช ืžื•ืกืจ ืฉืœ ืจื™ืคื™ื•ืŸ ืฉื”ื•ื ืชื’ื•ื‘ื” ืœื›ื•ื— ื—ื™ืฆื•ื ื™ ืœื™, ื•ื—ืกืจ ื”ื—ื™ื‘ื•ืจ ืฉืœ ืžืžืฉ. ืคืขื ืืžืจื• ืœื ื• โ€“ ืชืชื—ืชืŸ ื•ื™ื”ื™ื” ื‘ืกื“ืจ; ืืš ื”ืชื‘ืจืจ ืฉื–ื” ืœื ื›ืš, ืฉืื ืชืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ื™ื—ืกื™ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื™ื—ืœืฅ ืžื”ืฆื•ืจืš ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื—ื™ื‘ื•ืจ ืขื ืขืฆืžืš โ€“ ื”ื™ื—ืกื™ื ื™ืงืจืกื•. ื–ื” ืœื ื”ื™ื” ืžื•ื‘ืŸ ืœืคื ื™ 100 ืฉื ื”.

ื’ื•ืฃ ืจืืฉื•ืŸ โ€“ ื”ืžืชืงื” โ€“ ืื ื™ ืœื ืจืง ื‘ืงืฉืจ ืขื ื”ืืœ, ืืœื ืื ื™ ืžื’ืœื” ืฉืื ื™ ืื›ืŸ ืžื–ื•ื”ื” ืขื ื”ืืœื•ื”ื•ืช ืขืฆืžื”, ืื ื™ ื—ืœืง ืžืŸ ื”ืืœ, “ืื ื™ โ€“ ื”’ ืืœื•ื”ื™ืš”. ื”’ืื ื™’ ืฉืœื™ ืœื ืจืง ืฉื•ืชืฃ, ืืœื ื ื•ื˜ืœ ื—ืœืง ื‘ืืœื•ื”ื•ืช ืžืžืฉ. ื–ื”ื• ื—ื•ืคืฉ. ื•ื–ื” ื—ื™ื‘ื•ืจ ืžืžืงื•ื ืื—ืจ ื›ื™ ืื ื™ ืœื ื ื•ืืฉ ืœืงื‘ืœ ืžื‘ื—ื•ืฅ ื—ื™ื‘ื•ืจ. ื•ื”ื—ื•ืคืฉ ืฉืœื™ ื ื•ื‘ืข ืžืชื•ืš ืขืฆืžื™ื•ืชื™.

ืื ืชื™ืงื— ืื—ื“ ืžื”ื ”ืœ โ€“ ืœื ืชื’ื™ืข ืœื”ืืจื”, ืืชื” ืชื™ืคื•ืœ.
ืœืžืฉืœ, ื‘ืขื•ืœื ื”ื˜ื™ื‘ื˜ื™ ื”ืชื‘ืกืกื• ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ืขืœ I am, ืžื“ื™ื˜ืฆื™ื”, ืœื—ื•ื•ืช ืืช ืขืฆืžื™ ื›ื—ืœืง ืื™ื ื“ื™ื‘ื™ื“ื•ืืœื™ ืžื”ืงื•ืกืžื•ืก. ืืœื ืฉื—ืกืจื™ื ื“ื‘ืจื™ื. ืœืžืฉืœ, ืœืื ืฉื™ื ื™ืฉ ืฆืœ, ื•ืื– ื”ื•ืœื›ื™ื ืœื—ืชื•ืจ ืžืชื—ืช ืœืžืข’ ื”ืคื•ืœื™ื˜ื™ืช ื‘ื˜ื™ื‘ื˜ ื•ืื ืžื™ืฉื”ื• ืœื ืžื—ื•ื‘ืจ ืœืฆืœ ืฉืœื• ืื– ื”ื•ื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ืคื™ืœ ื”ื›ืœ. ื•ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืฉื‘ืช ื‘ืžื“ื™ื˜ืฆื™ื” ืฉื ื™ื ืืš ืœื ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืื™ื ื˜ื’ืจืฆื™ื” ืœืฆืœ ืฉืœื•, ื•ื–ื” ื™ืขืฉื” ื‘ืœื’ื ื™ื ื‘ื›ืœ ื”ืžืขืจื›ื•ืช. ื›ืœื•ืžืจ, ืžื“ื™ื˜ืฆื™ื” ืœื ืžื ื—ื™ืœื” ืœื™ ืืช ื”ื›ืœื™ื ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืื™ื ื˜ื’ืจืฆื™ื” ืœืฆืœ. ืืช ื–ื” ืื ื™ ืขื•ืฉื” ื“ืจืš ื—ื›ืžื” ืคืกื™ื›ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ืช ืฉืคื•ืชื—ื” ื“ืจืš ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉืœื™ืฉื™.ืื™ืŸ ืžื™ืœื” ื‘ืžื–ืจื— ืขืœ ืžื•ืฉื’ ื”ืฆืœ, ื›ืžื—ื‘ืจ ืืช ื”ื—ืœืง ื”ืžื ื•ืชืง ืฉืœื™ ื‘ืชืช ื”ืžื•ื“ืข ืฉืœื™ ื•ืฉืžืฉืคื™ืข ืขืœื™ื™, ืื ื™ ืœื ืื•ื›ืœ ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื–ืืช ื“ืจืš ืžื“ื™ื˜ืฆื™ื”.

ื›ืฉื™ืฉ ืœืš ืžืืกื˜ืจ ื‘ืžื“ื™ื˜ืฆื™ื”, ื”ื•ื ืžืชื•ืกื‘ืš ืžื‘ื—ื™ื ื” ืคืกื™ื›ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ืช, ื‘ืขืงื‘ื•ืช ื—ื•ืกืจ ื™ื›ื•ืœืช ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ืคืกื™ื›ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ืช ืขืžื•ืงื”. ืœื›ืŸ ืื“ื ืžื•ืืจ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืื“ื ืจืข. ืžืื™ื“ืš, ื ื ื™ื— ืฉืขืฉื™ืชื™ ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ืžื•ืกืจื™ืช ืืš ืืฃ ืคืขื ืœื ื ื’ืขืชื™ ื‘ื”ืืจื”, ืื ื™ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื™ืคื•ืœ. ื›ื™ ืžื‘ืœื™ ืฉื ื•ื’ืขื™ื ื‘ืืจื•ืก, ื‘ืชืฉื•ืงื”, ื‘ื”ืืจื”, ื‘ืžืงื•ื ื”ืžืžืœื, ืื– ืชืžื™ื“ ื”ืžืข’ ื”ืžื•ืกืจื™ืช ืชืงืจื•ืก ื›ื™ ืชืžื™ื“ ื™ื”ื™ื” ืฆื•ืจืš ืฉื™ื‘ื•ื ืžื‘ื—ื•ืฅ ืฉืœื ื™ื”ื™ื” ืœืš ื›ืœื™ ืœื”ืชืžื•ื“ื“ ืžื•ืœื• ืื ืœื ื”ืชืžืœืืช ืžื‘ืคื ื™ื, ืชื”ื™ื” ื”ืฆืคื”. ื”ืืจื” ื‘ืื” ืžืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ื›ืœ ืฉืœื•ืฉืช ื”ืคื ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืืœื•ื”ื•ืช.

ื‘ืขื•ืœื ื”ืชืจื‘ื•ืชื™ ื›ื™ื•ื ื™ืฉ ื’’ ื’ื™ืฉื•ืช ืžืจื›ื–ื™ื•ืช ืฉื›ืœ ืื—ืช ืžื•ืฆื™ืื” ืืช ื”ืฉื ื™ื” ืžืงื™ื•ื; ื•ืื ื• ืื•ืžืจื™ื ื›ืืŸ, ื‘ืชืคื™ืกื” ืื™ื ื˜ื’’, ืฉื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืœื”ืืจื” โ€“ ื‘ื™ืŸ ืฉืœ ื—ื‘ืจื” ื•ื‘ื™ืŸ ืฉืœ ื™ื—ื™ื“ โ€“ ืขืœื™ืš ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ื›ืœ ื”ื›ืœื™ื. ืื ื—ืกืจ ืœืš ื›ืœื™, ืื ืืชื” ืžืชืขืœื ืžืื—ื“ ื”ืคื ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืืœื•ื”ื•ืช, ืืชื” ืขื•ื‘ื“ ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ื–ืจื”, ืืชื” ืžืขืฆื™ื ืคืŸ ืื—ื“ ื•ืžืชืขืœื ืžื”ืื—ืจื™ื. ืœืžืฉืœ ื”ืขื•ืœื ื”ื“ืชื™ ื”ืงืœืืกื™ ื›ื™ื•ื ื”ืชืžืงื“ ื•ื”ืขืฆื™ื ืฉื ื™ ืคื ื™ื โ€“ ืืช ื”ื’ื•ืฃ ื”ืฉื ื™ (ืชืคื™ืœื”) ื•ื”ื’ื•ืฃ ื”ืฉืœื™ืฉื™ (ืžืฆื•ื•ื”, ื”ืœื›ื”).ืœื›ืŸ ื—ื•ื‘ืฉื™ ื›ื™ืคื•ืช ื”ื•ืœื›ื™ื ื›ื™ื•ื ืœื”ื•ื“ื•, ืœื—ื™ืคื•ืฉ ื”ื’ื•ืฃ ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ. ื›ืฉื—ืกืจ ืคืŸ ืื—ื“ ืชืฆื ืคืชื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื”, ื›ื™ ื”ื™ื ื‘ืื” ืชืžื™ื“ ืœื”ืฉืœื™ื ื—ืกืจ ื‘ืื—ื“ ืžืŸ ื”ืคื ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืืœื•ื”ื•ืช.

ื”ื›ื ืขื” ืคื™ืจื•ืฉื” โ€“ ืื ื™ ืžื•ื•ืชืจ ืขืœ ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉื ื™ ื•ื’ื•ืฃ ืจืืฉื•ืŸ. ืื ื™ ืœื ื—ืœืง ืžื”ืืœื•ื”ื•ืช ื”ื–ื•, ืื ื™ ืœื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื“ื‘ืจ ืื™ืชื”, ื›ืœ ืžื” ืฉื ืฉืืจ ืœื™ ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื–ื” ืœื ืชื— ืื•ืชื”.

ื”ื›ื ืกื™ื™ื”, ื”ืžืžืกื“ ื”ื“ืชื™ , ืฉื”ืฆื˜ื™ื™ืŸ ื›ืœ ื›ืš ื‘ื”ืžื•ื ื™ื•, ืฉื›ืœ ื›ืš ืขืกืง ื‘ืืœ ื‘ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉืœื™ืฉื™ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ื”ืžื•ื ื™, ืื– ื”ืืœ ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉืœื™ืฉื™ โ€“ ื‘ืขืงื‘ื•ืช ื”ื—ื™ืœื•ืŸ โ€“ ืชื•ืจื’ื ืœืืœ ื‘ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉืœื™ืฉื™ ื‘ื™ื—ืก ืœืขื•ืœื.
ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉืœื™ืฉื™ ื”ื•ื ืžื—ืงืจ ืฉืžืžื ื• ืื ื™ ืžืกื™ืง ื›ืœืœื™ื ืœื’ื•ืฃ ืฉืœื™ืฉื™.

ื™ืฉ ืงื•ืฉื™ ื‘ื”ื‘ื—ื ื•ืช ื‘ื™ืŸ ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉื ื™ ืœืฉืœื™ืฉื™. ื›ืฉืื ื™ ืžื“ื‘ืจ ืขืœ ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉืœื™ืฉื™ โ€“ ื‘ื™ืŸ ืื ื‘ืžื•ืกืจ ืื• ื‘ืžื“ืข ืžื•ื— ื•ื›ื•’ โ€“ ื–ื” ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉืœื™ืฉื™, ื•ื™ืฉ ืœื›ืš ื”ืฉืœื›ื•ืช ื‘ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉื ื™.

25.9.05

ื”ืฉื‘ื•ืข ืื ื• ืขื•ืกืงื™ื ื‘ื ื•ืฉื ื”ื•ืœื•ืŸ holon ืฉืœ ืืจืชื•ืจ ืงืกืœืจ, ืฉื”ื™ื” ื”ื•ื’ื” ื—ืฉื•ื‘, ืฉื›ืชื‘ ืกืคืจ ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ื ื•ืฉื ื”ืฆื—ื•ืง, ื•ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ื™ืชืจ ื”ื•ื ื“ืŸ ื‘ืžื”ื•ืช ื”ื”ื•ื•ื™ื™ื”, ื•ื‘ื“ื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื–ื” ื”ื•ื ืงื‘ืข ืืช ื”ืงื‘ื™ืขื” ื”ืžืื•ื“ ืคืฉื•ื˜ื” ืœื›ืื•ืจื”, ื”ืžื•ืจื›ื‘ืช ืžื”ื•ืœื•ืŸ โ€“ ื›ืœ ื”ื—ืœืงื™ื โ€“ whole parts – ืฉื”ื“ื‘ืจ ื”ื•ื ืžืฆื“ ืื—ื“ ืฉืœื ื•ืžืฆื“ ืื—ืจ ื—ืœืง ื•ื–ื” ืื•ืคื™ื™ื” ืฉืœ ื”ื”ื•ื•ื™ื” ืžืœืžืขืœื” ื•ืžืœืžื˜ื”.
ื–ื” ืงื™ื™ื ื”ื™ื•ื ื‘ื›ืœ ืชื—ื•ืžื™ ื”ื”ื•ื•ื™ื™ื”. ื•ื ื™ื›ื ืก ืœืจืื•ืช ื–ืืช ืื—ืจ ื›ืš ื‘ืžืงื•ืจื•ืช ื™ืฉืจืืœ.

ื”ืงื‘ื™ืขื” ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื” โ€“ ื™ืฉ ืžื” ืฉืืจืชื•ืจ ืœืงื’’ื•ื™ ื›ื™ื ื” the great chain of being โ€“ ื”ืฉืจืฉืจืช ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื” ืฉืœ ื”ื”ื•ื™ื™ื”. ืชื™ืื•ืจื” ื”ื•ื, ื›ืš ืื• ืื—ืจืช, ื”ื•ื ืžืื•ื•ื™ื™ ืจื•ื‘ ื”ื”ื•ื’ื™ื ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื™ื ื‘ืžืฉืš 2000 ืฉื ื•ืช ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื”. ื•ื‘ื›ืœ ืžืขืจื›ืช ื™ืฉ ืชื™ืื•ืจ ืžืกื•ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืฉืจืฉืจืช ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื” ืฉืœ ื”ื”ื•ื•ื™ื™ื”. ื‘ืคืฉื˜ื•ืช, ื™ืฉ ื“ื•ืžื-ืฆื•ืžื—-ื—ื™-ืžื“ื‘ืจ. ื–ื”ื• ืชื™ืื•ืจ ืงืœืืกื™ ืฉืœ ื™ืžื™ ื”ื‘ื™ื ื™ื™ื ืฉืžื•ืคื™ืข ื‘’ื›ื•ื–ืจื™’ ื•ื‘ื›ืœ ื”ื•ื’ื” ืจืฆื™ื ื™ ื‘ื™ืžื™ ื”ื‘ื™ื ื™ื™ื, ืœืคื™ื• ื™ืฉ ื”ื™ืจืจื›ื™ื” ืžืกื•ื™ืžืช ื›ื ”ืœ. ื‘ืื ื’ืœื™ืช ื”ื™ื™ื ื• ืื•ืžืจื™ื ืฉื™ืฉ matter ื“ื•ืžื, life, ืฉื‘ื• ืžืชื—ื™ืœ ืฆื•ืžื— ื•ื—ื™, ื•ืื– โ€“ mind, ืฉื–ื” ื”ืžื“ื‘ืจ. ื•ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ืื—ืจืช โ€“ ื–ื” ืžืชื—ื™ืœ ืžืขื•ืœื ื”ื“ื•ืžื ืฉืื™ืŸ ื‘ื• ืœื›ืื•ืจื” ื—ื™ื•ืช, ื–ื” ืขื•ืœื” ืœืขื•ืœื ื”ื—ื™ ืฉื”ื•ื animat ืงืจื™ ืฉื™ืฉ ื‘ื• ื™ื›ื•ืœืช ืœื”ื›ืคื™ืœ ืืช ืขืฆืžื•, ื‘ืฆื•ืจื•ืช ืฉื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืžื•ืจื›ื‘ื•ืช, ื•ืžื›ืืŸ ืขื•ืœื” ืœ- mind ืฉื™ืฉ ืœื• ื™ื›ื•ืœืช ืœื”ืฆื™ื’ ื•ืœืชืงืฉืจ ืขืฆืžื•, ื‘ืขื•ืœื ืฉืœ ืงื•ืžื•ื ื™ืงืฆื™ื”.

ื™ืฉ ืคื™ื–ื™ื•ืกืคื™ืจ (ื“ื•ืžื), ื‘ื™ื•ืกืคื™ืจ (ื‘ื™ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื”) ื•ื ื•ืื•ืกืคื™ืจ (ืžื™ื™ื ื“).
ื•ื–ื• ื”ืฉืจืฉืจืช ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื” ืฉืœ ื”ื”ื•ื•ื™ื”.

ื”ื ื—ืช ื”ื™ืกื•ื“ ืฉืœ ื”ื”ื’ื•ืช ื‘ืžืฉืš ืืœืคื™ ืฉื ื™ื ื”ื™ืชื” ืฉื›ืœ ืืœื• ื›ืจื•ื›ื™ื ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ื‘ืœืชื™ ืคื•ืกืงืช ืื—ื“ ื‘ืฉื ื™. ื–ื” ืœื ืขื•ืœืžื•ืช ื ืคืจื“ื™ื ืืœื ืžืื—ื“ ืขื•ืœื™ื ืืœ ื”ืฉื ื™ ื•ื›ืš ื”ืœืื”, ืขื ืงืคื™ืฆื•ืช. ื›ืœื•ืžืจ, ื™ืฉ ืชื›ื•ื ื•ืช ื™ืกื•ื“ ืฉื ืžืฆืื•ืช ื‘ื“ื•ืžื ื•ื ืžืฆืื•ืช ื’ื ื‘ืฆื•ืžื—, ื•ื”ืฆื•ืžื— ืžื•ืกื™ืฃ ืชื›ื•ื ื•ืช ืขืœ ืชื›ื•ื ื•ืช ื”ื“ื•ืžื, ื•ื›ืœ ืžื” ืฉื™ืฉ ื‘ืฆื•ืžื— ื•ื‘ื—ื™ ื ืžืฆื ื‘ืžื“ื‘ืจ, ื‘ืžื™ื™ื ื“, ืืœื ืฉื”ืžื™ื™ื ื“ ืžื•ืกื™ืฃ ืขืœื™ื”ื ืชื›ื•ื ื•ืช. ื›ืœื•ืžืจ, ื›ืœ ืžื” ืฉืงื™ื™ื ื‘ื“ืจื’ื” ืฉืžืชื—ืช, ืงื™ื™ืžื•ืช ื‘ื–ื• ืฉืžืขืœ, ื•ื‘ืขืœื™ื™ื” ื‘ืจืžื” ืžื•ืกื™ืคื™ื ืชื›ื•ื ื” ืžืชืคืชื—ืช ืฉื”ื™ื ื—ื“ืฉื” emerging quality.ื•ื”ื”ื ื—ื” ื”ื™ื “ืฉืžืข ื™ืฉืจืืœ…” ืงืจื™ ืฉื™ืฉ ืขื•ืœื ืื—ื“.
ื”ื”ื•ืœื•ื ืก ื”ืืœื• ื”ื ืชื›ื•ื ื•ืช ื™ืกื•ื“.

ื•ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ืื—ืจืช โ€“ ื”ื ื—ืช ื”ื™ืกื•ื“ ืฉืœ ื”ื•ืœื•ืŸ ื”ื™ื ืฉื‘ื›ืœ ื—ืœืง ื™ืฉ 2 ืืœืžื ื˜ื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื ืœื—ืœื•ื˜ื™ืŸ โ€“

ื”ืื—ื“ โ€“ ืืœืžื ื˜ ื”ื—ืœืงื™ื•ืช; ื‘ื›ืœ ื—ืœืง ื™ืฉ ื—ืœืงื™ื•ืช.

ื”ืฉื ื™ โ€“ ื‘ื›ืœ ื—ืœืง ื™ืฉ ื’ื ืฉืœืžื•ืช. ืœื“ื•ื’ืžื โ€“ ื™ืฉ ื ืงื•ื“ื”, ื™ืฉ ืื•ืช, ื™ืฉ ืžื™ืœื”, ื™ืฉ ืžืฉืคื˜, ื™ืฉ ืงื˜ืข, ื™ืฉ ืคืจืง, ื™ืฉ ืกืคืจ, ื™ืฉ ืกื˜ ืฉืœ ืกืคืจื™ื, ื™ืฉ ืกืคืจื™ื”. ื•ื›ืœ ืฉืœื‘ ื”ื•ื ืฉืœื ื‘ืขืฆืžื• ืืš ื”ื•ื ื’ื ื—ืœืง ืž-. ื•ืชืžื™ื“ ื™ืฉ ืœืฉืœื ืขืงืจื•ืŸ ืžืืจื’ืŸ ืฉืื™ืŸ ืœื—ืœืงื™ื. ืœืžืฉืœ ื™ืฉ ืชืื™ื ื•ื‘ื”ื ืื˜ื•ืžื™ื ื•ื–ื” ืžื’ื™ืข ืœืžืขืจื›ืช ื•ืœื‘ืกื•ืฃ ืœืื“ื. ื•ื‘ืขื•ืœื ื”ื‘ื™ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ ื™ืฉ ืืจื’ื•ืŸ ืขื•ืœื” ืฉืœ ื”ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ื•ื‘ื›ืœ ืขืœื™ื™ื” ื™ืฉ ืขื•ืžืง ืœืขื•ืžืช ื”ืฉืœื‘ ืฉืœืคื ื™ื”. ืœืžืฉืœ, ืื˜ื•ืžื™ื, ืื—”F, ืื˜ื•ืžื™ื ื•ืžื•ืœืง’, ื•ืื—”ื›, ื’ื ืชืื™ื, ื•ื›ื•’. ื•ื™ืฉ ื›ืœืœ โ€“ ื›ืฉื”ื•ืจืกื™ื ืžืฉื”ื• ื‘ืจืžื” ืขืœื™ื•ื ื” ืœื ืงื•ืจื” ื“ื‘ืจ ืœืžื” ืฉื™ืฉ ืžืชื—ืช. ืื ื”ื•ืจืกื™ื ืžืœืžื˜ื” ื–ื” ื”ื•ืจืก ืืช ื”ืœืžืขืœื”. ืื ืื ื™ ื”ื•ืจืก ื‘ื ื™ืŸ, ืื– ื—ื•ืžืจ ื”ื’ืœื ื ืฉืืจ, ืื ืื”ืจื•ืก ืืช ื—ื•ืžืจ ื”ื’ืœื, ืื™ืŸ ื‘ื ื™ืŸ. ืื ืื”ืจื•ืก ืืช ื”ืื˜ื•ืžื™ื, ืื™ืŸ ืื“ื, ื•ืื ื”ื•ืจืกื™ื ืืช ื”ืื“ื, ื”ืื˜ื•ืžื™ื ื ืฉืืจื™ื.
ืœื›ืœ ื“ื‘ืจ ื‘ืขื•ืœื, ืœืžืขืœื” ื•ืœืžื˜ื”, ื™ืฉ ืืช ื”ืชื›ื•ื ื” ื”ื–ื• ืฉืœ ื—ืœืง ื•ืฉืœ ืฉืœื.

ืคืชื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื” ื•ื—ื•ืœื™, ื’ื ืคื™ื–ื™ืช ื•ื’ื ืจื•ื—ื ื™ืช ื•ื’ื ื‘ื™ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ืช ื”ื•ื ืฉื™ืฉ ืจืฆื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ื—ืœืง ืœื”ืฉืชืœื˜, ืœื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื—ืœืง ืžื”ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ืฉืœืžื”, ืขืœ ื”ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ืฉืœืžื”.
ืื• โ€“ ื”ืคืชื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื” ื”ืฉื ื™ื” โ€“ ืฉืื”ื™ื” ืจืง ื—ืœืง.

ืœืžืฉืœ, ื‘ืกืคืจื•ืช , ื›ืฉื›ื•ืชื‘ื™ื, ื™ืฉ ืžืฉืคื˜ ืฉื‘ื•ืœื˜ ืžื“ื™ ื‘ืคื™ืกืงื” ืžื‘ื—ื™ื ื” ืกืคืจื•ืชื™ืช ื•ื™ืฉ ืžืฉืคื˜ ืฉืœื ืชื•ืคืก ืžืกืคื™ืง ืžืงื•ื. ื‘ื™ื—ื™ื“ืช ืžืฉื˜ืจื”, ื›ืœ ืื—ื“ ื”ื•ื ื—ืœืง ืžืžื ื” ื•ื’ื ืฉืœื. ืื• ืฉืžื™ืฉื”ื• ื‘ื•ืœื˜ ืžื“ื™ ืื• ืœื ืžืกืคื™ืง ื‘ื•ืœื˜.
Agency โ€“ ืขืฆืžืื•ืช, ืชื›ื•ื ืช ื”ืฉืœืžื•ืช.

ื—ืœืงื™ื•ืช โ€“ ืงื•ืžื™ื•ื ื™ื•ืŸ โ€“ ืื ื™ ื—ืœืง ืž-.
ืžื—ืœื•ืงืช ื‘ืขื‘ืจื™ืช ืคื™ืจื•ืฉื” ืฉืื ื™ ื›ืœ ื›ืš ืขื•ืžื“ ืขืœ ื”ื—ืœืง, ืฉืื ื™ ื‘ื›ืœืœ ืœื ืžืกื•ื’ืœ ืœืจืื•ืช ืืช ื”ืชืžื•ื ื” ื”ื›ื•ืœืœืช, ื•ื–ื” ื™ื•ืฆืจ ืžื—ืœื•ืงืช.
ืื™ืŸ ืื’’ื ืกื™ ื•ืงื•ืžื™ื•ื ื™ื•ืŸ, ืื™ืŸ ื‘ืืœืื ืก ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืชื›ื•ื ื•ืช.
ื•ืื– ื›ืœ ืื—ื“ ื ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืคืจืกืคืงื˜ื™ื‘ื” ,ื‘ื—ืœืง, ืฉืœื•, ื•ืœื ืžืกื•ื’ืœื™ื ืœืจืื•ืช ืืช ื”ืžืขืจืš ื”ืฉืœื.
ื“ื•ื’’ ื ื•ืกืคืช โ€“ ืžื•ื ืจื›ื™ื” โ€“ ื—ืœืง ืื—ื“ (ืžืœืš) ืฉื•ืœื˜ ืขืœ ื›ืœ ื”ืžืขืจื›ืช. ื™ืฉ ื›ืืŸ ื—ื•ืœื™ ืฉืœ ืื’’ื ืกื™, ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžื“ื™ ื˜ืขื ื” ืžืฆื“ ืื—ื“ ืœืฉืœืžื•ืช ืžื•ื—ืœื˜ืช ืฉืžืขื™ื‘ ืขืœ ืฉืืจ ื”ื—ืœืงื™ื.
ื“ื•ื’’ ื ื•ืกืคืช โ€“ ืกืจื˜ืŸ ื‘ื’ื•ืฃ โ€“ ืชื ืžืชืจื‘ื” ื‘ื”ืชืขืœืžื•ืช ืžืŸ ื”ื”ืงืฉืจ ืฉืœื• ืžื‘ื—ื™ื ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ืช. ื•ื”ืชืขืœืžื•ืช ื–ื• ื™ื•ืฆืจืช ืืช ื”ืชื›ื•ื ื” ื”ื–ื• ืฉืœ ื”ืกืจื˜ืŸ ืฉืžืชืจื‘ื” ื‘ื–ืจื™ื–ื•ืช.

ื›ืœื•ืžืจ โ€“
1. ื™ืฉ ืฉืจืฉืจืช ื’ื“ื•ืœื” ืฉืœ ื”ื•ื•ื™ื™ื”.
2. ื›ืœ ื”ืชื›ื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืงื™ื™ืžื•ืช ื‘ื—ืœืง ืื—ื“ ืงื™ื™ืžื•ืช ื‘ืฉื ื™, ืืœื ืฉื”ืฉื ื™ ืžื•ืกื™ืฃ ืชื›ื•ื ื•ืช.

ืžืขืœ ‘ืžื“ื‘ืจ’, ื‘’ื›ื•ื–ืจื™’ ื™ืฉ ืืช ื”ืžื•ืฉื’ ‘ื™ืฉืจืืœ’; ื”ืžืฉืžืขื•ืช ื”ื™ื โ€“ ืื“ื ืžื•ืืจ. ื”ื•ื ืจื•ืฆื” ืœื•ืžืจ ืฉื”ื”ื‘ื“ืœ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืื“ื ื”ืžื•ืืจ ืœื‘ื™ืŸ ืื—ืจ ื”ื•ื ื”ืงืฉืจ ื”ื‘ืœืชื™ ืืžืฆืขื™ ื‘ื™ืŸ ืื“ื ืœื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืืœื•ื”ื•ืช. ื”ืžืจื—ืง ื‘ื™ืŸ ืื“ื ืจื’ื™ืœ ืœื‘ื™ืŸ ืžื•ืืจ ื–ื” ื›ืžื• ืฉืœื‘ ืื—ืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืžืฆื™ืื•ืช. ืืš ื’ื ื›ืืŸ ื™ืฉ ืฆืœ โ€“ ืฉื”ืื“ื ื”ืžื•ืืจ ื™ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ื”ืืจื” ืฉืœื• ืœื”ืฉืชืœื˜ ืขืœ ืื—ืจื™ื.
ื”ื›ื•ื–ืจื™ ื—ื™ ื‘ืขื•ืœื ืืชื ื•ืฆื ื˜ืจื™ ื•ืœื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ื”ื™ื” ืœืจืื•ืช ืืช ื”ื”ืืจื” ืžืขื‘ืจ ืœืงื‘ื•ืฆื” ืฉืœื•.

ืืš ื”ื”ื™ืจืจื›ื™ื” ืงื™ื™ืžืช, ื•ื”ื™ื ื ืžืฆืืช ื‘ื›ืœ ืชื—ื•ืžื™ ื”ืžืฆื™ืื•ืช. ืื™ืŸ ืชื—ื•ื ื‘ืžืฆื™ืื•ืช ืฉืื™ืŸ ื‘ื• ื”ื™ืจืจื›ื™ื”. ืื™ืŸ ‘ื”ื›ืœ ืฉื•ื•ื”’. ื›ืœืœื™ ื”ืžืฆื™ืื•ืช ื”ื ืฉืชืžื™ื“ ื™ืฉ ื”ื™ืจืจื›ื™ื”. ืชืžื™ื“ ื™ืฉ ืžืฉื”ื• ืฉื”ื•ื ื˜ื•ื‘ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืื—ืจ, ืืš ื™ืฉ ื‘ื–ื” ืฆืœ, ื•ื”ืฆืœ ื”ื•ื ืฉื”ืฆื“ ืฉื”ื•ื ื›ืื™ืœื• ื™ื•ืชืจ ื˜ื•ื‘ โ€“ ื“ื•ื’ืžื:

ืงื•ืœื‘ืจื’ ืžื“ื‘ืจ ืขืœ 4 ื“ืจื’ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืชืคืชื—ื•ืช ืžื•ืกืจื™ืช โ€“ 1. ืื’ื•ืฆื ื˜ืจื™ = ืžืขื’ืœ ื”ืื›ืคืชื™ื•ืช ืฉืœื™ ืžืฆื˜ืฆืžื ื‘ืขืฆืžื™ 2. ืืชื ื•ืฆื ื˜ืจื™ = ืžืขื’ืœ ื”ืื›ืคืชื™ื•ืช ืฉืœื™ ื›ื•ืœืœ ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ืงื‘ื•ืฆื” ืฉืœื™, ื–ื” ื›ื•ืœืœ ืืช ื”ืจืžื” ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื” 3. ื•ื•ืจืœื“ืฆื ื˜ืจื™ = ืขื•ืœื-ืฆื ื˜ืจื™ = ืžืขื’ืœ ื”ืื›ืคืชื™ื•ืช ืฉืœื™ ืฉื™ื™ืš ืœืขื•ืœื ื›ื•ืœื• 4. ื›ืœ ื”ื”ื•ื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ื—ื™ื•ืช 5. ืงื•ืกืžื•ืฆื ื˜ืจื™ = ื›ืœ ื”ืงื•ืกืžื•ืก.
ื•ืื—ื“ ื™ื•ืชืจ ื˜ื•ื‘ ืžื”ืฉื ื™. ื–ื• ืงื‘ื™ืขื” ืขืจื›ื™ืช, ื•ืื™ืŸ ืœืคื—ื“ ืžืžื ื”. ื–ื” ืžืขื’ืœ ืจื—ื‘ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ืื›ืคืชื™ื•ืช ื•ื—ืžืœื”. ืื ื• ืฆืจื™ื›ื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžืกื•ื’ืœื™ื ืœื”ื’ื™ื“ ืงื•ื ื˜ืงืกื˜ ืžื•ืกืจื™. ืื™ืŸ ืžื™ืฉื”ื• ื‘ืขื•ืœื ืฉืœื ืขื•ืฉื” ืžืฉื”ื• ืžื•ืกืจื™ ืืš ืขื•ืฉื™ื ื–ืืช ื‘ื’ืœื•ื™ ืื• ื‘ืกืชืจ. ืื™ืŸ ืžื™ืฉื”ื• ื‘ืขื•ืœื ืฉืžืกื•ื’ืœ ืœื—ื™ื•ืช ืœืœื ืžื•ืกืจื™ื•ืช. ืืœื• ืคืจื™ื™ืžื™ื ืฉืื™ ืืคืฉืจ ื‘ืฉื•ื ืฆื•ืจื” ืœื”ื™ืžืœื˜ ืžื”ื.

ื”ืงื‘ื™ืขื” ืฉื™ืฉ ืžืขื’ืœ ืžื›ื™ืœ/ืจื—ื‘ ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื™ื•ืชืจ โ€“ ื–ื” ืื•ืžืจ ืฉื”ืžืขื’ืœ ื”ื–ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ื˜ื•ื‘, ื–ื• ืงื‘ื™ืขื” ื”ื™ืจืจื›ื™ืช. ื•ืื™ืš ืื ื• ื™ื•ื“ืขื™ื ืฉื–ื” ื ื›ื•ืŸ? ื–ื” ื˜ื™ื‘ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืžืฆื™ืื•ืช. ืกื“ืจ ืขื•ืœื” ืฉืœ ื”ืžืฆื™ืื•ืช assending order. ืžื™ ืงื‘ืข ื–ืืช? ื‘ืžื—ืงืจื™ื ืฉื ืขืฉื• ื‘ 50 ืฉื ื™ื ืฉืขื‘ืจื• ื”ืื ืฉื™ื ืฉื”ื™ื• ื”ืกื•ื‘ื™ื™ืงื˜ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืžื—ืงืจื™ื ื‘ืขืฆืžื ืงื‘ืขื•, ื‘ื›ืœ ื”ืขื•ืœื, ื‘ื›ืœ ื”ืžื—ืงืจื™ื, ืฉื”ื ื”ืจื’ื™ืฉื• ืžื‘ื—ื™ื ื” ืคื ื™ืžื™ืช ื”ืชืคืชื—ื•ืช ืžื•ืกืจื™ืช ืฉืขื•ืœื” ืžืžืฉื”ื• ื ื—ื•ืช ืœืžืฉื”ื• ืขืœื™ื•ืŸ ื›ืฉื”ื ืขืœื• ืžืื’ื•ืฆื ื˜ืจื™ื•ืช ืœืืชื ื•ืฆ’ ื•ื›ื•’.
ื–ื• ื”ื™ืจืจื›ื™ื”. ื•ื™ืฉ ื”ื™ืจืจื›ื™ื” ืžื•ืฉื—ืชืช ื•ื™ืฉ ื”ื™ืจืจื›ื™ื” ืงื“ื•ืฉื”.

ื”ื™ืจืจื›ื™ื” ืžื•ืฉื—ืชืช ืžื‘ื•ืกืกืช ืขืœ ืงื‘ื™ืขื” ืฉืจื™ืจื•ืชื™ืช ืฉืœื ื‘ืื” ืžื”ื•ืกืคืช ืจื‘ื“ื™ ืขื•ืžืง.
ื›ืœ ืงื‘ื™ืขื” ืฉื‘ืื” ืžื”ื•ืกืคืช ืจืžื•ืช ืขื•ืžืง ืื•ื‘ื™ื™ืงื˜ื™ื‘ื™ื•ืช, ืœืžืฉืœ, ื”ืจื—ื‘ืช ืžืขื’ืœื™ ื”ืื›ืคื›ืชื™ื•ืช ื•ื”ื—ืžืœื”, ื”ื™ ื ื”ื™ืจืจื›ื™ื” ืืžื™ืชื™ืช. ื•ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื“ืขืช ืœืื‘ื—ืŸ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ื™ืจืจื›’ ืžื•ืฉื—ืชืช ืœื”ื™ืจืจื›’ ืืžื™ืชื™ืช.

ื›ื™ื•ื ื™ืฉ ืกื—ื™ืคื” ื‘ืขื•ืœื ืœื”ื’ื™ื“ ืฉืื™ืŸ ื”ื™ืจืจื›ื™ื” ื‘ื›ืœืœ. ืืš ืžื™ ืฉื‘ื ื•ื˜ื•ืขืŸ ืฉื™ื•ืชืจ ื˜ื•ื‘ ืฉืื™ืŸ ื”ื™ืจืจื›ื™ื” ืžืืฉืจ ืฉื™ืฉ โ€“ ื–ื• ื”ื™ืจืจื›ื™ื” ื›ืฉืœืขืฆืžื”. ื›ืš ื‘ื™ืงืจื• ืืช ืคื•ืงื•, ืฉื›ืชื‘ ื›ืš ื‘ื”ืชื—ืœืช ื›ืชื‘ื™ื•, ื•ืงืจืื• ืœื–ื” ืกืชื™ืจื” ืžื ื™ื” ื•ื‘ื™ื”.
ืื™ ืืคืฉืจ ืœื”ืฉืชื—ืจืจ ืžืŸ ื”ืžืฆื™ืื•ืช ืฉืœืคื™ื” ื™ืฉ ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืฉื”ื ืคืฉื•ื˜ ื™ื•ืชืจ ื˜ื•ื‘ื™ื, ืงืจื™, ืžื•ืœื™ื“ื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ื˜ื•ื‘ ื‘ืขื•ืœื.
ืœืžืฉืœ, ื‘ืžื—ืงืจื™ื ืฉืœ ืคื™ืื–’ื” โ€“ ืžื“ื‘ืจ ื”ืžื•ืŸ ืขืœ ืจืžื•ืช ื”ื”ืชืคืชื—ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ื™ืœื“. ืจืžื” ืฉื ืงืจืืช pre afetiv of logic โ€“ ืœื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื›ื™ืœ ืฉืžื™ืฉื”ื• ืื—ืจ ืจื•ืื” ืžืฉื”ื• ืื—ืจ ืžืžื” ืฉื”ื•ื ืจื•ืื”. ื›ืฉื”ื•ื ื™ื’ื“ืœ ื”ื•ื ื™ื‘ื™ืŸ ื–ืืช, ื–ืืช ืจืžื” ืฉื ื™ื” ืื—ืจืช ืฉืœ ื”ื”ืชืคืชื—ื•ืช. ื‘ื˜ื‘ืข ืขืฆืžื• , ื‘ื—ื•ืง ื”ื˜ื‘ืข ืขืฆืžื• ืžื•ืฉืจืฉ ื˜ื•ื‘ ื•ืจืข, ื•ืฆืจื™ืš ืœืขืงื•ืจ ืืช ื”ืืœื™ืœื•ืช ื”ืžื•ื“ืจื ื™ืช ืฉืื•ืžืจืช ืฉืื™ืŸ ืงื‘ื™ืขื•ืช.
ืœืžืฉืœ, ื‘ื”ื•ื“ื• โ€“ ืฉื•ืจืคื™ื ืืช ื”ืืœืžื ื” ื•ื–ื” ืจืข.

ื‘ืžืฆื™ืื•ืช ื™ืฉ wholearchy = ื”ื•ืœืจื›ื™ื”, ื–ื• ื”ื”ื™ืจืจื›ื™ื” ื”ื ื›ื•ื ื”. ืœืžืฉืœ, ื”ืขืจืš ื”ืžื•ื—ืœื˜ ืฉืœ ื—ื™ื™ ืื“ื, ืœืขืœื•ืช ืžืชืคื™ืกื” ืคืจ-ืคืจืกื•ื ืœื™ืช ืœืจืžื” ืฉืœ ืคืจืกื•ื ืœื™ืช, ืœืคื™ื” ื™ืฉ ืขืจืš ืžื•ื—ืœื˜ ืฉืœ ื—ื™ื™ื ืขืฆืžืื™ื™ื โ€“ ื–ื• ื”ืชืงื“ืžื•ืช.
ืชืจื‘ื•ืช ืฉืื•ืžืจืช ืฉื™ืฉ ืžื•ืฉื’ ืฉืœ ืขื‘ื“ื•ืช ืขื•ืฉื” ื“ื”-ืคืจืกื•ื ืœื™ื–ืฆื™ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืคืจื˜. ื”ืชืงื“ืžื•ืช ื‘ืขื•ืœื ื–ื• ื”ื›ืจื” ืฉืœื›ืœ ืคืจื˜ ื™ืฉ ืขืจืš ืžื•ื—ืœื˜.
ืชืจื‘ื•ืช ื”ืื™ื ืงื” – ืขืงืจื• ืœื‘ื‘ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืื ืฉื™ื. ืืš ื ื—ืฉื‘ื• ืžื•ืืจื™ื.
(ืœื”ื•ืกื™ืฃ ื›ืืŸ โ€“ ืกื˜ื™ื™ื˜ืก ื•ืกื˜ื™ื™ื’’ืก).
ื”ื”ื›ืจื” ืฉื™ืฉ ืขืจืš ืžื•ื—ืœื˜ ืœื—ื™ื™ ืื“ื ื”ื•ื‘ืื” ืœืจืืฉื•ื ื” ื‘ืชื•ืจื”, ื‘ืฆืœื ืืœื•ื”ื™ื ื‘ืจื ืืช ื”ืื“ื, ืคื™ืจื•ืฉื• โ€“ ื™ืฉ ืขืจืš ืžื•ื—ืœื˜ ืœื—ื™ื™ ืื“ื. ื–ื• ืงื‘ื™ืขื” ืจื•ื—ื ื™ืช. ื–ื• ื”ืชืงื“ืžื•ืช, ื–ื” ืœื ื”ื™ื” ืงื•ื“ื ืœื›ืŸ, ืœืžืขื˜ ื‘ืขื•ืœื ื”ืžืงืจืื™, ืืš ื’ื ืฉื ื”ื™ื™ืชื” ืคืจื™ื–ืžื” ืืชื ื•ืฆื ืจื™ืช, ืœื›ืŸ ืื ืืชื” ืขืžืœืง โ€“ ืื™ืŸ ืขืจืš ืžื•ื—ืœื˜ ืœื—ื™ื™ ืื“ื.

ื›ืขืช ื ืจืื” ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืจืขื™ื•ื ื•ืช ืืœื• ืžืชื—ื™ืœื™ื ืœื”ืฉืชืงืฃ ื‘ืžืงื•ืจื•ืช ืฉืœื ื•.

ื”ื•ืœืจื›ื™ื” โ€“ ื”ืชืคื™ืกื” ืฉืื ื™ ืื•ืžืจ ืฉืื ื™ ืฉืœื, ื‘ืขืฆืžื™, ื‘ืžื”ื•ืชื™, ื’ื ืื ื™ืฉ ืœื™ ืฆืจื›ื™ื. ืืš ื‘ืื” ื”ืชืคื™ืกื” ื”ื”ื•ืœืจื›ื™ืช ื•ืื•ืžืจืช โ€“ ืืชื” ื’ื ื—ืœืง, ืœืžืฉืœ, ื—ืœืง ืฉืœ ื”ืžืฉืคื—ื” ืฉืœืš, ืฉืœ ื”ืงืฉืจ ืฉืœืš. ื–ื• ื’ื“ืœื•ืชื” ืฉืœ ืื”ื‘ื”, ืœื›ืŸ ืื•ืžืจื™ื โ€“ ืื”ื‘ื” ื”ื™ื ื”ืืจื” ืžื™ื ื™ืื˜ื•ืจื™ืช. ื›ื™ ืื”ื‘ื” ืžื•ืจื™ืฉื” ื‘ื™ ืืช ื”ื”ื‘ื ื” ืฉื—ืฉื‘ืชื™ ืฉืื ื™ ืฉืœื ื‘ืขืฆืžื™ ื•ืคืชืื•ื ืื ื™ ืžื‘ื™ืŸ ืฉืื ื™ ืœื ืฉืœื ื‘ืœืขื“ื™ ื‘ืช ื”ื–ื•ื’ ืฉืœื™.
ืื”ื‘ื” ืžืœืžื“ืช ืื•ืชื™ ืฉืื ื™ ืžื‘ื™ืŸ ืฉืื ื™ ื—ืœืง ื•ืืช ืžืฉืœื™ืžื” ืื•ืชื™. ืื”ื‘ื” ืžื•ืฆื™ืื” ืืช ื”ืื“ื ืžืืฉืœื™ื™ืช ืฉืœืžื•ืชื•. ืืœื ืฉืื ื™ ืœื ืจืง ื—ืœืง ืžืžืš, ืืœื ืฉื ื™ื ื• ื’ื ื—ืœืง ืžืžืฉื”ื• ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื™ื•ืชืจ. ื‘ืกื•ืคื• ืฉืœ ื“ื‘ืจ, ืื“ื ื‘ืขืฆืžื•ืชื• ื”ื•ื ืื“ื ืื•ื˜ื•ื ื•ืžื™, ืขืฆืžืื™, ืฉืœื, ื•ื—ืœืง ืžืŸ ื”ืืœื•ื”ื•ืช, ืžืŸ ื”ืฉื“ื” ื”ืื ืจื’ื˜ื™ ื”ืืœื•ื”ื™. ืื“ื ื‘ืขืฆืžื•ืชื• ื”ื•ื ื—ืœืง ื•ื”ื•ื ื’ื “ื—ืœืง ืืœื•ื” ืžืžืขืœ ืžืžืฉ”, ื‘ืฉืคืช ื”ืงื‘ืœื” (ื”ืจืžื—”ืœ). ื“ื”ื™ื™ื ื•, ื”ื—ืœืงื™ื•ืช ืฉืœื• ืื•ืžืจืช ืฉื”ื•ื ื—ืœืง ืžืžืฉื”ื• ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืขืฆืžื•, ื•ืขืœ ื–ื” ื ืืžืจ โ€“ ื›ืœ ื™ืฉืจืืœ ื™ืฉ ืœื• ื—ืœืง ื‘ืขื•ืœื ื”ื‘ื.

ื›ืœื•ืžืจ, “ื›ืœ ื™ืฉืจืืœ” = ื”ื“ืจืš ืฉืื ื™ ื ื”ื™ื™ื” ื‘ืขืœ ืขื•ืœื ื”ื‘ื, ืงืจื™, ื‘ืขืœ ื”ืืจื”, ื”ื™ื ื“ืจืš ื”ื–ื™ื•ื•ื’ ืขื ื”ื—ืœืง ื”ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืฉืœื™. ืื ืื ื™ ืฉืœื, ืื™ืŸ ืœื™ ื›ื ื™ืกื” ืœืขื•ืœื ื”ื‘ื, ืงืจื™, ืœื”ืืจื”. ืœื›ืœ ื™ืฉืจืืœ ื™ืฉ X ื‘ืขื•ืœื ื‘ื. ืื ื• ื—ื•ืฉื‘ื™ื ืฉื”ืื“ื ื”ืฉืœื ื”ื•ื ื‘ืขื•ืœื ื”ื‘ื, ืืš ื–ื” ื”ืคื•ืš โ€“ ื”ืื“ื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื›ื ืก ืœืฉื ืจืง ืื ื”ื•ื ื—ืœืง. ื›ืœื•ืžืจ, ื”ื›ืจื˜ื™ืก ื›ื ื™ืกื” ืฉืœื™ ืœืขื•ืœื ื”ื‘ื ื–ื” ืœื”ื›ื™ืจ ื‘ื—ืœืง ืฉืœื™. ืื ื™ืฉ ืœื™ ื—ืœืง ืฉืœ ืžื™ืฉื”ื• ืื—ืจ, ืื™ื ื™ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื›ื ืก. ืื™ื–ื”ื• ืขืฉื™ืจ? ื”ืฉืžื— ื‘ื—ืœืงื•. ืงืจื™, ืจืง ืžื™ ืฉื™ืฉ ืœื• ื”ื—ืœืง ื”ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืœื•, ื™ืงื‘ืœ ื›ืจื˜ื™ืก ื›ื ื™ืกื” ืœื”ืืจื”, ืฉื”ื™ื ืขื•ืœื ื”ื‘ื. ืื ื™ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืœื”ืืจื”, ืกืคื™ืจืช ื‘ื™ื ื” ืœืคื™ ื”ื–ื•ื”ืจ, ืžืงื•ื ืฉืœ ‘ื™ืื™ืจ ื”” ื‘ืœืฉื•ืŸ ื”ืจื‘ื™ ืžืื™ืฉื‘ื™ืฅ, ืฉื”ื•ื ื‘ื—ื™ื ืช ื‘ื™ื ืช ื”ืœื‘ โ€“ ื“ืจืš ื”ื—ืœืง. ืจืง ื“ืจืš ื”ื—ืœืง ื”ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืœื™ ืื ื™ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืœืขื•ืœื ื”ื‘ื, ืœื”ืืจื”.

ื’ื ื‘ืžืฉื”ื• ืฉื”ื•ื ื”ื“ืจื’ืชื™ ื™ืฉ ืžืขื‘ืจ ืžืกื•ื™ื ืฉืœ ืžื—ืกื•ื; ืขื•ืœื ื”ื‘ื ื–ื” ื›ืืŸ. ื”ื’ืื•ืœื” ืชืžื™ื“ ื ืžืฆืืช, ื–ื• ื”ืชืคื™ืกื” ื”ืงืœืืกื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ื—ืกื™ื“ื•ืช, ืฉืœ ื”ืื™ืฉื‘ื™ืฅ. ื”ืืจื” ืชืžื™ื“ ื ืžืฆืืช, ืืœื ืฉืฆืจื™ืš ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืžืฉื”ื• ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืืœื™ื”. ื•ืžื” ืื ื™ ืฆืจื™ืš ืœืขืฉื•ืช? ื›ืืŸ ืชืคื™ืกื” ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ืช ืฉืœ ื”ื—ื›ืžื” ื”ืขื‘ืจื™ืช, ืฉืกื•ืชืจืช ืœื—ืœื•ื˜ื™ืŸ ืืช ืชืคื™ืกืช ื”ืื“ื•ื•ื™ื™ื˜ื” ื‘ื‘ื•ื“ื”ื™ื–ื โ€“ ื”ื“ืจืš ืฉื‘ื• ืื ื™ ืžื’ื™ืข ืœื”ืืจื” ื”ื™ื ื“ืจืš ื”ื—ืœืง, ื›ืœื•ืžืจ, ื›ืœ ื”ืขื•ืœื ื”ื•ื whole-part, ืื ื™ ื’ื ืฉืœื ื•ื’ื ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ื™. ืจืง ื“ืจืš ืชื›ื•ื ืช ื”ื—ืœืง ืฉืœื™ ื”ื™ื—ื•ื“ื™ ืฉืœื™ ืื ื™ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืœืขื•ืœื ื”ื‘ื.

ืื”ื‘ื” ืืฃ ื”ื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืื’ื•ืฆื ื˜ืจื™ืช, ืืชื ื•ืฆื ื˜ืจื™ืช ื›ื•ื•’. ื–ื” ืงืฉื•ืจ ืœืกื˜ื™ื™ื˜ โ€“ ื’ื ืื”ื‘ื” ืฆืจื™ื›ื” ืœื”ืชืคืจืฉ ื“ืจืš ืจืžืช ื”ื”ืชืคืชื—ื•ืช, ื”ืกื˜ื™ื™ื’’. ื”ืคืจื“ื•ืงืก โ€“ ืื”ื‘ื” ื›ืฉืœืขืฆืžื” ื”ื™ื ืœื ื—ื•ื•ื™ื™ื” ื’ื•ืืœืช โ€“ ืœืžืฉืœ, ืื™ื™ื›ืžืŸ ื—ื–ืจ ื”ื‘ื™ื™ืชื” ื•ืื”ื‘ ืืช ื™ืœื“ื™ื•., ืืš ื–ื” ื”ื•ื’ื‘ืœ ื‘ืจืžื” ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืชืคืชื—ื•ืช. ื•ืœื›ืŸ, ืื”ื‘ื” ืžืจืคืื” ืจืง ื‘ืจืžื” ืžืกื•ื™ืžืช ืฉืœ ื”ืชืคืชื—ื•ืช, ื•ื‘ืจืžื” ื ืžื•ื›ื” โ€“ ื”ื•ืจืกืช. ืื”ื‘ื” ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžืคืจื™ื“ ืื• ืžืื—ื“ืช.

ื™ืฉ ื“ื™ื‘ื•ืจ ื‘ืื“ื•ื•ื™ื™ื˜ื” ืขืœ ื”ืืจื” ืœื-ืคืจืกื•ื ืœื™ืช. ื”ืชืคื™ืกื” ืฉื ืฆื™ื’ ื›ืืŸ ืกื•ืชืจืช ื–ืืช. ื›ื™ ื›ืœ ื”ืืจื” ื”ื™ื ืคืจืกื•ื ืœื™ืช. ื›ืœื•ืžืจ, ื–ื” ื‘ื ื“ืจืš ืœื ืœื”ืงื”ื•ืช ืืช ื”ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ ืฉืœื™ ืืœื ืœื—ื“ื“ ืืช ื”ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ ืฉืœื™. ื•ื‘ืขื‘ืจื™ืช โ€“ ‘ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“’ ื–ื” ื‘ืงื‘ืœื”, union, ืžื™ืœื” ื ืจื“ืคืช ืœื”ืืจื”. ื•ื’ื โ€“ ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ื™ื•ืช. ื”ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ ืขืฆืžื• ืžื‘ื™ื ืœื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ื™ื•ืช ื•ืžื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ื™ื•ืช ืื ื™ ืžื’ื™ืข ืœื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ (ืื—ื“ื•ืช).

ืคื ื™ื โ€“ ืžืกื›ืช ืกื ื”ื“ืจื™ืŸ โ€“ ื›ืฉื ืฉืคืจืฆื•ืคื™ื”ื ืฉื•ื ื•ืช, ื›ืš ื“ืขื•ืชื™ื”ื ืฉื•ื ื•ืช โ€“ ื”ืคื ื™ื ื”ื ืžืงื•ื ื”ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“, ื”ืคื ื™ื ื–ื” ื”ืคื ื™ืžื™ื•ืช. ื”ื’ื•ืฃ ื–ื” ื—ื™ืฆื•ื ื™ื•ืช. ืคื ื™ื ื–ื” ื“ื‘ืจ ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ื™. ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ‘ืœืคื ื™ ื”” inside’ before’ face โ€“ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืคื ื™ืžื™ื•ืช ืคื ื™ ื”ืืœ. ื–ื” ืกื•ื’ ืฉืœ ื”ืืจื”, ืฉืœ union. ื•ืžืื™ืคื” ื–ื” ื‘ื? ืžืคื ื™ื , ืฉื–ื” ื”ื“ื‘ืจ ื”ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ื™. ื›ืœื•ืžืจ, ื”ืคื ื™ื, ื”ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ ื”ืื™ื ืกื•ืคื™ ืฉืœื™, ื”ื ืฉืžื›ื ื™ืกื™ื ืื•ืชื™ ืœืืœื•ื”ื•ืช, ื•ื–ื” ืจืง ื“ืจืš ื”ืคื ื™ืžื™ื•ืช ื”ืื™ื ืกื•ืคื™ืช ื”ื™ื—ื•ื“ื™ืช ืฉืœื™.

ืœืคื ื™ ื”’ โ€“ ืœืคื ื™ ื”ืฉื โ€“ ืžื” ื–ื” ‘ื”ืฉื’? ื”ืฉื ืฉืœื™, name, ‘ืฉืžื™ ื”ืืœ’, ‘ื™ืชื’ื“ืœ ื•ื™ืชืงื“ืฉ ืฉืžื™ ืจื‘ื’, ื•ื›ื•’ โ€“ ืžื” ืคืชืื•ื ืžื–ื›ื™ืจื™ื ืืช ื”ืฉื ืžื•ืœ ื”ืกื‘ืœ ื•ื”ืขื•ื ื™? ื”ืจื™ ื–ื• ืืžืจื” ืชื™ืื•ืœื•ื’ื™ืช ืฉืžื’ื“ื™ืœื” ืœื›ืื•ืจื” ืืช ืฉื ื”ืืœ, ื•ืฉื•ืืœื™ื ืืช ื”ืžืงื•ื‘ืœื™ื ืื™ืš ื–ื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืฉื–ื” ืžื” ืฉื™ืฉ ืœื ื• ืœื•ืžืจ ืžื•ืœ ืงื‘ืจ ืคืชื•ื—! ื•ื”ื ื” ื”ืชืฉื•ื‘ื”-

ื”ื‘ืขืœ ืฉื ื˜ื•ื‘ โ€“ ืžื™ื™ืกื“ ื”ื—ืกื™ื“ื•ืช; ื”ื‘ื™ืื• ืื•ืชื• ืœื“ื™ืŸ ื‘ืฉืžื™ื™ื ื›ื™ ืืžืจื• ืฉื”ื•ื ืขื•ืฉื” ืžืขืฉื™ ืžื•ืคืชื™ื ื•ื ื™ืกื™ื ืœืœื ืจืฉื•ืช ื”’, ื•ืื– ื”ืขืœื• ืื•ืชื• ื‘ืขืœื™ื™ืช ื ืฉืžื” ืขื“ ื”ืฉืžื™ื™ื ื•ืคืชื—ื• ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ืงืžื™ืขื•ืช ืฉืœื•, ื•ืืžืจื• ืฉื”ื•ื ืžืฉืชืžืฉ ื ื’ื“ ื”ื”ืœื›ื”, ื•ื”ื‘ืขืฉ”ื˜ ื”ื›ื—ื™ืฉ, ื•ื”ืชื‘ืจืจ ืฉื‘ืงืžื™ืขื•ืช ื”ื•ื ื›ืชื‘ ืืช ืฉืžื• ืฉืœื•, ื•ื–ื” ืื•ืžืจ ืฉืœืฉื ืฉืœ ื”ื‘ืขืฉ”ื˜ ื™ืฉ ืื•ืชื• ื›ื•ื— ืฉืœ ืฉื ื”ืืœ, ื›ื™ ื›ืฉืื ื™ ืžื–ื“ื•ื•ื’ ื‘ืฉืžื™ ื”ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ื™ ืฉื–ื” ื”ืคื ื™ื ืฉืœื™ ื•ื”ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ ืฉืœื™ ืื– ืื ื™ ื‘ืืœื•ื”ื•ืช, ื•ืœื›ืŸ ืฉื™ืจ ื”ืฉื™ืจื™ื ื–ื” ื”ืชื•ืจื” ื›ื•ืœื”, ืฉื™ืจ ื”ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“, ืฉื™ืจ ื”ืงื•ื“ืฉ ืงื•ื“ืฉื™ื, ื•ื ืืžืจ ืฉื โ€“ ืื™ืฉ ื•ืื™ืฉื” ืฉื›ื™ื ื” ื‘ื™ื ื™ื”ื โ€“ ืื—ืจืช ืื ืžื•ืฆื™ืื™ื ืืช ื”ื™ื•ื“ ื•ื”ื”ื ื ืฉืืจืช ืืฉ, ื™ืฉ ‘ืืฉ’ ืื•ื›ืœื”, ื›ืžื• ืฉื”ืฉื›ื™ื ื” ืฉื•ืจื” ื‘ื™ืŸ ืฉื ื™ ื”ื›ืจื•ื‘ื™ื. ื•ื›ืฉืื™ืฉ ื•ืื™ืฉื” ืžื—ื•ื‘ืจื™ื ืื•ืžืจื™ื ‘ื”ื• ืืœื•ื”ื™ื’, ืžื—ืงืจ ืฉืœ ื“ื•ืŸ ืกื™ืžื•ืŸ โ€“ ืื• ื”ืฉื ืฉืœ ื”ื–ื•ืœืช. ื•ื–ื” ืื•ืžืจ ืฉื“ื•ื•ืงื ื‘ื–ืžืŸ ื”ื–ื™ื•ื•ื’, ื”ืื•ืชื ื˜ื™ื•ืช ื”ืžื•ื—ืœื˜ืช ืฉื‘ื• ืžืชื’ืœื” ืขื•ืžืง ื”ืจื•ื— ืื ื™ ืžื‘ื™ืŸ ืฉืฉื ื”ืืœ ื•ืฉื ื”ื–ื•ืœืช ื–ื” ืื•ืชื• ืฉื, ื•ืื ื™ ืžื’ื™ืข ืœื”ืขืžืงืช ืฉื ื”ืืœ ื“ืจืš ื”ืขืžืงืช ืฉืžื™. ื•ื›ืฉืžื™ืฉื”ื• ื ืคื˜ืจ ืžื’ื™ืขื™ื ืœื—ื™ืœื•ืœ ื”ืฉื, ื•ืื– ืื•ืžืจื™ื ‘ืงื“ื™ืฉ’, ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื’ื“ื™ืœ ืืช ื”ืฉื, ืื™ืš? ื‘ื”ืกืคื“ โ€“ ืžืงื‘ืœ ื•ืžื›ื™ืจ ืืช ื”ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ ืฉืœ ื”ืฉื ืฉืœื”ื, ื•ื–ื” ืžื” ืฉื”ืžืกืคื™ื“ ืขื•ืฉื”, ืœื“ืขืช ืœื”ื›ื™ืจ ื•ืœื”ืขืžื™ืง ื‘ื˜ื‘ื™ืขืช ื”ื ืฉืžื” ืฉืœ ื”ื–ื•ืœืช ืฉื ืคื˜ืจ, ื•ื‘ื”ืขืžืงื” ื–ื• ืื ื™ ืขื•ืฉื” ื”ื’ื“ืœืช ืฉืžื• ืฉืœ ื”ื ืคื˜ืจ, ื›ื™ ืื ืœื ื”ื›ืจืชื™ ืืช ืฉืžื• ืื– ื–ื” ื—ื™ืœื•ืœ ื”ืฉื. ื•ืœื›ืŸ ืงื“ื™ืฉ ื ืงืจื ืชืคื™ืœืช ืชื™ืงื•ืŸ ื”’ ื›ื™ ืขื•ืฉื™ื ืชื™ืงื•ืŸ ื‘ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืชื• ืฉืœ ื”ืืœ ื›ื™ ื”ืืœ ื—ื•ืœื” โ€“ ืื™ืš? ื‘ื›ืš ืฉืื ื™ ืžื›ื™ืจ ืืช ืฉื ื”ืื“ื ื•…….ื•ื–ื” ื”ื”ื•ืœื•ืŸ ื•ื›ืฉืื ื™ ืžื™ื™ื—ื“ ืืช ืฉืœืžื•ืชื™ ื‘ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ื™ ืื– ืื ื™ ืžืงื™ื™ื ืืช …. (ืœื”ืฉืœื™ื)
ื•ื–ื•ื”ื™ ื”ื”ืืจื” ื”ืขื‘ืจื™ืช.

ื”ื“ืจืš ื”ื™ื—ื™ื“ื” ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืœื”ืืจื” ื–ื” ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื”ื—ืœืง ืฉืœืš โ€“ ื“ื•ื’ืžืช ื”ืคืื–ืœ, ื—ืชื™ื›ืช ืคืื–ืœ ืžื ืกื” ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื›ืžื• ื›ื•ืœื ื•ืœื”ืชื—ื‘ืจ ืœื›ื•ืœื™ื•ืช ืื– ื”ื™ื ืžืขื’ืœืช ืœืขืฆืžื” ืืช ื”ืคื™ื ื•ืช ื•ืื– ื›ื‘ืจ ืœื ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœื›ื ืก. ืื ื—ื ื• ืœื ืžืชื›ื•ื•ื ื™ื ืœืžื™ื™ื ื“ ื”ืฉื˜ื—ื™ ืฉืขืกื•ืง ื‘ืื’ื• ืฉืœื•, ืžื™ ื”ืขืœื™ื‘ ืื•ืชื™, ื”ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ืฉืœื™, ืืช ื–ื” ื‘ืืžืช ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื”ืฉืื™ืจ ืžืื—ื•ืจ, ืื‘ืœ ื›ืฉืžืฉืื™ืจื™ื ืื•ืชื• ืžืื—ื•ืจ ืœื ืžื’ื™ืขื™ื ืœืžื™ื™ื ื“ ื”ื›ืœืœื™ ืืœื ืœืคืจื˜ ื”ืกืคืฆื™ืคื™ ืฉืœืš ืฉืžืžื ื• ื”ืžืคืชื— ืœื›ืœืœ, ื–ื” ืกื•ื“ ื”ื™ื—ื•ื“ ืชืจืชื™ ืžืฉืžืข. ืกื•ื“ ื”ื”ื•ืœื•ืŸ, ื›ืฉื”ื”ื•ืœื•ืŸ ืžื•ื•ืชืจ ืขืœ ื”ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ ืฉืœื• ื”ื•ื ืœื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ืชื™ื™ื—ื“ ืขื ื”ื—ืœืง ื”ื™ื•ืชืจ ื’ื“ื•ืœ. ื•ื–ื• ืื—ืช ื”ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื•ืช ื‘ืœื™ืžื•ื“ื™ ื”ืืจื” ื”ื™ื•ื, ื›ืฉื”ื ืจื•ืฆื™ื ืœืœืžื“ืš ืœืขื–ื•ื‘ ืžืื—ื•ืจ ืืช ื”ื—ืฉื™ื‘ื” ื”ืฉื˜ื—ื™ืช ืขืœ ืขืฆืžืš ื”ื ื–ื•ืจืงื™ื ืืช ื”ืชื™ื ื•ืง โ€“ ื”ืขืฆืžื™ ื”ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ื™ โ€“ ืขื ื”ืžื™ื, ืืชื” ืžืชื’ืœื” ื‘ืื™ืฉื™ื•ืชืš ื”ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ื™ืช ื•ื”ืื™ืŸ ืกื•ืคื™ืช, ื˜ื‘ื™ืขืช ื”ื ืฉืžื” ื•ืจืง ื“ืจื›ื” ืžื–ื“ื•ื•ื’ื™ื ืขื ื”ืžื™ื™ื ื“ ื”ื›ืœืœื™.

ืชื™ื ื•ืง โ€“ ื˜ืจื•ื ืื™ืฉื™.
ืื“ื โ€“ ืื™ืฉื™.
ื˜ืจื ืกืคืจืกื•ื ืœื™ – ืขืœ ืื™ืฉื™.

ื”ื—ื™ื“ื•ืฉ โ€“ ื”ื“ืจืš ื”ื™ื—ื™ื“ื” ืœื˜ืจื ืกืคืจืกื•ื ืœื™ ื”ื™ื ื“ืจืš ื”ืคืจืกื•ื ืœื™. ื”ืคืจืกื•ื ืœ ืขืฆืžื• ื”ื•ื ื”ื“ืœืช ืœื˜ืจื ืกืคืจืกื•ื ืœ. ื”ืขืฆืžื™ ื”ืื•ืชื ื˜ื™(ืื ื“ืจื• ื›ื”ืŸ) ื–ื” ืžืฉื”ื• ื›ืœืœื™ ืžื“ื™. ื–ื” ื ื™ืกื™ื•ืŸ ืœื”ืชื’ื‘ืจ ืขืœ ื”ืฉืคืขืช ื”ืื“ื•ื•ื™ื™ื˜ื” ื•ืœื—ื–ื•ืจ ืœืžืฉื”ื• ืคืจืกื•ื ืœื™, ืืš ืœื ืžืกืคื™ืง. ื•ื–ื” ืจืง ื“ืจืš ื”ืคืจืกื•ื ืœื™.

ืกื™ืคื•ืจ โ€“ ื”ืกื™ืคื•ืจ ื”ื™ื—ื•ื“ื™ ืฉืœื™
ืžืกืคืจ โ€“ ื”ืžืกืคืจ ืฉืœื™
ืกืคื™ืจ โ€“ ื”ืืจื”, ื”ืขืฆืžืช ื”ืกื™ืคื•ืจ ื•ื”ืžื™ืกืคืจ.

ืฉื™ื ื™ื™ื“ ืื•ืงื•ื ื•ืจ โ€“ ืžื’ื™ืขื” ืœืขื•ืžืง ื”ืื•ื ื™ื‘ืจืกืœื™ื•ืช ื“ื•ื•ืงื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื–ื™ื•ื•ื’ ืขืžื•ืง ืขื ืื“ืžืช ืื™ืจืœื ื“ ืฉืœื”. ืžื’ื™ืขื™ื ืœืื•ื ื™ื‘ืจืกืœื™ ื“ืจืš ื”ืžื™ืฉื•ืจ ื”ืคืจื˜ื™. ืœื ื“ืจืš ื”ืื™ืฉื™ ื”ืฉื˜ื—ื™, ืืœื ืื™ืฉื™ ืขืฆืžื™ ืคื ื™ืžื™ ื•ืฉื ืžื‘ื™ื ื™ื ืฉืื ื™ ื—ืœืง ืžื”ืื•ื ื™ื‘ืจืกืœื™.

‘ืžื™ ื”ืฉื™ืœื•ื—’ โ€“ ื”ืื™ืฉื‘ื™ืฆืจ – ืกืคืจ ื‘ืžื“ื‘ืจ, ืคืจืฉืช ื‘ืžื“ื‘ืจ โ€“ “ื•ื™ื“ื‘ืจ ื”’ ืืœ ืžืฉื” ื‘ืžื“ื‘ืจ ืกื™ื ื™ ื‘ืื”ืœ ืžื•ืขื“ ื‘ืื—ื“ ืœื—ื“ืฉ ื”ืฉื ื™ ื‘ืฉื ื” ื”ืฉื ื™ืช ืœืฆืืชื ืžืืจืฅ ืžืฆืจื™ื ืœืืžืจ ืฉืื• ืืช ืจืืฉ ื›ืœ ืขื“ืช ื‘ื ื™ ื™ืฉืจืืœ….
ืฉืื• ื”ื•ื ืœืฉื•ืŸ ื”ืชื ืฉืื•ืช ืฉืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืžื ื™ืŸ ื™ื”ื™ื” ืœื›ืœ ืื—ื“ ื•ืื—ื“ ื”ืชื ืฉืื•ืช ื•ื›ืœ ืื—ื“ ื™ื”ื™ื” ืžื“ื•ื’ืœ..ื ืืžืจ ืขืœ ืคืจื˜ื™ ื ืคืฉื•ืช ืžื™ืฉืจืืœ ืฉื”ื™ื” ืืœ ืื—ื“ ืžืกืคืจ…ื•ื”ื™ื” ืžืกืคืจ ืฉื›ืœ ืื—ื“ ื™ื”ื™ื” ื ืฆืจืš

ื›ืœื•ืžืจ, ืื ื• ืกื•ืคืจื™ื ืื•ืชืš ื›ื“ื™ ืฉืชื“ืข ืฉืืชื” ืžื™ื•ื—ื“, ืฉื™ืฉ ืœืš ืžื™ืกืคืจ, ืœืฉื•ืŸ ‘ื”ืชื ืฉืื•ืช’ ื•ื›ืœ ืื—ื“ ื™ื”ื™ื” ืžื“ื•ื’ืœ, ืงืจื™, ื›ืžื• ื“ื’ืœ, ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืฉืืคืฉืจ ืœืจืื•ืชื•.

ื ืฆืจืš โ€“ ืฉื”ืืœื•ื”ื•ืช ืขืฆืžื• ืฆืจื™ื›ื” ื›ืœ ืื—ื“ ื•ืื—ื“, ืœื ืจืง ืฉื›ืœ ืื—ื“ ืงื™ื™ื ื•ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ื™ ืžื“ื•ื’ืœ ื•ื‘ืขืœ ื”ืชื ืฉืื•ืช, ืืœื ืฉื”ืืœื•ื”ื•ืช ืฆืจื™ื›ื” ื›ืœ ืื—ื“ ืžืžืฉ, ื•ืื ืžื™ืฉื”ื• ื—ืกืจ, ื™ืฉ ื—ืกืจ ื‘ืืœื•ื”ื•ืช.

ืžืชื•ืš ื›ืœ ืื—ื“ ืฉืฉื•ืืฃ ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ื ื™ื›ืจ ื’ื“ื•ืœื•ืช ื”ืฉื ื™ืชื‘ืจืš…

ื™ืฉ ื›ืืŸ ืงื˜ืขื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืืจื” ืฉืžื•ืขื‘ืจื™ื ื“ืจืš ืคืจื™ื–ืžื” ืืชื ื•ืฆื ื˜ืจื™ืช ื•ืœื›ืŸ ืžืขื‘ื™ืจ ื”ื›ืœ ืจืง ืœืขื ื™ืฉืจืืœ ืฉืœื•. ื–ื” ืชื™ืงื•ืŸ ืฉืื ื• ืขื•ืฉื™ื ืœ’ืžื™ ื”ืฉื™ืœื•ื—’.

ื›ืžื• ืฉืžืฆื™ื™ืจื™ื ืฆื•ืจืช ื”ืžืœืš ืขืœ ื›ืžื” ืืœืคื™ื ื˜ื‘ืœืื•ืช ื•ืื ื™ืื‘ื“ ืื—ื“ ืžื”ื ืฆื•ืจืช ื”ืžืœืš ื—ืกืจื”

ื–ื” ื”ืคืื–ืœ ืฉื“ื™ื‘ืจื ื• ืขืœื™ื•;

ื•ื‘ืขืช ืฉื”ื™ื” ื ืžื ื” ื›ืœ ืื—ื“ ืžื™ืฉืจืืœ ืื– ื”ื•ื ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืฉื‘ื›ืœ ื™ืฉืจืืœ

ื›ืœื•ืžืจ ,ื™ืฉ ืœืš ื’ื“ืœื•ืช ืื™ื ืกื•ืคื™ืช, ื•ืื ืืชื” ื—ืกืจ, ืืชื” ืœื ื‘ื’ื“ืœื•ืช ืฉืœืš, ืื– ื”ืืœื•ื”ื•ืช ื—ืกืจื”

ื›ื™ ื›ืœ ื™ืฉืจืืœ ื”ื ื—ืœืง ื”ืฉื ื™ืชื‘ืจืš ื›ื™ ื”ืื“ื ืžื›ื™ืจ ืฉื”ื•ื ืฉืœื ื•ื’ื ื—ืœืง ืฉืœ ืžืข’ ื’ื“ื•ืœื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ื•ืœื›ืŸ ื›ื™ ืžื” ืฉื›ืชื‘ ื›ื™ ื—ืœืง ื”’ ืขืžื• โ€“ ืžื‘ื™ื ืคืกื•ืง ืžื“ื‘ืจื™ื โ€“ ืื™ืš ืืชื” ืžื’ื™ืข ืœื”’? ื“ืจืš ื”ื—ืœืง. ื“ืจืš ื”ืืคื™ื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ื™ื—ื•ื“ ืฉืœืš, ื•ื‘ืขืช ืฉื”ื™ื” ื ืžื ื” ืื– ื”ื™ื” ื”ืฉื ื™ืชื‘ืจืš ื‘ื–ืืช ื”ืžื™ื“ื” ืฉื”ื•ื ืื—ื•ื– ื‘ื” ื•ืžืžื™ืœื ืฉื”ื•ื ื”ื™ื” ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื•ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื–ื” ื™ืฉ ืœื›ืœ ืื—ื“ ืžื™ืฉืจืืœ ื”ืชื ืฉืื•ืช ื–ื• ืชืคื™ืกื” ืฉืœ ืฆื™ื‘ื•ืจ.

ืฆื™ื‘ื•ืจ ื”ื•ื ืžืงื•ื ืฉืžืฆื“ ืื—ื“ ื”ื•ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืžื›ืœ ื—ืœืงื™ื•, ื›ื™ ืฆื™ื‘ื•ืจ ื”ื•ื ื”ืจืžื” ื”ื‘ืื” ืฉืœ ืกื“ืจ, ืœืื—ืจ ื”ืื™ื ื“ื™ื‘ื™ื“ื•ืืœ. ื–ื” ืœื ืจืง ืงื‘ื•ืฆืช ื™ื—ื™ื“ื™ื ืืœื ื›ืฉืื ื™ ืขื•ืœื” ื“ืจื’ื” ื‘ื”ื™ืจืจื›ื™ื” ื™ืฉ ืขืงืจื•ืŸ ืžืืจื’ืŸ ื‘ืœืชื™-ื ืจืื”. ืชื™ื‘ื” ื–ื” ืžืœื”, ื–ื” ืงื‘ื•ืฆืช ืื•ืชื™ื•ืช, ื•ื–ื” ืžื™ืœื” ืฉื™ืฉ ืœื” ืขืจืš ืื—ืจ. ืฆื™ื‘ื•ืจ ื”ื•ื ืื•ืกืฃ ื™ื—ื™ื“ื™ื ืฉื›ืœ ืื—ื“ ื•ื™ืชืจ ื‘ืžื™ื“ืช ืžื” ืขืœ ื–ื›ื•ื™ื•ืชื™ื• ื›ื“ื™ ืœืืคืฉืจ ืœื›ืœืœ ืœื”ื’ืŸ ืขืœื™ื•. ื–ื” ื”ื’ื“ืจืช ื”ืฆื™ื‘ื•ืจ ืฉืœ ื”ื•ื‘ืก ื•ืœื•ืง. ืืš ืฆื™ื‘ื•ืจ ื”ื•ื ื’ื ืžื”ื•ืช ื›ืœืฉืขืฆืžื• ! ืฉืžื’ื“ื™ืจ ืžื—ื“ืฉ ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ื™ื—ื™ื“ื™ื.

ืœื›ืœ ื“ื‘ืจ ื™ืฉ ืฆืœ โ€“ ื”ื’ืœ ื“ื™ื‘ืจ ืขืœ ืฆื™ื‘ื•ืจ ืฉื”ื•ื ื™ื—ื™ื“ื” ืขืฆืžืื™ืช ืฉืžื›ืœืœื™ื” ื™ื—ื™ื“ื™ื ืืš ืžืชืขืœื” ืžืขืœื™ื”ื. ืืš ื–ื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืคืชื•ืœื•ื’ื™ ื›ื™ ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื” ืชืชืขืœื” ืžืขืœ ื™ื—ื™ื“ื™ื” ื•ืชื’ื“ื™ืจ ืื•ืชื.

ื‘ื›ืœ ืงื‘ื•ืฆื” ืืžืชื™ืช ื™ืฉ ื™ืกื•ื“ ืžืืจื’ืŸ ืืš ื™ืฉ ืœื”ื™ื–ื”ืจ ืฉื”ื™ืกื•ื“ ื”ืžืืจื’ืŸ ืœื ื”ื•ืคืš ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืจื•ื“ื ื™ ื›ื™ ืื– ื–ื” ื”ื™ืจืจื›ื™ื” ืคืชื•ืœื•ื’ื™ืช. ื•ืœื›ืŸ ื”ื•ื‘ืก ื™ืฆืจ ืืช ืชืคื™ืกืช ื”ื“ืžื•ืง’ ืฉืœื• ื›ืžืจื“ ืขืœ ืชืคื™ืกื•ืช ืฉืืžืจื• ืฉื”ืžืฉื˜ืจ ื”ื•ื ืžืขืœ ื”ื™ื—ื™ื“ื™ื. ื•ื”ื•ื‘ืก ืืžืจ โ€“ ืื™ืŸ ืฆื™ื‘ื•ืจ, ื–ื• ืืฉืœื™ื”, ื“ืžื•ืง’ ื–ื” ืœื ืฆื™ื‘ื•ืจ ืืœ ื ืžืงื•ื ืฉื‘ื• ื™ื—ื™ื“ื™ื ื•ื™ืชืจื• ืขืœ ื–ื›ื•ื™ื•ืชื™ื”ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœื™ืฆื•ืจ ืืฉืœื™ื” ืฉืœ ืฆื™ื‘ื•ืจ ืฉื™ื’ืŸ ืขืœ ื”ื™ื—ื™ื“ื™ื. ื•ืœื›ืŸ ื™ืฉ ื‘ื“ืžื•ืง’ ื”ืžื•ื“ืจื ื™ืช ื›ื–ื• ื–ืจื•ืช ื•ื ื™ื›ื•ืจ ื•ื–ื” ืžืฉื•ื ื”ืฉืœื™ืœื” ื”ื˜ื•ื˜ืืœื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ื•ื‘ืก ื•ืœื•ืง.

ื”ื—ื•ืœื™ ื‘ื—ื™ื™ื ื”ื•ื ืชืžื™ื“ ื›ืฉื™ืฉ ืœืš ืคื—ื•ืช ืžื“ื™ ืฉืœืžื•ืช ืื• ืคื—ื•ืช ืžื“ื™ ื—ืœืงื™ื•ืช. ื™ืฉ ืื™ื–ื•ืŸ ื ื”ื“ืจ ื‘ืชื•ืš ื”ื™ื—ื™ื“ื” ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืขืฆืžืื•ืช ืœื‘ื™ืŸ ื–ื” ืฉืื ื™ ื—ืœืง ืžื™ื—ื™ื“ื”. ืื ื™ ืœื ืžืชื‘ื˜ืœ ื‘ืคื ื™ ื”ืžืขืจ’ ื”ืืœื•ื”ื™ืช. ื™ืฉ ืื™ื–ื•ืŸ. ื‘ืชืคื™ืกื•ืช ื”ืจื•ื—ื ื™ื•ืช ื”ืงืœืืกื™ื•ืช ื”ืื“ื ืžืชื‘ื˜ืœ ื‘ืคื ื™ื” ืืš ื‘ื—ื›ืžื” ื”ืขื‘ืจื™ืช ื”ืื“ื ื ืฉืืจ ืงื™ื™ื ืืš ื”ื•ื ืฉืงื•ืฃ ืœืืœื•ื”ื•ืช ื•ื”ืืœื•ื”ื•ืช ืฉืžื›ื™ืœื” ืื•ืชื• – ื–ื•ืจืžืช ื“ืจื›ื•. ื–ื” ืœื ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ืœ, ื–ื” ืฉืงื™ืคื•ืช.

ื•ื›ืœ ื ื•ืฉื ื˜ื‘ื™ืขืช ื”ื ืฉืžื” ื‘ื ื•ื™ ืขืœ ื”ื•ืœื•ืŸ. ืื ื™ ื‘ื”ื’ื“ืจืชื™ ืฉืœื ืฉื”ื•ื ื—ืœืง. ื•ืื ืื ื™ ืžื ืกื” ืœื˜ืขื•ืŸ ืœืื•ื˜ื•ื ื•ืžื™ื” ืฉืœ ืฉืœื ื›ืฉืœืขืฆืžื™ โ€“ ืœื ื›ืคืจืชื™ ื‘ืืœื•ื”ื•ืช ืืœื ื‘ืžืฆื™ืื•ืช. ืืœื•ื”ื•ืช ื”ื™ื ื‘ืกื””ื› ืฉื ื ืจื“ืฃ ืœืžืฆื™ืื•ืช. ืื™ืŸ ื›ืคื™ืจื” ื‘ืืœื•ื”ื•ืช, ืืœื ื‘ืžืฆื™ืื•ืช. ืžืฆื™ืื•ืช ื”ื™ื ืืœื•ื”ื•ืช. ื•ื›ืฉืื ื• ืื•ืžืจื™ื ‘ื›ืคื™ืจื” ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ’ ืคื™ืจื•ืฉื” ื›ืคื™ืจื” ื‘ืขื™ืงืจื™ ื”ืžืฆื™ืื•ืช, ืœื ืžืฉื”ื• ืื‘ืกื˜ืจืงื˜ื™. ื›ืคื™ืจื” ื‘ื™ืกื•ื“ ืฉืื ื™ whole-part. ื›ืœื•ืžืจ, ื™ืฉ ื˜ืขื•ืช ื‘ืชืคื™ืกืช ื”ืืœื•ื”ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื ื™ื• ืื™ื™ื’’. ืฉื ืื•ืžืจื™ื ืฉื”ืืœ ื”ื•ื ืกืš ื”ื›ืœ ืฉืœ ื›ืœ ื”ืžืฆื™ืื•ืช. ืืš ืœื ื‘ื“ื™ื•ืง ื›ื™ ืชืžื™ื“ ื›ืฉืื ื™ ืขื•ืœื” ื“ืจื’ื” ื™ืฉ ื™ืกื•ื“ ืžืืจื’ืŸ ื—ื“ืฉ. ื›ืœื•ืžืจ, ื”ืืœื•ื”ื•ืช ืžื›ื™ืœื” ื‘ืชื•ื›ื” ืืช ื›ืœ ืžื” ืฉืงื™ื™ื, ืืช ื›ืœ ืฉืžื•ืช ื›ืœ ื”ืื ืฉื™ื, ืืœื ืฉืฉื ื”ืืœ ื”ื•ื ื’ื ืžืขื‘ืจ ืœื›ืœ ื”ืฉืžื•ืช ืฉืœ ื›ืœ ื”ืื ืฉื™ื ื•ืฉืœ ื›ืœ ื”ืžืฆื™ืื•ื™ื•ืช. ื”ื•ื ื’ื ื™ืกื•ื“ ืžืืจื’ืŸ ื—ื“ืฉ. ื›ืžื• ืฉืžืฉืคื˜ ื”ื•ื ื™ืกื•ื“ ืžืืจื’ืŸ ืžืขืœ ื›ืœ ื”ืžื™ืœื™ื ืฉื‘ื•. ืœื›ืŸ ืื™ ืืคืฉืจ ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืจื“ื•ืงืฆื™ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืืœื•ื”ื•ืช ืœ’ื›ืœ ืžื” ืฉืงื™ื™ื’ ื›ื™ ื”ืืœื•ื”ื•ืช ื”ื™ื ื›ืœ ืžื” ืฉืงื™ื™ื ื•ื’ื ื”ื™ืกื•ื“ ื”ืžืืจื’ืŸ. ื–ื” ืขื•ื‘ื“ ื›ืžื• ืฉืœื‘ื™ ืจืžื•ืช ื”ืชื•ื“ืขื” transcends and includes ื›ืš ืฉื–ื” ื’ื ื”ื›ืœ ื•ื’ื ืžืฉื”ื• ื—ื“ืฉ ืœื’ืžืจื™ ืฉืžื’ื“ื™ืจ ืžื—ื“ืฉ ืืช ื›ืœ ืžืจื›ื™ื‘ื™ ื”ืžืขืจื›ืช (ื›ืœ ื”ื™ืฉ) ืข”ื™ ืื•ืชื• ื™ืกื•ื“ ืžืืจื’ืŸ.

 

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